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Pyrus elaeagrifolia

Pyrus elaeagrifolia
Pyrus elaeagrifolia stem with leaves
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Pyrus
Species:
P. elaeagrifolia
Binomial name
Pyrus elaeagrifolia

Pyrus elaeagrifolia, the oleaster-leaved pear, is a species of wild pear plant in the genus Pyrus (Rosaceae), the specific name referring to the similarity of its foliage to that of Elaeagnus angustifolia - the so-called 'wild olive' or oleaster.

It is native to Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey, and Crimea.[2] It prefers dry habitat and elevations up to 1,700 meters (5,600 ft). It grows to a height of 10 meters (33 ft). The flowers are hermaphrodite.[3] The species is highly resistant to drought and frost. It is sympatric with Pyrus pyraster. The species was first described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1793.[4]

Varieties

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Known subspecies are: Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. elaeagrifolia (no accessions), Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. kotschyana, Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. bulgarica, and Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. yaltirikii.[2][5]

References

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  1. ^ Kell, S.P. & Wilson, B. (2018). "Pyrus elaeagrifolia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T173012A19400073. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T173012A19400073.en. Retrieved 20 July 2024.((cite journal)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ a b c "Pyrus elaeagrifolia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
  3. ^ "Pyrus elaeagnifolia - Pall". Plants for a Future. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
  4. ^ Hanelt, Peter; Büttner, R. (2001). Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 465. ISBN 3-540-41017-1.
  5. ^ Kole, Chittaranjan (2001). Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Temperate Fruits. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 149. ISBN 978-3-642-16056-1.
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Pyrus elaeagrifolia
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