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Çorum Province

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Çorum Province
Lion Gate in Hattusa
Lion Gate in Hattusa
Location of the province within Turkey
Location of the province within Turkey
CountryTurkey
SeatÇorum
Government
 • GovernorZülkif Dağlı
Area
12,428 km2 (4,798 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)[1]
524,130
 • Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Area code0364
Websitewww.corum.gov.tr

Çorum (Turkish: Çorum İli) is a province in the Black Sea Region of Turkey, but lying inland and having more characteristics of Central Anatolia than the Black Sea coast. Its area is 12,428 km2,[2] and its population is 524,130 (2022).[1] Its provincial capital is the city of Çorum, the traffic code is 19.

History

The Sphinx Gate at Hattusa. This was one of the city gates. The arc is typical for Hittite architecture.

Excavations reveal that Çorum area was inhabited during the Paleolithic, Neolithic period and the 4th stage of the Calcolithic Age. Remains of these periods have been found at Büyük Güllüce, Eskiyapar and Kuşsaray.

In later times Çorum and its environs were dominated by Hittites and in the district of Boğazkale is one of the most important Hittite sites in Anatolia, the UNESCO World Heritage listed Hattusa, the capital of the Hittite Empire from 1700 BC to 1200 BC. Other important Hittite sites include the open-air temples at Yazılıkaya and Alacahöyük; royal tombs; and the excavations of Boğazköy including tablets proving tradings links between the Hittites and the Ancient Egyptians.

Later civilizations such as the Phrygians arrived here and who left remains at Pazarlı, north of Çorum. Besides the Phrygians, the Cimmerians, Medes, Persians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, Danishmends, Mongol Empire (Ilkhanids), Eretnids, Kadi Burhan al-Din and finally the Ottoman Empire also arrived here. As well as the Hittite archaeology, the province also contains a number of castles, bridges and mosques dating from the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.

In 1980, Nationalist Movement Party militants perpetrated the Çorum Massacre against the Alevi Turk minority, killing 57 and injuring more than 200.

Geography

Kızılırmak and Taybı plain, İskilip

The province of Çorum is a mixture of mountains and high plateaus, some of it watered by the Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak rivers. The province includes much attractive high meadow and mountain for walking and excursions from the city and towns.

Çorum is also known as a Geographical centre of Earth[dubiousdiscuss]. In 2003, a revised calculation by Holger Isenberg using the higher resolution ETOPO2 global digital elevation model (DEM) with data points every 2' (3.7 km near equator) led to a more precise result of 40°52′N 34°34′E in the region of Çorum, Turkey (180 km northeast of Ankara) and thereby validated Woods' calculation.[citation needed]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C 4.2 6.5 11.5 17.4 21.8 25.6 28.9 29.1 25.6 19.5 12.1 6.0
Ave. low °C -4.3 -3.8 -1.1 3.7 7.0 9.8 12.1 12.0 8.7 4.7 0.3 -2.3
source: www.meteor.gov.tr Archived 2008-06-17 at the Wayback Machine

Districts

Çorum province is divided into 14 districts (capital district in bold):

Population

Population statistical of districts
District 1831* 1849 1893 1907 1927 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007
Çorum 10.075* 49.057 80.973 60.752 88.056 118.536 144.569 168.985 189.748 221.699
Alaca - - - - 26.787 46.444 54.315 56.657 56.724 53.403 53.193
Bayat - - - - - - 22.836 27.078 31.957 36.294 30.574
Boğazkale - - - - - - - - - 9.973 8.190
Dodurga - - - - - - - - - 13.550 10.439
İskilip 11.450* 43.442 43.271 52.362 53.722 66.611 55.618 67.434 72.569 52.569 45.327
Kargı - - - - - - 31.564 32.261 31.247 26.762 20.388
Laçin - - - - - - - - - 11.960 9.425
Mecitözü - - 31.928 1907 36.752 44.319 34.598 35.496 34.911 31.246 26.064
Oğuzlar - - - - - - - - - 11.154 9.083
Ortaköy - - - - - - 9.580 11.016 12.420 13.073 11.820
Osmancık 4.349* 17.639 29.473 29.184 33.494 42.960 53.849 63.018 52.490 53.758
Sungurlu 67.607 39.793 40.405 62.429 76.382 90.006 100.000 88.327 80.840
Uğurludağ - - - - - - - - - 18.111 16.265
Total 202.601 247.602 341.353 446.389 518.366 571.831 608.660 597.065
  • The census data of 1831 is only the central city, villages and towns are not included.
  • The boxes with (-) sign are the times the before the subprovince was a subprovince.

References

  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  2. ^ "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 19 September 2023.

40°33′52″N 34°39′50″E / 40.56444°N 34.66389°E / 40.56444; 34.66389

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Çorum Province
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