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Tharros Punic inscriptions

The Tharros Punic inscriptions are a group of Punic inscriptions found at the archeological site of Tharros in Sardinia.[1]

In the nineteenth century, a few funerary inscriptions engraved on cippi were discovered (CIS I 154-161).[2] In 1901 an important 3rd century BC inscription dedicated to Melqart was found, but the surface was very damaged, currently the longest Punic inscription outside of North Africa.[1][3][4]

Many short texts are engraved on small objects: a hemisphere in dolomitic stone,[5] an amulet,[6] and two silver plates.[1][7][8]

Neopunic graffiti on ceramic fragments has also been found.[1][9]

Concordande

Concordance
Image Current location Discovered ICO Sard CIS Other
lost 1850 6 160
Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Cagliari 1852 5 153
1855 7 159 [10]
lost 1855 8
lost 1861 10
Como, Museo archeologico Paolo Giovio 1863 12 154 KI 61
Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Cagliari 1863 13 156
1863 14 155
1865 16 157
Sassari, Museo nazionale archeologico ed etnografico G. A. Sanna 1870 24 158 KI 62, KAI 67
Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Cagliari 1873 15 RES 1591
lost 1875 21 161
Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Cagliari 1900 31 RES 21
1901 32 [11][3]

Bibliography

  • Amadasi Guzzo, Maria Giulia (1990). Iscrizioni fenicie e puniche in Italia (PDF). Libreria dello Stato, Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato. ISBN 978-88-240-0109-0.
  • ICO: Amadasi Guzzo, Maria Giulia (1967). Le iscrizioni fenicie e puniche delle colonie in Occidente. Studi semitici (in Italian). Istituto di studi del Vicino Oriente, Università. Retrieved 2022-10-13.
  • CIS: Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum; the first section is focused on Phoenician-Punic inscriptions (176 "Phoenician" inscriptions and 5982 "Punic" inscriptions)[12]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Amadasi_Guzzo 1990, p. 106: "Tharros: Grazie agli scavi recenti si è recuperato un certo numero di iscrizioni provenienti dal tofet, di epoca varia e solo in parte paragonabili con quelle di Mozia. Nella necropoli sono state individuate, già nel XIX secolo, alcune iscrizioni funerarie incise su cippi o, originariamente, sulla stessa parete rocciosa nella quale era scavata la tomba (V-III secolo a.C.) Nel 1901 si ha la prima notizia del contenuto di un'importante iscrizione (circa III secolo a.C.) dedicata a Melqart: la superficie molto danneggiata non ha ancora consentito una piena comprensione del testo, attualmente il più lungo di tutto l'occidente non africano. Un buon numero di corti testi sono incisi su piccoli oggetti: un emisfero in pietra dolomitica; un amuleto; due lamine in argento. Si ricordano inoltre graffiti neopunici su frammenti ceramici."
  2. ^ Also ICO, Sard. 6-7; 12-14; 21, 24, pp. 89+90
  3. ^ a b Berger Philippe, Une inscription phénicienne de la collection Pischedda, Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 45ᵉ année, N. 5, 1901. pp. 576-579. DOI: 10.3406/crai.1901.16930
  4. ^ ICO, Sard. 32, pp. 109-112
  5. ^ CIS I, 153; ICO Sard. 5
  6. ^ ICO, Sard. 10
  7. ^ ICO, Sard. 15, 31
  8. ^ Giovanni Garbini, Annali dell'Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, 1982, pp. 462
  9. ^ ICO, Sard. Np. 9-30
  10. ^ G. Spano, Stela fenicia di Tharros, Bollettino Archeologico Sardo n. 3, March 1856, pp. 33-38; interpretation by F. Bourgade, same journal, pp. 167-170
  11. ^ A. BONU , Titolo commemorativo di Tharros , in « Studi Sardi » , XII - XIII , Sassari 1955 , pp . 483-494
  12. ^ Mark Woolmer (ed.). "Phoenician: A Companion to Ancient Phoenicia". A Companion to Ancient Phoenicia, ed. Mark Woolmer: 4. Altogether, the known Phoenician texts number nearly seven thousand. The majority of these were collected in three volumes constituting the first part of the Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum (CIS), begun in 1867 under the editorial direction of the famous French scholar Ernest Renan (1823–1892), continued by J.-B. Chabot and concluded in 1962 by James G. Février. The CIS corpus includes 176 "Phoenician" inscriptions and 5982 "Punic" inscriptions (see below on these labels).[self-published source?]
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Tharros Punic inscriptions
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