|Born||10 June 1948|
Araria, Bihar, India
|Died||14 November 2023 (aged 75)|
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Alma mater||Government Technical Institute, Gorakhpur|
|Occupation(s)||Founder and Chairman of Sahara India Pariwar|
Roy was named the tenth-most influential Indian businessmen in 2012 by India Today. In 2004, the Sahara group was termed by Time magazine as "the second largest employer in India after Indian Railways". Sahara operates through more than 5,000 establishments across India and has a workforce of around 1.2 million (field and office) under the Sahara India umbrella.
Subrata Roy was born into a Bengali Hindu family in Araria on 10 June 1948 to Sudhir Chandra Roy and Chhabi Roy. His father and mother came from Dhaka, Bikrampur, East Bengal (now Bangladesh) from a rich landlord family named Bhagyakul Zamindar.
Main article: Sahara India Pariwar
Roy joined Sahara Finance, a struggling company, in 1976, that ran a chit fund and took it over. He changed its financial model in 1978. Sahara is said to have used the financial model of much older Peerless Group. They are termed residuary non-banking companies (RNBCs) that accept deposits of very low amounts.
In the 1990s, Roy moved to Lucknow which became the base of his group. From there, it went on to become the largest conglomerate of India with a diversified range of business interests. The company now has interests in financial services, education, real estate, media, entertainment, tourism, healthcare, and hospitality.
The Hindi language newspaper Rashtriya Sahara was started in 1992. In the late 1990s, the ambitious Aamby Valley City project near Pune was initiated. In 2000, Sahara TV was launched which was later renamed Sahara One. In 2003, Sahara started three weeklies: Sahara Time (English), Sahara Samay (Hindi), and Sahara Aalmi (Urdu).
Sahara has a workforce of around 1.2 million including salaried employees, consultants, field workers, agents, and business associates, etc. In 2004, Sahara group was termed by Time magazine as "the second-largest employer in India" after the Government-run Indian Railways.
Roy was planning to foray into online education (Edunguru) in India, which was targeted at small towns and villages. He put a team in place which consists of members from top universities and colleges across India, and even abroad. The route map of the program was prepared, and 14,000 hours of lectures were developed for this.
In June 2019, Roy announced his foray into the automobile sector under the brand name 'Sahara Evols'. The Sahara Evols venture will offer a wide range of electric vehicles (EVs) along with advanced allied services.[needs update]
Main article: Sahara India Pariwar investor fraud case
On 26 February 2014, the Supreme Court of India ordered the detention of Roy for failing to appear before it in connection with legal dispute with Market Regulator – SEBI. In a statement after the arrest, his lawyer said Roy's 92-year-old mother was in poor health and needed "her eldest son" by her side, and hence he failed to appear at the court. As he failed to appear in the court during the ongoing legal battle, Roy was held in custody in the Tihar Jail, Delhi and was out on parole since May 2016. Sahara was allowed to sell a part of its assets in India to raise part of the money in question.
Initially he was granted interim bail by the Supreme Court on 26 March 2014 on condition of depositing ₹10,000 crore to the market regulator SEBI. His deposit of ₹10,000 crore was not made. As of August 2014, Roy was trying to sell some of his hotel properties to raise enough money. Roy was granted his first bail in May 2017 for four weeks to perform the last rites for his deceased mother, later extended to 24 October. From that time on he was successful in getting his bail extended on various grounds. As of 31 January 2019, Sahara still had to pay ₹10,621 crore to meet its total liability.
Roy claimed that the company's fundamentals were intact and assets were greater (3 to 5 times) than the liabilities. Sahara also deposited ₹22,500 crores, of which it has been surmised will in due course of justice come back to Sahara India as it has already repaid 95% of its investors. 
The Securities And Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has repaid only ₹64 crore to the investors since 2012. It has also been reported that Sahara has paid ₹725.97 crore as TDS (tax deducted at source) to the Income Tax Departments on the interest which along with investment was repaid to 95 percent of the investors, between 2009–2010 and 2012–2013. The income tax authorities had found that the beneficiary investors were existent and accordingly confirmed the repayments made in those particular years. One of Sahara's arguments in the apex court revolves around the fact that if one government body has found investors, why the other cannot do so.
On 28 August 2020, two petitions were filed against the release of the Netflix documentary Bad Boy Billionaires: India in the Bihar District Court. The Bihar Court passed an interim stay order on the petition filed by Roy against the release of the documentary on the Netflix platform. Following the stay order by the Bihar court, Netflix threatened to move the Supreme Court against the court order for restraining the documentary release.
On 5 October 2020, Netflix released three out of four films in the anthology, including those featuring Vijay Mallya ("The King of Good Times"), Nirav Modi ("Diamonds Aren't Forever"), and Subrata Roy ("The World's Biggest Family"), while the final episode about Ramalinga Raju remained encumbered by legal injunctions and as of December 2020 has yet to be released.
In 2013, Sahara contributed to the relief efforts in flood hit Uttarakhand region wherein one lakh bottles of drinking water, packaged juice and food packets along with candles and match boxes were said to be provided by them. There were 25 medical health unit vans equipped with doctors and free medicines made available and it was said by the group that, they will contribute to the rehabilitation programme by constructing 10,000 pre-fabricated houses.
Roy died due to cardiorespiratory arrest following an extended battle with complications arising from metastatic malignancy, hypertension and diabetes on 14 November 2023, at age 75. He had been admitted to Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital & Medical Research Institute in Mumbai on 12 November following a decline in health.
Roy received an honorary doctorate in business leadership from the University of East London in 2013, a Business Icon of the Year award at the Powerbrands Hall of Fame Awards in London in 2011 and was the ITA – TV Icon of the Year in 2007. He received the Global Leadership Award in 2004.
- "Subrata Roy passes away: Bollywood celebs pay tribute to Saharashri, remember his film connect". The Indian Express. 15 November 2023. Retrieved 17 November 2023.
- Tamal, Bandyopadhyay (June 2014). Sahara: The Untold Story (1 ed.). Delhi, India: Jaico Publishers. Archived from the original on 11 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- "Sahara's Subrata Roy is planning a comeback and high on his priority is online education". Firstpost. 21 October 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "I Hope To Spend My Birthday With You: Sahara Chief". Forbes India. 30 May 2015. Archived from the original on 29 March 2023. Retrieved 16 November 2023.
- "India's Sahara Group". thedailystar.com. 24 May 2012. Archived from the original on 3 September 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- বাঙ্গালীর বিত্ত সাধনা সাহারার ইতিকথা, (Bangalir Vitta Sadhana: Saharar Itikatha), Mani Shankar Mukherjee, 2003
- "Subroto Roy Biography". mapsofindia.com. 23 February 2011. Archived from the original on 15 January 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- "Subrata Roy". timesofindia.com. 10 July 2003. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2004.
- "Sahara India". newagebd.com. 24 May 2012. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Subrata Roy Sahara An incredible journey From Gorakhpur to Lucknow". Leader Biography. 15 March 2019. Archived from the original on 9 November 2021. Retrieved 9 November 2021.
- "Owner of Pune Warriors runs Sahara India Pariwar as managing worker". The Australian. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "Subrata Roy Sahara". businessweek.com. Retrieved 12 September 2011.[dead link]
- "Sahara chief, money all safe and well". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "RBI eases pressure on Sahara, Peerless, Sugata Ghosh, TNN 18 May 2005". Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Rai, Manmohan (1 March 2014). "Subrata Roy, Sahara chief, has friends across political, glamour spectrum". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Sahara India launches 3 news weeklies PTI 11 May 2003". Archived from the original on 28 September 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "Sale of Plaza Hotel had to happen". New York Post. 18 November 2013. Archived from the original on 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Thirani, Neha (August 2012). "Indian Conglomerate Buys New York's Plaza Hotel". India Ink. Archived from the original on 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Sahara India under PF Department's scanner; the company asked to submit all employee details, Vikas Dhoot, ET Bureau 12 Jan 2013". Archived from the original on 12 March 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "Sahara's phantom investors: Why Subrata Roy's numbers don't add up – Firstpost". www.firstpost.com. March 2014. Archived from the original on 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Sahara eyes slice of online education sector". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 November 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Subrata Roy's Sahara enters automobile sector; to offer wide range of EVs". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 4 June 2019. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
- "Subrata Roy's Sahara enters EV market: Sahara Evols to sell electric two, three-wheelers and cargo vehicles". The Financial Express. 4 June 2019. Archived from the original on 15 February 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
- "Subrata Roy Sahara surrenders before Police in Lucknow". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Archived from the original on 6 April 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Roy, Subrata (28 February 2014). "Profile of Subrata Roy". Profile. BBC. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "Supreme Court again rejects Sahara chief Roy's bail plea". IN. Reuters Editorial. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Sahara's Subrata Roy blames troubles on comment about Sonia Gandhi". 29 November 2013. Archived from the original on 18 January 2022. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
- "SC grants conditional bail to Sahara chief Subrata Roy". The Times of India. 26 March 2014. Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Supreme Court again rejects Sahara chief Roy's bail plea". Reuters. 4 June 2014. Archived from the original on 21 February 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "From Tihar jail, Sahara chief Subrata Roy tries to sell the New York Plaza". The Times of India. 10 August 2014. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "SC extends Subrata Roy's interim bail till October 24". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 23 May 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Mittal, Priyanka (31 January 2019). "SC summons Subrata Roy over unpaid dues". Mint. Archived from the original on 10 July 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- "Assets of Sahara exceed liabilities, says Subrata". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 3 August 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "'Sahara has repaid 95% investors'". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 4 August 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Subrata Roy Says Sahara Had to Make Double Payment For A Single Liability". Bloomberg Quint. Archived from the original on 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Ohri, Raghav. "Netflix | Bad Boy Billionaires: Netflix to move SC against Bihar court order restraining use of Subrata Roy's name in 'Bad Boy Billionaires'". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 23 July 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
- Ohri, Raghav. "Netflix releases all episodes of 'Bad Boy Billionaires' except the final episode about Ramalinga Raju". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 12 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- "Sahara joins Uttarakhand relief work". The Times of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 24 June 2013. Archived from the original on 1 July 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- "Subrata Roy Sahara – ex PM Vajpayee thanks Sahara India Pariwar". YouTube. Archived from the original on 22 December 2021.
- Ankita (18 February 2019). "Sahara India Pariwar's Mumbai hotel joins hands with Feeding India as a CSR initiative". Cross Barriers. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
- "Subrata Roy, founder of Sahara Group, dies at 75 after prolonged illness". India Today. 15 November 2023.
- "Sahara Group chief Subrata Roy dies of cardiac arrest, Sahara India Pariwar mourns loss". Livemint. 14 November 2023. Retrieved 14 November 2023.
- "How Subrata Roy Started Sahara Group With Just Rs 2,000 And Built Business Empire: An Inspiring Story". India.com.
- "UK university confers honorary doctorate on Subrata Roy". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 10 July 2013. Archived from the original on 7 April 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Grand launch of Powerbrand". indianfoline.com. 15 December 2011. Archived from the original on 29 January 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
- "The Global Leadership Award". indianbillgates.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "The ITA Awards » The Indian Television Academy Awards". The Indian Television Academy. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
- "Mithila varsity confers D Litt on Subrata Roy". The Times of India. 17 May 2011. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- Malik, Ashok (3 February 2003). "The high and mighty: 50 most powerful people in India". India Today. Archived from the original on 29 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
- "India Today High and Mighty power list 2012: Rank 7 to 12". India Today. 7 April 2012. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.