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Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki

Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Inside the crypt of Hagios Demetrios
LocationThessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece
CriteriaCultural: (i), (ii), (iv)
Reference456
Inscription1988 (12th Session)
Area5.327 ha (13.16 acres)
Coordinates40°38′18″N 22°57′54″E / 40.63833°N 22.96500°E / 40.63833; 22.96500
Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki is located in Greece
Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki
Location of Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki in Greece

The city of Thessaloniki in Macedonia, Greece, for several centuries the second-most important city of the Byzantine Empire, played an important role for Christianity during the Middle Ages and was decorated by impressive buildings. Because of Thessaloniki's importance during the early Christian and Byzantine periods, the city contains several Paleochristian monuments that have significantly contributed to the development of Byzantine art and architecture throughout the Byzantine Empire and Serbia.[1] The evolution of Imperial Byzantine architecture and the prosperity of Thessaloniki go hand in hand, especially during the first years of the Empire,[1] when the city continued to flourish. Despite the capture of Thessaloniki by the Ottoman Empire in 1430, the Christian monuments were not destroyed, and travelers such as Paul Lucas and Abdulmejid I[1] document the city's wealth in Christian monuments during the Ottoman control of the city.

In 1988, fifteen monuments of Thessaloniki were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites:[1][2]

  1. City Walls (4th/5th centuries)
  2. Rotunda of Saint George (4th century)
  3. Church of Acheiropoietos (5th century)
  4. Church of St. Demetrios (7th century)
  5. Latomou Monastery (6th century)
  6. Church of St. Sophia (8th century)
  7. Church of Panagia Chalkeon (11th century)
  8. Church of St. Panteleimon (14th century)
  9. Church of the Holy Apostles (14th century)
  10. Church of St. Nicholas Orphanos (14th century)
  11. Church of St. Catherine (13th century)
  12. Church of Christ Saviour (14th century)
  13. Blatades Monastery (14th century)
  14. Church of Prophet Elijah (14th century)
  15. Byzantine Bath (14th century)

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessalonika". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  2. ^ "ΠΑΓΚΟΣΜΙΑ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΣΤΙΚΗ ΚΛΗΡΟΝΟΜΙΑ UNESCO: Παλαιοχριστιανικά και Βυζαντινά μνημεία Θεσσαλονίκης" (in Greek). Hellenic National Commission for UNESCO. Archived from the original on 27 June 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
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Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki
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