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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1877 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1877
Ab urbe condita2630
Armenian calendar1326
Assyrian calendar6627
Baháʼí calendar33–34
Balinese saka calendar1798–1799
Bengali calendar1284
Berber calendar2827
British Regnal year40 Vict. 1 – 41 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2421
Burmese calendar1239
Byzantine calendar7385–7386
Chinese calendar丙子年 (Fire Rat)
4574 or 4367
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4575 or 4368
Coptic calendar1593–1594
Discordian calendar3043
Ethiopian calendar1869–1870
Hebrew calendar5637–5638
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1933–1934
 - Shaka Samvat1798–1799
 - Kali Yuga4977–4978
Holocene calendar11877
Igbo calendar877–878
Iranian calendar1255–1256
Islamic calendar1293–1294
Japanese calendarMeiji 10
Javanese calendar1805–1806
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4210
Minguo calendar35 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar409
Thai solar calendar2419–2420
Tibetan calendar阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
2003 or 1622 or 850
    — to —
(female Fire-Ox)
2004 or 1623 or 851
April 24: Start of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)

1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1877th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 877th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 19th century, and the 8th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1877, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.








Edmund Landau
Pascual Ortiz Rubio


James Montgomery Flagg


Hermann Hesse
George Hackenschmidt
John Latham
Frederick Soddy
Edward Ellington


Date unknown



Cornelius Vanderbilt
Henrietta A. Bingham
J. L. Runeberg
Sophie of Württemberg


Date unknown


  1. ^ Mounsey, Augustus H. (1879). The Satsuma Rebellion: An Episode of Modern Japanese History. London: John Murray.
  2. ^ Pierre Crabitès, Gordon: The Sudan and Slavery (Routledge, 2016)
  3. ^ The Guinness Book of Records.
  4. ^ Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1877". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale. Archived from the original on May 27, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  5. ^ Black, Lowell Dwight; Black, Sara Harrington (1985). An Officer and a Gentleman: The Military Career of Lieutenant Henry O. Flipper. Dayton, Ohio: Lora Co. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-96246-590-1.
  6. ^ Stenbock-Fermor, Elizabeth (1975). The Architecture of Anna Karenina. B.R. Grüner. ISBN 1588116751.
  7. ^ "Requested Information for Lancaster County, PA". NWS State College Tornado Database. Retrieved September 30, 2022.
  8. ^ Bruce, Robert V. (1959). 1877: Year of Violence. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
  9. ^ Hanssen, Jens-Morten (August 10, 2001). "Facts about Pillars of Society". Retrieved February 8, 2013.
  10. ^ "Pascual Ortiz Rubio" (in Spanish). Busca Biografias. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  11. ^ "Plutarco Elías Calles" (in Spanish). Busca Biografias. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  12. ^ Haufe, Kay (May 14, 2023). "Die vergessene Dresdner Heldin: Marie-Simon-Grab erneuert" [The Forgotten Dresden Heroine: Marie Simon Grave Renewed]. Sächsische Zeitung (in German). Retrieved August 26, 2023.
  13. ^ Cresswell, Jenita (February 5, 2016). "Runeberg: a patriotic 19th-century rapper". Thisisfinland. Ministry for Foreign Affairs (Finland). Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  14. ^ Momen, Moojan (1993). "Cormick, William". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Vol. VI fasc. 3. pp. 275–276.

Further reading

  • 1877 Annual Cyclopedia (1878) highly detailed coverage of "Political, Military, and Ecclesiastical Affairs; Public Documents; Biography, Statistics, Commerce, Finance, Literature, Science, Agriculture, and Mechanical Industry" for year 1877; massive compilation of facts and primary documents; worldwide coverage; 827 pp
  • Bellesiles, Michael A. (2010). 1877: America's Year of Living Violently. New York: New Press. ISBN 9781595584410.
  • Bruce, Robert V. (1957). 1877: Year of Violence. I.R. Dee. ISBN 9780929587059. online
  • Lloyd, John P. "The strike wave of 1877" in The Encyclopedia of Strikes in American History (2009) pp 177-190. online
  • Piper, Jessica. "The great railroad strike of 1877: A catalyst for the American labor movement." History Teacher 47.1 (2013): 93-110. online
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