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Ratnagiri

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Ratnagiri
Thibaw Palace
Thibaw Palace
Ratnagiri is located in Maharashtra
Ratnagiri
Ratnagiri
Ratnagiri is located in India
Ratnagiri
Ratnagiri
Coordinates: 16°59′40″N 73°18′00″E / 16.99444°N 73.30000°E / 16.99444; 73.30000
Country India
State Maharashtra
RegionKonkan Division
DistrictRatnagiri
Government
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • BodyRatnagiri Municipal council
 • RankCity
Elevation
11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total327,120
Demonym(s)Ratnagirikar, Ratnakar, Girikar
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
415612, 415639
Telephone code02352
ISO 3166 codeIN-MH
Vehicle registrationMH-08
Websitewww.ratnagiri.nic.in
Bhagwati temple

Ratnagiri (IAST:Ratnāgirī ; [ɾət̪n̪aːɡiɾiː]) is a port city on the Arabian Sea coast in Ratnagiri District[2] in southwestern Maharashtra, India. The district is part of Konkan division of Maharashtra. The city is known for the Hapus or Alphonso mangoes. Ratnagiri is the birthplace of Indian independence activist Lokmanya Tilak.[3] Thibaw, the last king of Burma, alongside his consort Supayalat and two infant daughters were exiled to a two-storied brick mansion in Ratnagiri.[4] The building is now known as Thibaw Palace. This place has many villages like Karla, Rajiwada, Mirkarwada, etc.

Geography

Ratnagiri is located at 16°59′N 73°18′E / 16.98°N 73.3°E / 16.98; 73.3.[5] It has an average elevation of 11 meters (36 feet). The Sahyadri mountains border Ratnagiri to the east

Climate

Climate data for Ratnagiri (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.0
(98.6)
39.0
(102.2)
40.6
(105.1)
37.5
(99.5)
37.8
(100.0)
39.0
(102.2)
32.8
(91.0)
34.2
(93.6)
35.7
(96.3)
37.5
(99.5)
38.1
(100.6)
36.7
(98.1)
40.6
(105.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 31.7
(89.1)
31.5
(88.7)
31.8
(89.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.9
(91.2)
30.5
(86.9)
29.0
(84.2)
28.6
(83.5)
29.4
(84.9)
32.2
(90.0)
33.6
(92.5)
32.8
(91.0)
31.3
(88.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
19.4
(66.9)
21.9
(71.4)
24.5
(76.1)
26.2
(79.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
23.5
(74.3)
22.0
(71.6)
20.2
(68.4)
22.8
(73.0)
Record low °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
11.6
(52.9)
14.4
(57.9)
16.1
(61.0)
21.4
(70.5)
19.2
(66.6)
18.4
(65.1)
21.1
(70.0)
20.4
(68.7)
17.7
(63.9)
15.4
(59.7)
13.5
(56.3)
11.6
(52.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.3
(0.01)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.01)
1.4
(0.06)
38.3
(1.51)
901.8
(35.50)
1,041.7
(41.01)
678.1
(26.70)
416.4
(16.39)
149.4
(5.88)
15.1
(0.59)
2.1
(0.08)
3,244.8
(127.74)
Average rainy days 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.8 19.9 25.8 25.6 14.8 6.1 1.0 0.2 96.6
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 55 57 63 66 68 81 85 86 81 72 61 55 69
Source: India Meteorological Department[6][7]

Transport

Road

Ratnagiri is well connected to the other parts of the state and country by National Highways & State Highways. National Highways NH 66 ( PanvelEdapally ), NH 166 ( Ratnagiri – Nagpur ) and Coastal Highway ( Rewas – Reddy ) pass through the city. MSRTC operates bus services to Mumbai, Thane, Vasai, Nala Sopara, Kalyan, Bhiwandi, Pune, Panaji, Nanded, Latur, Tuljapur, Akkalkot, Ambajogai, Beed, Kolhapur, Gargoti, Gadhinglaj, Nrushimhawadi, Ichalkaranji, Sangli, Miraj, Tasgaon, Jat, Islampur, Satara, Belgaum, Hubli, Bijapur and other major towns of the state. North Western Karnataka Road Transport Corporation also operates buses from Belgaum, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Indi, Muddebihal, Sindgi, Athani, Jevargi and Talikota. A number of private buses regularly ply for Mumbai and Pune and a few for Kolhapur, Bijapur.

Railways

Ratnagiri is a major Railhead on Konkan Railway route. Ratnagiri is also one of the two divisions of Konkan Railway Corporation. The city is well connected to Mumbai, New Delhi, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Dehradun, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Bhuj, Indore, Jabalpur, Patna, Nagpur, Pune, Margao, Mangalore, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kanyakumari, Coimbatore and other major towns of the country. Every train passing through the city halts here. Connectivity to western Maharashtra is proposed through Vaibhavwadi RoadKolhapur route.

Collector and District Magistrate

DM Ratnagiri
Collector and District Magistrate Ratnagiri

M. Devender Singh (IAS:MH2011) has joined as Collector and District Magistrate, Ratnagiri on 01-10-2022 after the Previous Collector and District Magistrate B.N Patil got Transferred.[8]

Political Leadership

Ratnagiri Municipality :

The Ratnagiri Municipality was established in 1876.[9] The Office of the President of the Council was occupied by Mr. Pradeep Salvi of the Shivsena, before it got dismissed due to the completion of the Term. Currently the Office of the Council President remains vacant with the Administrator and the Chief Officer being in-charge of the Municipal Administration.

Ratnagiri (Vidhan Sabha constituency) :

Uday Samant (Shiv Sena), The Incumbent Cabinet Minister of Industries Uday Samant Government of Maharashtra represents Ratnagiri constituency in State Assembly since 2004, and has been appointed as the Guardian Minister of Ratnagiri.[10]

Ratnagiri–Sindhudurg (Lok Sabha constituency) :

Vinayak Raut (Shiv Sena) represents Ratnagiri-Sindhudurg constituency in Lok Sabha, lower house of the parliament since 2014.

Education institutes

  • Government College of Engineering, Ratnagiri
  • M.M.A.K. Desai High School
  • Navnirman High English Medium School(CBSE), Ratnagiri
  • Podar International School, Ratnagiri
  • Sarvankash Vidya Mandir
  • Gangadhar Govind Pathwardhan English Medium School (G.G.P.S)
  • College of Fisheries, Shirgaon, Ratnagiri (DBSKKV)
  • Government Polytechnic, Ratnagiri[11]
  • Indian Technical Institute (ITI) Ratnagiri
  • Finolex Academy of Management and Technology (An engineering college affiliated to University of Mumbai)[12]
  • Government college of Pharmacy, Ratnagiri[13]
  • Patwardhan High School, Ratnagiri.[14]
  • Phatak High School, Ratnagiri[15]
  • Late T.P. Kelkar Jr. college of Science Ratnagiri
  • Sacred Heart Convent Highschool, Udyam Nagar
  • R. B. Shirke High School[16]
  • Mistry High School, Ratnagiri[17]
  • M. S. Naik High School.[18]
  • Gogate Joglekar College[19]
  • St.Thomas English Medium School[20]
  • Rajendra Mane College of Engineering & Technology (Affiliated to University of Mumbai)[21]
  • Rajendra Mane Polytechnic[22]
  • A.D. Naik Urdu Medium School
  • Sacred Heart Convent High School, Ratnagiri.
  • Mane's International School
  • S.B. Keer Law College.
  • Jagadguru Narendracharya Maharaj Educational Institute

Marine Biological Research Station

The Maharashtra Government under the Department of Fisheries established the Marine Biological Research Station (MBRS) in 1958 at Ratnagiri, which is presently attached with Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, Dist.: Ratnagiri. The research station has a 10 hectare area as field facility including a three storied building at the main campus, a well equipped aquarium and museum, a modernised brackish water fish farm, a Mechanized Fishing and Research Vessel, Seed Production facilities and various laboratories at its disposal.

The Marine Biological Research Station, Ratnagiri is one of the premier institutes, especially in the South Konkan Coastal Fisheries Zone, having a mandate for development of fish production technologies, transferring the technologies to fish culturists, entrepreneurs and the industry, and generating professionally trained manpower in fish culture.[23]

3D Planetarium

A 3D Planetarium was inaugurated by Chief Minister Eknath Shinde on December 16 at Ratnagiri. It was built at a cost of Rs 11 crore 58 lakh.

This planetarium is the first active 3D planetarium in Maharashtra and fifth nationally.

History

Royal Thibaw Palace, Ratnagiri

Ratnagiri was an administrative capital under the Sultanate of Bijapur. A fort built by the Bijapur Sultanate, reconstructed by the Maratha king Shivaji in 1670 is located on a headland near the harbour. In 1731 Ratnagiri came under the control of the Kingdom of Satara, and in 1818 it was annexed to British India.

Ratnagiri is the birthplace of Indian freedom fighter Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He was born on 23 July 1856 after which he moved to Pune with his family when he was 10 years old.

In 1886, King Thibaw of Burma was sent to Ratnagiri after he was deposed and his country annexed by the British Empire. Along with his pregnant wife, his junior queen, and his two young daughters, he would live out the rest of his life in Ratnagiri, as a prisoner of the British Crown. Ratnagiri was chosen for its remote location, some 3,000 miles from Thibaw's former royal seat of Mandalay, accessible only by sea for parts of the year and far from any territory of any rival European power.[24]

Ratnagiri was also the place of confinement for Vinayak Damodar Savarkar from 1921 to 1935, initially in jail and subsequently under local confinement.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ratnagiri City Population Census 2011 – Maharashtra". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  2. ^ "RATNAGIRI DISTRICT 91 Poisonous" (PDF). 10 February 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  3. ^ Bhagwat, A.K.; Pradhan, G.P. (2015), Lokmanya Tilak – A Biography, Jaico Publishing House, ISBN 978-81-7992-846-2
  4. ^ Christian, John LeRoy (1944). "Thebaw: Last King of Burma". The Journal of Asian Studies. 3 (4). Association for Asian Studies: 309–312. doi:10.2307/2049030. JSTOR 2049030. S2CID 162578447.
  5. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Ratnagiri, India". Faiingrain.com.
  6. ^ "Station: Ratnagiri Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 663–664. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M152. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  8. ^ "District Ratnagiri, Government of Maharashtra | Famous for Alphonso Mangos | India". Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  9. ^ "gazetteer RATNAGIRI (Archived copy)". Archived from the original on 21 February 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2009.
  10. ^ "Guardian Minister Hon. Uday Samant inspected the damaged area of Chanderai | District Ratnagiri, Government of Maharashtra | India".
  11. ^ "Government Polytechnic". Gcopratnagiri.org.
  12. ^ "Finolex Academy of Management and Technology". Famt.ac.in.
  13. ^ "Government College of Pharmacy". Gcopratnagiri.org.
  14. ^ "Patwardhan Highschool – Ratnagiri". Patwardhanhighschool.com. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  15. ^ "phatakhighschoolratnagiri (Archived copy)". Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  16. ^ "Welcome to R. B. Shirke High School, Ratnagiri". Rbshirkehighschool.com.
  17. ^ "Mistry Schools". Mistryschools.com.
  18. ^ "Welcome to M. S. Naik Foundation, Ratnagiri". Msnaikschool.edu.in.
  19. ^ "Gogate Jogalekar College, Ratnagiri". Resgjcrtn.com.
  20. ^ "St. Thomas English Medium School – Forming a joyful generation next". Stthomasratnagiri.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  21. ^ "RMCET". Rmcet.com.
  22. ^ "RMP". Rmcet.com.
  23. ^ "Marine Biological Research Station – Ratnagiri District [Maharashtra State, India]". Ratnagiri.nic.in.
  24. ^ "The lost royals". BBC. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2018.

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