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Pakistan national cricket team

Pakistan
Nickname(s)Shaheens (lit.'Falcons')[1]
Green Shirts[2]
Men in Green[3]
Cornered Tigers[4][5]
AssociationPakistan Cricket Board
Personnel
Test captainShan Masood
One Day captainBabar Azam
T20I captainBabar Azam
CoachTest:Jason Gillespie
ODI & T20I:Gary Kirsten
Batting coachMohammad Yousuf
Bowling coachSaeed Ajmal (spin bowling)
Fielding coachAftab Khan
ManagerMansoor Rana
History
Test status acquired1952
International Cricket Council
ICC statusFull Member (1952)
ICC regionACC
ICC Rankings Current[11] Best-ever
Test 6th 1st (1 August 1988)[6]
ODI 4th 1st (1 December 1990)[7][8][9]
T20I 7th 1st (1 November 2017)[10]
Tests
First Testv  India at the Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, Delhi; 16–18 October 1952
Last Testv  Australia at Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney; 3–6 January 2024
Tests Played Won/Lost
Total[12] 456 148/142
(166 draws)
This year[13] 1 0/1 (0 draws)
World Test Championship appearances2 (first in 2019–2021)
Best result6th place (2019–2021)
One Day Internationals
First ODIv  New Zealand at Lancaster Park, Christchurch; 11 February 1973
Last ODIv  England at Eden Gardens, Kolkata; 11 November 2023
ODIs Played Won/Lost
Total[14] 970 512/428
(9 ties, 21 no results)
This year[15] 0 0/0 (0 ties, 0 no results)
World Cup appearances12 (first in 1975)
Best resultChampions (1992)
Twenty20 Internationals
First T20Iv  England at the Bristol County Ground, Bristol; 28 August 2006
Last T20Iv  Ireland at Central Broward Park, Lauderhill; 16 June 2024
T20Is Played Won/Lost
Total[16] 245 142/92
(4 ties, 7 no results)
This year[17] 19 7/10
(1 tie, 1 no result)
T20 World Cup appearances8 (first in 2007)
Best resultChampions (2009)

Test kit

ODI kit

T20I kit

As of 16 June 2024

The Pakistan national cricket team has represented Pakistan in international cricket since 1952. It is controlled by the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB), the governing body for cricket in Pakistan, which is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC). Pakistan compete in cricket tours and tournaments sanctioned by the PCB and other regional or international cricket bodies in Test, One Day International (ODI), and Twenty20 International (T20) formats. Pakistan are current ICC Champions Trophy holders.

Pakistan were given Test status in 1952 following a recommendation from India, but faced limited international success until the 1980s, when they became fixtures in the latter stages of tournaments. They won their first international trophy, the ICC World Cup, in 1992, and then won the Asia Cup in 2000. They saw increased success in the 21st century, winning the T20 World Cup in 2009, the Asia Cup in 2012, and ICC Champions Trophy in 2017. Pakistan won the first Asian Test Championship in 1999, and was the fourth team to win the now-defunct ICC Test Championship in 2016.[18][19] Pakistan have the second-highest win percentage in international T20 cricket (with a minimum of 150 games played),[20] the fourth-highest win percentage in ODI cricket,[21] and the fourth-best win-loss ratio in Test cricket (both with a minimum of 400 games played).[22]

Pakistan has been plagued by security concerns and domestic instability due to terrorism and the war on terror, restricting it as a venue for international cricket in the 21st century. Despite hosting the 1987 and 1996 World Cups (with the 1996 final played in Lahore), cricket was not played in the country after an attack against the Sri Lanka national team in 2009; Pakistan then played one-day games in the United Arab Emirates until 2016 and Test games in the UAE until 2019.[23][24] International cricket was resumed in Pakistan from 2016, which coincided with the debut of the Pakistan Super League, following improvements in security and overall reduction in terrorism.[25][26]

History

The match held between Sindh(Called then as Sind) & Australia in Karachi on 22 November 1935 was reported by The Sydney Morning Herald

Cricket in Pakistan has a history predating the creation of the country in 1947. The first ever international cricket match in Karachi was held on 22 November 1935 between Sindh and Australian cricket teams. The match was seen by 5,000 Karachiites.[27] Ghulam Mohammad was the captain of team Sind and Frank Tarrant was the captain of Tarrant's team. Following the independence of Pakistan in 1947, cricket in the country developed rapidly and Pakistan was given Test match status at a meeting of the Imperial Cricket Conference at Lord's in England on 28 July 1952 following recommendation by India,[28] which, being the successor state of the British Raj, did not have to go through such a process. The first captain of the Pakistan national cricket team was Abdul Hafeez Kardar.

Pakistan's first Test match was played in Delhi in October 1952 as part of a five Test series which India won 2–1. Pakistan made their first tour of England in 1954 and drew the series 1–1 after a victory at The Oval in which fast bowler Fazal Mahmood took 12 wickets. Pakistan's first home Test match was against India in January 1955 at Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dacca, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), after which four more Test matches were played in Bahawalpur, Lahore, Peshawar and Karachi (all five matches in the series were drawn, the first such occurrence in Test history[29]).

The team is considered a strong but unpredictable team. Traditionally Pakistani cricket has been composed of talented players but is alleged to display limited discipline on occasion, making their performance inconsistent at times. In particular, the India-Pakistan cricket rivalry is usually emotionally charged and can provide for intriguing contests, as talented teams and players from both sides of the border seek to elevate their game to new levels. Pakistan team contests with India in the Cricket World Cup have resulted in packed stadiums and highly charged atmospheres. The team is well supported at home and abroad, especially in the United Kingdom where British Pakistanis have formed a fan-club called the "Stani Army". Members of the club show up to matches across the country and are known to provide raucous support. The Stani Army also takes part in charity initiatives for underprivileged Pakistanis, including annual friendly cricket matches against British Indian members of the similar "Bharat Army".

Test cricket

Pakistan's first Test match was played in Delhi in October 1952 as part of a five Test series. They lost the first test by an innings and 70 runs. India scored 372 runs in their first innings and Pakistan managed 302 runs in combined both innings. However, it just took seven days to turn things around for the Pakistani's. In second Test match, Pakistan blew India away for 106 before Pakistan, with the help of Hanif Mohammad's 124, scored 331 in their first innings, taking a lead of 225. India were bowled out for 182, giving Pakistan a win by an innings and 43 runs. It was Fazal Mahmood's game as he took 12/94. India won the next match by 10 wickets before the final two test were drawn, which resulted India winning series 2–1.

Pakistan made their first tour of England in 1954 and drew the series 1–1 after a victory at The Oval in which fast bowler Fazal Mahmood took 12 wickets. Pakistan's first home Test match was against India in January 1955 at Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dacca, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), after which four more Test matches were played in Bahawalpur, Lahore, Peshawar and Karachi (all five matches in the series were drawn, the first such occurrence in Test history). In the same year, New Zealand toured Pakistan for their first series against them. They defeated New Zealand by an innings and 1 run in the first test and won the second test match by 4 wickets. The final test ended in a draw, resulting in Pakistan's first ever Test series win, with 2–0 margin.

In 1956 Australia toured Pakistan and played one test, which Pakistan won. They bowled Australia out for 80 in their first innings. Pakistan took a lead of 119 runs when they were dismissed at 199. Pakistan bowled Australia out for 187 in the second innings, giving the hosts a target of 68. Pakistan won comfortably by 9 wickets. Again, Fazal Mahmood was the chief destroyer, taking 13/114 in the match.

Pakistan visited West Indies in 1958 for a five-test series. Pakistan drew the first test. It was Hanif Mohammad's match as he saved Pakistan after they were bowled out for 106 in reply to West Indies' first innings of 579. Trailing by 473, Mohammad played the longest test match innings – a marathon 970 minutes for his match-saving 337. The next three tests went in West Indies' favour before Pakistan won their first match against them by an innings and 1 run. In that match, it was another Mohammad performance. This time it was Hanif's brother Wazir Mohammad who scored 189 out of Pakistan's 496 in reply to the hosts' 268. West Indies were bowled out for 227 in their second innings but the series went to them by 3–1.

Performance during the 1970s till the 1990s

From 1970 to 1979, Pakistan played over 13 Test series, which they won 3, lost 5 and drew 5. In total of 41 Test matches, Pakistan won 6, lost 12 and drew 23. They had a below par performance. But from 1980 to 1989, they did better. Out of 21 Test series they have played from that period, they won 9, lost 5 and drew 7. In terms of matches, they played total of 72 matches, winning 20 and losing 12 with 40 draws. In 1987, Pakistan went to India for five match series. It was Sunil Gavaskar's last test series. The first four test went draw but the final match was thriller. Pakistan scored 116 before India scored 145. Pakistan came back with 249 on board, giving the host a target of 220. India fell 16 runs short and the series was considered one of the best India-Pakistan series. In 1988, after West Indies tour where they drew 1–1 (3), Pakistan were rated as No.1 Test team. It was one of greatest moments in their history.

From 1990 to 1999, Pakistan did even better. They played 29 series, winning over 15 and losing 9 with 5 drawn. In terms of matches, they played 74, winning 40, losing 21 and drawing 13. In this period, the lowest point of for Pakistan came in 1998 where they lost to Zimbabwe 1–0 in three match series. The biggest moment came in Asian Test Championship in 1998 where they defeated Sri Lanka in the final by an innings and 175 runs.

21st century

In 2002, Pakistan participated in their second Asian Test Championship. It was originally planned to include all four Asian ICC full-members (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka). However, before the tournament started, India's participation was put in doubt. After defeating Bangladesh in the 1st Test to meet Sri Lanka in the final, they were defeated by them by 8 wickets.

A major controversy occurred in 2006 when the team toured England for a four-match Test series. England led the series 2–0 going into the final Test. In the first innings of that match, they were bowled out for 173 and Pakistan scored 504 in reply. In the second innings, after the dismissal of Alastair Cook for 83 off a reverse-swinging from Umar Gul, umpires Darrell Hair and Billy Doctrove called a halt to play as they adjudged Pakistan to be guilty of ball tampering. The ball was replaced and England was awarded 5 penalty runs. This event was the catalyst for the subsequent refusal to continue the match after tea by the Pakistan team. Based on the Laws of Cricket, the umpires declared Pakistan to have forfeited the game. The ICC later changed the result of the match to a draw, and subsequently reinstated the original result on 1 February 2009.

2010 spot-fixing scandal

The Pakistan cricket team toured England from 29 July to 22 September 2010. The tour consisted of four Tests, two T20Is and five ODIs. During the Test series, Pakistan lost the first two Test by 354 runs and 9 wickets. They came back to win the third Test by 4 wickets. However, in the fourth Test, the spot-fixing took place. On the third day of the 4th Test, British newspaper News of the World published a story with allegations that an agent loosely affiliated with some of the Pakistani players (later identified as Mazhar Majeed) had accepted a £150,000 (US$232,665) bribe from undercover reporters for information that two Pakistani bowlers (Mohammad Asif and Mohammad Amir) would deliberately deliver no balls at specific points during the match. The third player was also caught. It was Pakistan's Test skipper Salman Butt, who was revealed to be the master mind of this case. On 1 November 2011, Asif, Amir, and Butt were found guilty for their part in the spot-fixing and were given prison sentences, ranging from six months to 30 months and now Amir played well.

Under Misbah-ul-Haq

After Amir, Asif and Butt were dismissed, Pakistan made Misbah ul Haq the new captain of Pakistan. In subsequent series against South Africa in the UAE he led Pakistan in tests. After resignation of Shahid Afridi as test captain and suspension of Salman Butt due to spot-fixing scandal, Misbah was preferred over Younus Khan, Mohammad Yousuf and Kamran Akmal as captain. Wasim Akram stated that although the decision was surprising, if Misbah bats and fields well everything else will go according to plan.

Former Pakistan coach Geoff Lawson stated that he believed Misbah has the best cricketing brain within Pakistan and he will do incredibly well in the plans for the captaincy Misbah hit back at those who criticised the decision to appoint him captain and stated that he should be given a chance to prove himself.

In Misbah's first series against South Africa in UAE 2010, he led the two match Test series to draw 0–0. Later the team toured New Zealand where they won two match Test series 1–0. Pakistan also went to West Indies and Zimbabwe for two Match and lone Test match. They drew 1–1 and won 1–0 over West Indies and Zimbabwe respectively. They also won against the touring Sri Lankan team, winning 1–0 (3) and whitewashed Bangladesh 2–0 (2).

One of the most biggest moment for Pakistan under Misbah's captaincy was when they whitewashed England, the then no.1 side, who toured UAE in early 2012. Mohsin Khan, the Pakistan coach, compared his team's whitewash against England to the 1992 Cricket World Cup triumph. "Today is like a dream come true," Mohsin told Sky Sports. "It's not a very experienced team but it's very talented. Today, the captain and all the players have proved they are one of the best in the world. It's a great achievement for the Pakistan team."

Against the South Africa cricket team in 2013 tour, they were badly whitewashed by the Proteas by 3–0 (3). In first Test, they were bowled out for 49, the worst in their history. That was considered to be worst performance against top side. At the same year, they also got their second defeat to Zimbabwe when Pakistan toured for two match Test series. The series was drawn 1–1. In early 2014, against Sri Lanka who toured UAE for 3 match series, Pakistan were down 1–0 after two match. In the final match, the first four days went nowhere until the early fifth day when Pakistan managed to bowl out the Sri Lankan cricket team for 214 and were asked to chase 301 in last two and a half session. Pakistan chased it down in 57.3 overs, the fastest chase in Test cricket history.

Another greatest performance from Pakistan is when they whitewashed the touring Australian cricket team. After beating Pakistan 1–0 in T20Is and 3–0 in ODIs, Pakistan were doubtful to win a two match Test series against the tourist. However, Pakistan won the matches by 221 runs and 356 runs. The win in the second Test was their highest winning margin against any opposition in their history. Also in the same match, Misbah equaled the then fastest Test match century off 56 deliveries.

Against New Zealand, who toured Pakistan for 3 Test match series. After winning the first Test, Misbah became Pakistan's most successful Test captain win 15 wins, taking over Imran Khan and Javed Miandad's joint 14 win record. The series went to draw 1–1 (3).

Another moment for Pakistan under Misbah was when Pakistan toured Sri Lanka and defeated them in three match Test series. There, it was the first time Pakistan defeat Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka after 9 years. And when England toured UAE for three match Test series, Pakistan defeated them 2–0 (3). As a result, they climbed to No.2 in Test rankings, also after 9 years.

Rise to No.1 in Tests

In 2016, Pakistan became No.1 Test team after their tour of England, where they drew series 2–2 (4). It was the first time since the ranking system were introduced, they were crowned No.1 and first time since 1988. It was another great achievement in Pakistan's Test history. They were also given Test mace in Lahore. However, their No.1 rank was short-lived, as their downfall began. After winning the series against the West Indies 2–1 (3) in UAE, Pakistan toured New Zealand and Australia for two match and three match Test series. They lost all five matches plus one lost against West Indies. They were down at No.5 in rankings. Misbah was considering retirement after the Australia tour but stayed till West Indies tour, saying he had 'one last job to do'.

Despite having major upsets in the southern continent, Pakistan were triumphant in the West Indies tour of 2017, having won the T20 series 3–1, the ODI series by 2–1, and winning a thriller in the 3rd test to seal it 2–1. This was Pakistan's first ever test series win in the Caribbean.[30] Misbah-ul-Haq and Younus Khan retired after, with the captaincy going to Sarfaraz Ahmed.

White ball cricket (ODIs and T20Is)

1986 Austral-Asia Cup (Champions)

The 1986 Austral-Asia Cup, played in Sharjah in UAE, saw a last-ball victory for Pakistan against their arch-rivals India, with Javed Miandad emerging as a national hero.[31] India batted first and set a target of 245 runs, leaving Pakistan with a required run rate of 4.92 runs per over. Miandad came in to bat at number 3 and Pakistan lost wickets at regular intervals. Later recalling the match, he stated that his main focus was to lose with dignity. With 31 runs needed in the last three overs, Miandad hit a string of boundaries while batting with his team's lower order, until four runs were required from the last delivery of the match. Miandad received a leg side full toss from Chetan Sharma, which he hit for six over the midwicket boundary.[31][32]

1992 Cricket World Cup (Champions)

Pakistani opener Yasir Hameed playing against Australia at Lord's in England

At the 1992 World Cup Semi-final, having won the toss, New Zealand chose to bat first and ended with a total of 262 runs. Pakistan batted conservatively yet lost wickets at regular intervals. With the departure of Imran Khan and Saleem Malik shortly thereafter, Pakistan still required 115 runs at a rate of 7.67 runs per over with veteran Javed Miandad being the only known batsman remaining at the crease. A young Inzamam-ul-Haq, who had just turned 22 and was not a well-known player at the time, burst onto the international stage with a match-winning 60 off 37 balls. Once Inzamam got out, Pakistan required 36 runs from 30 balls, which wicket-keeper Moin Khan ended with a towering six over long off, followed by the winning boundary to midwicket. The match is seen as the emergence of Inzamam onto the international stage.[33][34][35]

The 1992 Cricket World Cup in Australia and New Zealand marked Pakistan's first World Cup victory. It is remembered for the comeback Pakistan made after losing key players such as Waqar Younis and Saeed Anwar and being led by an injured captain Imran Khan. Pakistan lost 3 of their first 5 matches and were nearly eliminated in the first round of the tournament after being bowled out for 74 runs against England, until the match was declared as a "no result" due to rain. Imran Khan told the team to play like "cornered tigers", after which Pakistan won five successive matches, including the semi-final against hosts New Zealand and the final against England.[36]

2007 Cricket World Cup

The 2007 Cricket World Cup was one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history when Pakistan was knocked out of the competition in a shock defeat to Ireland, who were playing in their first competition. Pakistan, needing to win to qualify for the next stage after losing to the West Indies in their opening match, were put into bat by Ireland. They lost wickets regularly and only 4 batsmen scored double figures. In the end they were bowled out by the Irish for 132 runs. The Irish went on to win the match, after Niall O'Brien scored 72 runs. This meant that Pakistan had been knocked out during the first round for the second consecutive World Cup.[37][38][39] Tragedy struck the team when coach Bob Woolmer died one day later on 18 March 2007 in a hospital in Kingston, Jamaica. Jamaican police spokesman Karl Angell reported on 23 March 2007 that, "Mr Woolmer's death was due to asphyxiation as a result of manual strangulation" and that, "Mr Woolmer's death is now being treated by the Jamaica police as a case of murder."[40] Assistant coach Mushtaq Ahmed acted as temporary coach for the team's final group game of the tournament.[41] Subsequent to his team's defeat and the death of Woolmer, Inzamam-ul-Haq announced his resignation as captain of the team and his retirement from one-day cricket, stating that he would continue to take part in Test cricket but not as captain.[42] Shoaib Malik was announced as his successor.[43] Following his return to the squad, Salman Butt was appointed as vice-captain until December 2007.[44]

On 23 March 2007, Pakistan players and officials were questioned by Jamaican police and submitted DNA samples along with fingerprints, as part of the routine enquiries in the investigation into Woolmer's murder.[45] Three days after leaving the West Indies for Pakistan, via London, the Pakistan team were ruled out as suspects. The deputy commissioner of Jamaican police. Mark Shields, the detective in charge of the investigation, announced, "It's fair to say they are now being treated as witnesses." "I have got no evidence to suggest it was anybody in the squad."[46] A memorial service was held in Sacred Heart Church, Lahore, for Bob Woolmer on 1 April 2007. Among the attendees were Pakistan players and dignitaries, including Inzamam-ul-Haq, who was quoted as saying, "After Woolmer's family, the Pakistan team was the most aggrieved by his death."[47] After the World Cup ended, serious doubts were raised about the investigation, with increasing speculation that Woolmer died of natural causes. This has now been accepted as fact, and the case has been closed.[48]

On 20 April 2007, a PCB official announced that former Test cricketer Talat Ali would act as interim coach, in addition to his rôle as team manager, until a new coach had been appointed.[49] On 16 July 2007, Geoff Lawson, previously head coach of New South Wales, was appointed coach of Pakistan for two years, becoming the third foreigner to take on the rôle.[50] In the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, Pakistan exceeded expectations to reach the final but ended as runners-up, after losing the final to India in a nail-biting finish. On 25 October 2008, Intikhab Alam was named as a national coach of the team by the PCB.

2009 ICC World T20 (Champions)

In the final at Lord's, the home of cricket in London, Sri Lanka won the toss and elected to bat. The first over was bowled by Mohammad Amir. After failing to score off the first four balls – all short – Dilshan went for his scoop and mistimed it, resulting in him being caught at short fine-leg. Soon after this, Jehan Mubarak top-edged a delivery by Abdul Razzaq which went high in the air and was caught by Shahzaib Hasan, leaving Sri Lanka at 2 for 2.[13] Sanath Jayasuriya was able to stabilise the innings for Sri Lanka hitting 17 runs off 10 balls, however, Jayasuriya soon fell as he dragged a good length ball back on to the stumps. Mahela Jayawardene followed after edging a shot into the hands of Misbah-ul-Haq, leaving Sri Lanka on 32/4.[14] Sangakkara and Chamara Silva added further runs before the latter was caught by Saeed Ajmal playing a pull shot off the bowling of Umar Gul.[15] Shahid Afridi soon after, took the wicket of Isuru Udana with a googly which drifted into the right-hander, knocking the off-stump. This brought in Angelo Mathews, who along with Sangakkara took the score from 70/6 to 138/6, with 17 runs being scored off the last over bowled by Mohammad Amir. Sri Lanka finished on 138/6 from 20 overs.[16]

Pakistan started off well with openers Kamran Akmal and Shahzaib Hasan adding 48 runs for the 1st wicket before Kamran Akmal was stumped by Kumar Sangakkara by the first delivery of Sanath Jayasuriya.[13] Pakistan reached the target in 18.4 overs, with Shahid Afridi, who hit the winning runs, earning Man of the Match[17] while Tillakaratne Dilshan was declared Man of the Series for his 317 runs at an average of 63.40. Pakistan's win often cheered on by crowds of fans from England's Pakistani communities, marked its first world title since Imran Khan's "cornered tigers" had won the 1992 World Cup."We all know how important this World Cup was with so much happening in Pakistan," Afridi said. "The guys motivated themselves for this World Cup."

Shahid Afridi batting against Sri Lanka in the ICC World Twenty20 Final at Lord's in England

Afridi had a quiet start to the tournament with the bat but responded strongly with match-winning half-centuries in the semi-final and final. He also took 11 wickets in the tournament.

He said the support staff, including the head coach Intikhab Alam and bowling coach Aaqib Javed, played a role in shaping the team's victory.

"They all really worked hard with the guys and kept them united and close to each other, that's why we had success," Afridi said. Shahid Afridi was the man who won the heart of people of Pakistan

2010 ICC World T20 (Semi-finalists)

The 2010 World T20 was held in West Indies, where Pakistan was able to reach for the semi-final stage. Pakistan, Australia and Bangladesh were in Group A. Pakistan won the first match against Bangladesh by 21 runs. Salman Butt became the hero of the match with his 73 runs from just 46 balls. The second match for Pakistan was with Australia, where Australia won the toss and elected to bat. They scored 191/10 with 49 ball 81 runs by Shane Watson. In this match, final over of Australian innings was bowled by Mohammad Amir. He took a triple-wicket maiden and there were two run-outs, and eventually five wickets fell in the final over of Australia's innings.

In Super 8s stage, Pakistan lost to England, and New Zealand, only won against South Africa. They finished only behind England in Group E of Super 8s, reached to the semi-finals The semi-final for Pakistan was again with Australia, where they scored 191/6 with Umar Akmal's not out 56 runs. Australia had a good start, where Michael Hussey scored a match winning unbeaten 64 runs from just 24 balls. Australia scored 197/7 in 19.5 overs and won the match. With this match, Pakistan lost their defended World T20 title.

2011 Cricket World Cup (Semi-finalists)

Pakistan started well in the ICC Cricket World Cup, which was held in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, after beating Kenya, Sri Lanka (one of the tournament favourites) and bye a margin, beating Canada. Shahid Afridi clearly stated that his team is capable of qualifying for the Semifinals. After a huge loss against New Zealand, Pakistan defeated Zimbabwe by 7 wickets. After victory against Zimbabwe Pakistan cemented their shot at playing the ICC CWC 2011 Quarters. One of the highlights of the tournament for Pakistan was when they beat Australia, who were led by 3 brilliant pace bowlers, Brett Lee, Shaun Tait and Mitchell Johnson. However Pakistan defied the odds and defeated Australia, courtesy of a brilliant bowling display. This saw Australia's record win streak of 27 consecutive world cup games broken which saw them win every game between the 1999 world cup up until this game. In the quarter-finals they played West Indies. Pakistan were ruthless, as they emphatically won against the West Indies side by 10 wickets, due to another brilliant bowling display. In the semi-finals on 30 March, Pakistan had a match with its fiercest rival, India. India managed 260 after they batted first. Not having a good batting line-up along with a slow start to the chase, Pakistan were 29 runs short as India reached the final (India went on to win the final, by defeating Sri Lanka).

2012 ICC World T20 (Semi-finalists)

The 2012 edition of World T20 was held in Sri Lanka, where Pakistan grouped in Group D with New Zealand, and Bangladesh. They won comfortably against the two teams, and stood up as top of group D. In super eight contest, Pakistan first played against South Africa, where Pakistan won the match by just 2 wickets. next match was against India, which always given a much publicity by all over the fans. Pakistan bowled out for just 128 runs, where India reached the target with only 2 wickets given. Pakistan won their last Super eight match against Australia by 32 runs, where Saeed Ajmal performed well in the match by taking 3 wickets for 17 runs. Pakistan qualified for the semi-finals after superior net run rate than India.

The Pakistan semi-final was with the host-Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka scored 139/ with Mahela Jayawardena took the gear. Pakistan nearly chased the target, but wickets in crucial interval gave them backward. Skipper Mohammad Hafeez scored 42 runs and all the other batsmen not going well. The match was turned towards Sri Lanka with magical spell by Rangana Herath, who took wickets of Mohammad Hafeez, Shahid Afridi and Shoaib Malik. Pakistan lost the match by 16 runs.

2014 ICC World T20

The 2014 ICC World T20 was held by Bangladesh. The Pakistani team was in Bangladesh prior to the World T20, due to 2014 Asia Cup, which was held by Bangladesh. Pakistan played for the Group 2, with mighty oppositions. The tournament was a disappointing one for the Pakistanis, where they won 2 and lost 2, finished the group as third and disqualified for the semi-finals.

The first group match was with rivals India, which India won by 7 wickets. The next match was against Australia, where Pakistan scored 191/5 with brilliant batting of Umar Akmal. Australia had a fierce going with 33 ball 74 runs by Glenn Maxwell, but only managed to score 175. Pakistan won the match by 16 runs. The match against Bangladesh was a comfortable win by 50 runs. Pakistani opening batsman Ahmed Shehzad scored the maiden T20I century by a Pakistani. He finished with an unbeaten 111 off 62 balls. The crucial match was with West Indies, where the winning team would go through to the semi-final. West Indies won the toss and elected to bat first. They scored 166/6 in their 20 overs, West Indies scored 82 runs off the last 5 overs giving a fearsome hitting to the Pakistani bowlers. Pakistan's chase was unsuccessful as they were bowled out for just 82 runs. Pakistan was knocked out from the tournament with this result.

2015 Cricket World Cup (Quarter-finalists)

Pakistan started poorly in the 2015 Cricket World Cup. Their first match was against cricket rivals — India. India batted first and scored 300/7 with Virat Kohli scoring a century. After a poor start to the run chase, Pakistan's skipper Misbah-ul-Haq made a useful contribution of 76 runs but Pakistan lost the match by 76 runs. The second match against West Indies was a disaster. West Indies posted 310/6 on the board. In response, Pakistan lost 4 wickets for 1 run on the board, a first in an ODI match. The team was bowled out for 160 and lost the match by 150 runs.

Pakistan then won their next four games against Zimbabwe, UAE, South Africa and Ireland. Sarfaraz Ahmed scored Pakistan's only century against Ireland and was awarded Player of the Match against both South Africa and Ireland. The victory was Pakistan's first against South Africa in a World Cup match. Pakistan finished third in group B and qualified for the quarterfinals.

The quarterfinal match of Pakistan was against Australia. Pakistan scored 213 runs. Australia started steadily but wickets regularly fell during the middle overs. The match gained a lot of attraction due to the on-field rivalry between Australian all-rounder, Shane Watson and Pakistani pacer, Wahab Riaz. Wahab's spell was praised despite not picking up many wickets. Pakistan dropped catches during the first power-play and conceded many runs. The partnership between Steve Smith and Glenn Maxwell allowed Australia to win the match. As a result, Pakistan were knocked out of the tournament. The match was the final ODI for Pakistani's captain Misbah-ul-Haq and experienced all-rounder Shahid Afridi.

After 2015 Cricket World Cup

After the 2015 Cricket World Cup, Misbah-ul-Haq and Shahid Afridi ended their ODI careers. As a result, the captaincy of the ODI team was given to newcomer Azhar Ali. Under his captaincy, Pakistan played their first ODI series against Bangladesh. The tour was a disappointment and Pakistan lost all three ODIs as well as the T20 match. Clever bowling coupled with wonderful batting and fielding allowed the hosts to stroll past the visitors. This was Bangladesh's first win against Pakistan since the 1999 Cricket World Cup and first ever series win over Pakistan. However, Pakistan ended the tour on a positive with a 1–0 win in the two-match test series.[51]

Pakistan played a home series against Zimbabwe in May 2015 after 6 years. This was the first tour by a Test-playing nation since the attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team in 2009. Pakistan won the T20I series 2–0 and the ODI series 2–0 after the third match ended in a draw due to rain. During the Sri Lanka tour in 2015, Pakistan won the Test series 2–1, the ODI series 3–2 and the T20I series 2–0. The successful tour allowed Pakistan to qualify for the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy, removing West Indies from a place in the tournament. The series win pushed up Pakistan's ranking in all three formats of the game.

In September, Pakistan travelled to Zimbabwe for 2 T20Is and 3 ODIs. Pakistan won the T20I series 2–0 and the ODI series 2–1. As a result, Pakistan concluded their 2015 season rankings as 4th in Tests, 8th in ODIs, and 2nd in T20Is.

2017

Misbah-ul-Haq and Younis Khan, who had been the mainstays of the Pakistani batting line-up, announced their retirements from Test cricket (the only format they played at that time) at the completion of the West Indies tour 2017.[52] Pakistan won the T20I series 3–1 and the ODI series 2–1 in the same tour under the captaincy of Sarfaraz Ahmed. In his final Test series, Misbah made history by being the first Pakistani captain to win an away Test series against West Indies in West Indies. Sarfaraz Ahmed was announced as Misbah's successor. In his first series against Sri Lanka, who toured UAE, Pakistan lost both Test matches. It was first time in 10 years that Pakistan lost their home series, the first time they lost was against the Australian team and the first time in the UAE ever since it became Pakistan's adoptive home.

2017 ICC Champions Trophy (Champions)

The tournament did not start well for Pakistan, losing to their arch-rivals India by 124 runs. But as the group stages progressed the bowling attack improved significantly for Pakistan, winning games against South Africa by 19 runs, and a crucial game against Sri Lanka by 3 wickets. This set up a semi-final against hosts and favourites England, where Hasan Ali took 3 wickets to take Pakistan to their first ICC Champions Trophy Final, a highly anticipated re-match with India.

In the final before a packed house at The Oval, India won the toss and elected to bowl first. Pakistan's batting lineup made India question their decision with opening batsman Fakhar Zaman scoring his maiden One Day International century (114 off 106 deliveries), with major contributions from Azhar Ali (59) and Mohammad Hafeez (57*) pushing Pakistan to a total of 338. India lost their top order quickly with Mohammad Amir getting the key wickets of Rohit Sharma, Shikhar Dhawan and Virat Kohli. Resistance came in the form of Hardik Pandya, who scored a brisk 76. Hasan Ali, Pakistan's star find in this tournament took the final wicket finishing with figures of 3–19, leaving India 180 runs short of the target and handing Pakistan their first Champions Trophy. The margin of victory was the largest in an ICC tournament final.

Hasan Ali was named as player of the tournament. Pakistan captain, Sarfaraz Ahmed stated (after the opening match against India) "I said to the boys, the tournament doesn't finish here. Good cricket, positive cricket and we will win". After Pakistan's victory, they moved up from 8th to 6th in the ICC ODI rankings. The ICC Team of the Tournament had Sarfaraz Ahmed as captain, Fakhar Zaman, Junaid Khan and Hasan Ali from Pakistan.

After the 2017 Champions Trophy

Pakistan participated in the 2019 Cricket World Cup in England where they finished fifth in the round robin group stage and narrowly missed out on the knockout stage. They reached the semi-finals of the 2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup and the finals of the 2022 ICC Men's T20 World Cup , which they lost to champions England.

Pakistan participated in the 2022 Asian Games in China and the 2023 Cricket World Cup in India. On 5 October 2023, Pakistan became the first national team to play 2 international matches on the same day; vs Afghanistan in the Asian Games and vs Netherlands in the World Cup. They lost the match to Afghanistan to be pushed out of the gold medal match and play onward to the Bronze medal match; they won the World Cup match against Netherlands to progress in the World Cup.

Pakistan was defeated by Bangladesh in the Bronze Medal match to finish fourth in the 2022 Asian Games.

Pakistan finished 5th in the 2023 Cricket World Cup, losing 5 of their 9 matches and narrowly missing out on the semi finals.[53]

Governing body

The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) is responsible for all first class and Test cricket played in Pakistan and by the Pakistan cricket team. It was admitted to the International Cricket Council in July 1953. The corporation has been run by former cricketers, professional administrators and trustees, who are often respected businessmen. The Board governs a network of teams sponsored by corporations and banks, city associations and clubs including advertising, broadcasting rights and internet partners.[54]

The PCB's experiment with the Twenty20 cricket model has also proven popular and hopes to similarly revive popular interest in domestic games, which it did. The PCB also set up major domestic competitions such as the Quaid-i-Azam Trophy, the Faysal Bank T20 Cup,[55] the Pakistan Super League and the National Twenty20 Cup.

Tournament history

A red box around the year indicates tournaments played within Pakistan

ICC World Test Championship

ICC World Test Championship record
Year League stage Final Host Final Final Position
Pos Matches Ded PC Pts PCT
P W L D T
2019-21[56] 6/9 12 4 5 3 0 0 660 286 43.3 Rose Bowl, Southampton DNQ 6th
2021-23 7/9 14 4 6 4 0 0 168 64 38.09 The Oval, London DNQ 7th

ICC Cricket World Cup

World Cup record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR Squad
England 1975 Group Stage 5/8 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
England 1979 Semi-finals 3/8 4 2 2 0 0 Squad
England Wales 1983 Semi-finals 4/8 7 3 4 0 0 Squad
India Pakistan 1987 Semi-finals 4/8 7 5 2 0 0 Squad
Australia New Zealand 1992 Champions 1/9 10 6 3 0 1 Squad
India Pakistan Sri Lanka 1996 Quarter-finals 6/12 6 4 2 0 0 Squad
England Wales Scotland Netherlands Republic of Ireland 1999 Runners-up 2/12 10 6 4 0 0 Squad
South Africa Zimbabwe Kenya 2003 Group Stage 10/14[57] 6 2 3 0 1 Squad
Cricket West Indies 2007 Group Stage 10/16[57] 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
India Sri Lanka Bangladesh 2011 Semi-finals 3/14[57] 8 6 2 0 0 Squad
Australia New Zealand 2015 Quarter-finals 6/14[57] 7 4 3 0 0 Squad
England Wales 2019 Group Stage 5/10[57] 9 5 3 0 1 Squad
India 2023 Group Stage 5/10 9 4 5 0 0 Squad
South Africa Zimbabwe Namibia 2027 TBA
India Bangladesh 2031
Total 13/13 1 Title 89 49 37 0 3

ICC T20 World Cup

T20 World Cup record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR Squad
South Africa 2007 Runners-up 2/12 7 5 1 1 0 Squad
England 2009 Champions 1/12 7 5 2 0 0 Squad
Cricket West Indies 2010 Semi-finals 4/12 6 2 4 0 0 Squad
Sri Lanka 2012 Semi-finals 4/12 6 4 2 0 0 Squad
Bangladesh 2014 Super 10 5/16 4 2 2 0 0 Squad
India 2016 Super 10 7/16 4 1 3 0 0 Squad
United Arab Emirates Oman 2021 Semi-finals 3/16 6 5 1 0 0 Squad
Australia 2022 Runners-up 2/16 7 4 3 0 0 Squad
Cricket West IndiesUnited States 2024 Group Stage 11/20 4 2 1 1 0 Squad
IndiaSri Lanka 2026 TBA
AustraliaNew Zealand 2028
EnglandWalesRepublic of IrelandScotland 2030
Total 9/9 1 Title 51 30 19 2 0

ICC Champions Trophy

Known as the ’ICC Knockout’ in 1998 and 2000

Champions Trophy record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR Squad
Bangladesh 1998 Quarter-finals 5/9 1 0 1 0 0 Squad
Kenya 2000 Semi-finals 3/11 2 1 1 0 0 Squad
Sri Lanka 2002 Group Stage 5/12[57] 2 1 1 0 0 Squad
England 2004 Semi-finals 4/12[57] 3 2 1 0 0 Squad
India 2006 Group Stage 8/10[57] 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
South Africa 2009 Semi-finals 3/8[57] 4 2 2 0 0 Squad
England Wales 2013 Group Stage 8/8[57] 3 0 3 0 0 Squad
England Wales 2017 Champions 1/8[57] 5 4 1 0 0 Squad
Pakistan 2025 Qualified
India 2029 TBA
Total 8/8 1 Title 23 11 12 0 0

ACC Asia Cup

Asia Cup record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
United Arab Emirates 1984 Group stage 3/3 2 0 2 0 0
Sri Lanka 1986 Runners-up 2/3 3 2 1 0 0
Bangladesh 1988 Group stage 3/4 3 1 2 0 0
India 1990–91 Did not participate
United Arab Emirates 1995 Group Stage 3/4 3 2 1 0 0
Sri Lanka 1997 3 1 1 0 1
Bangladesh 2000 Champions 1/4 4 4 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 2004 Super Fours 3/6 5 4 1 0 0
Pakistan 2008 5 3 2 0 0
Sri Lanka 2010 Group stage 3/4 3 1 2 0 0
Bangladesh 2012 Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
Bangladesh 2014 Runners-up 2/5 5 3 2 0 0
Bangladesh 2016 Group Stage 3/5 4 2 2 0 0
United Arab Emirates 2018 Super Fours 3/6 5 2 3 0 0
United Arab Emirates 2022 Runners-up 2/6 6 3 3 0 0
PakistanSri Lanka 2023 Super Fours 4/6 5 2 2 0 1
Total 15/16 2 Titles 60 33 25 0 2

Other tournaments

Other/Defunct Tournaments
Australian Tri-Series Commonwealth Games Asian Test Championship Austral-Asia Cup NatWest Series World Championship of Cricket Nehru Cup

Honours

ICC

ACC

Others

List of international grounds


Stadium City First Used Last Used Test matches ODI matches T20I matches Total matches
PCB Headquarters
Gaddafi Stadium[58] Lahore 1959 2024 41 67 23 131
Major stadiums recently used
National Bank Cricket Arena[59] Karachi 1955 2023 47 54 11 112
Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium[60] Rawalpindi 1992 2024 13 26 8 47
Multan Cricket Stadium[61] Multan 2001 2023 6 11 0 17
Other stadiums
Iqbal Stadium[62] Faisalabad 1978 2008 24 16 0 40
Arbab Niaz Stadium[63] Peshawar 1984 2006 6 15 0 21
Niaz Stadium[64] Hyderabad 1973 2008 5 7 0 12
Jinnah Stadium (Gujranwala)[65] Gujranwala 1982 2000 1 11 0 12
Sheikhupura Stadium[66] Sheikhupura 1996 2008 2 2 0 4
Jinnah Stadium[67] Sialkot 1976 1996 4 9 0 13
Bagh-e-Jinnah[68] Lahore 1955 1959 3 0 0 3
Ibn-e-Qasim Bagh Stadium[69] Multan 1980 1994 1 6 0 7
Pindi Club Ground[70] Rawalpindi 1965 1987 1 2 0 3
Southend Club Cricket Stadium[71] Karachi 1993 1993 1 0 0 1
Bahawal Stadium[72] Bahawalpur 1955 1955 1 0 0 1
Peshawar Club Ground[73] Peshawar 1955 1955 1 0 0 1
Ayub National Stadium[74] Quetta 1978 1984 0 2 0 2
Zafar Ali Stadium[75] Sahiwal 1977 1978 0 2 0 2
Bugti Stadium[76] Quetta 1996 1996 0 1 0 1
Sargodha Cricket Stadium[77] Sargodha 1992 1992 0 1 0 1
Pakistan's Women's T20 Cricket team won against England
Pakistan's Women's T20 Cricket team
Correct as of the conclusion of New Zealand's tour in 2024.

Pakistan women's cricket team

The Pakistan women's cricket team has a much lower profile than the men's team. For all national women's cricket teams, the female players are paid much less their male counterparts and the women's teams do not receive as much popular support or recognition as the men's team. The women's teams also have a less packed schedule compared to men's teams and play fewer matches. The team played it first match during 1997, when it was on tour of New Zealand and Australia and were invited to the World Cup later that year and in the Women's Asia Cup during 2005 the team came third place. During 2007, the team with face South Africa and later in the year travel to Ireland to play in the Women's World Cup Qualifier. The team also played at the T20 England World Cup, the team finished 6th place, beating Sri Lanka and South Africa in 2009.

Team colours

In Test matches, the team wears cricket whites, with an optional sweater or sweater-vest with a green and gold V-neck for use in cold weather. The team's official sponsors has been Pepsi since 1993 with its logo displayed on the right side of the chest, sister brand TCL on the sleeves, and the Pakistan Cricket star deployed on the left in test cricket. The fielders wear a green cap or a white (or green in ODI and T20 matches) sunhat, with the Pakistan Cricket Star in the middle. Also the helmets are colored green. Boom Boom Cricket signed a deal with Pakistan Cricket Board in April 2010 to become the kit sponsors of the Pakistan team; the deal ended at the end of 2012 Asia Cup.[78] Currently, as of 2019, Pakistan is sponsored by AJ Sports,[79] replacing CA Sports, which was the sponsor between 2015 and 2019.[80] As of 2016, AJ Sports returned as the kit manufacturer of Pakistan[81]. For official ICC tournaments, 'Pakistan' is written on the front of the jersey in place of the sponsor logo, with the sponsor logo being placed on the sleeve. However, for non-ICC tournaments and matches, the 'Pepsi' logo feature prominently on the front of the shirt . As always the Pakistan Cricket Board logo is placed on the left chest.

Former suppliers were CA Sports (2015–2019), Hunt,[82] Slazenger[83] and AJ Sports.

Former secondary sponsors were J., ParkView City, Easypaisa, Cool&Cool, Optel and Lay's.

Captains

Current squad

On 20 October 2023, The PCB published new central contracts for the Pakistan Cricket team, valid until 30 June 2026. The contracts went back to the previous format with the red ball and white ball categories being merged into one. Central contracts were awarded to 30 players in four different categories.[84][85]

This is a list of active players who are centrally contracted with PCB or have played for Pakistan in the past 12 months or has been named in the recent Test, ODI or T20I squad. Uncapped players are listed in italics.

  • Shan Masood's contract category was upgraded from Category D to Category B after his appointment as Test captain.[86]

Updated on 22 June 2024.

Key
Symbol Meaning
C/G The contract grade awarded by the PCB
No. Shirt number of the player
Format Denotes that the player recently played in the format
Name Age Batting style Bowling style Domestic team PSL team C/G Format No. Captain Last Test Last ODI Last T20I
Batters
Abdullah Shafique 24 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Lahore Qalandars C Test, ODI 57 Australia 2024 England 2023 Afghanistan 2023
Babar Azam 29 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Peshawar Zalmi A Test, ODI, T20I 56 ODI, T20I (C) Australia 2024 England 2023 Ireland 2024
Fakhar Zaman 34 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox Abbottabad Lahore Qalandars B ODI, T20I 39 South Africa 2019 England 2023 Ireland 2024
Iftikhar Ahmed 33 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Peshawar Multan Sultans D ODI, T20I 95 Australia 2022 England 2023 India 2024
Imam-ul-Haq 28 Left-handed Right-arm leg spin B Test 26 Australia 2023 Australia 2023 Australia 2019
Irfan Khan 21 Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast Faisalabad Karachi Kings T20I 80 New Zealand 2024
Saim Ayub 22 Left-handed Right-arm off spin Karachi Whites Peshawar Zalmi D Test, T20I 63 Australia 2024 Ireland 2024
Saud Shakeel 28 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox Karachi Whites Quetta Gladiators D Test, ODI 59 Australia 2024 England 2023
Shan Masood 34 Left-handed Right-arm medium-fast Karachi Whites Karachi Kings B Test 94 Test (C) Australia 2024 New Zealand 2023 England 2022
Tayyab Tahir 30 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Lahore Whites Multan Sultans D 66 Afghanistan 2023
Usman Khan 29 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Multan Sultans T20I 78 Ireland 2024
All-rounders
Aamir Jamal 28 Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast Lahore Whites Peshawar Zalmi D Test, T20I 65 Australia 2024 New Zealand 2024
Faheem Ashraf 30 Left-handed Right-arm medium Faisalabad Islamabad United D Test, T20I 41 Australia 2023 India 2023 New Zealand 2023
Imad Wasim 35 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox Islamabad Islamabad United T20I 9 Zimbabwe 2020 Ireland 2024
Mohammad Nawaz 30 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox Rawalpindi Karachi Kings B T20I 21 England 2022 South Africa 2023 New Zealand 2024
Mohammad Wasim 22 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium FATA Quetta Gladiators D ODI, T20I 74 New Zealand 2022 England 2023 New Zealand 2024
Salman Ali Agha 33 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Islamabad United D Test, ODI 67 Australia 2024 England 2023
Shadab Khan 25 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Rawalpindi Islamabad United B ODI, T20I 7 England 2020 England 2023 Ireland 2024
Wicket-keepers
Azam Khan 25 Right-handed Karachi Whites Islamabad United T20I 77 United States 2024
Haseebullah Khan 21 Left-handed Multan Peshawar Zalmi T20I 53 New Zealand 2024
Mohammad Haris 23 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Peshawar Peshawar Zalmi D 29 Sri Lanka 2023 New Zealand 2023
Mohammad Rizwan 32 Right-handed Right-arm medium Peshawar Multan Sultans A Test, ODI, T20I 16 Australia 2024 England 2023 Ireland 2024
Sarfaraz Ahmed 37 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Karachi Whites Quetta Gladiators B Test 54 Australia 2023 South Africa 2021 Bangladesh 2021
Spin bowlers
Abrar Ahmed 25 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Karachi Whites Quetta Gladiators C T20I 40 Sri Lanka 2023 New Zealand 2024
Noman Ali 37 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox Karachi Whites C 61 Sri Lanka 2023
Sajid Khan 30 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Peshawar Test 68 Australia 2024
Usama Mir 28 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Sialkot Multan Sultans D T20I 24 Bangladesh 2023 New Zealand 2024
Pace bowlers
Abbas Afridi 23 Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast Peshawar Multan Sultans T20I 55 Ireland 2024
Arshad Iqbal 23 Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast Faisalabad D T20I 35 Bangladesh 2023
Haris Rauf 30 Right-handed Right-arm fast Islamabad Lahore Qalandars B ODI, T20I 97 England 2022 England 2023 Ireland 2024
Hasan Ali 30 Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast Karachi Kings D Test, ODI, T20I 32 Australia 2024 New Zealand 2023 Ireland 2024
Ihsanullah 21 Right-handed Right-arm fast Peshawar Multan Sultans D 52 New Zealand 2023 New Zealand 2023
Khurram Shahzad 24 Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast Faisalabad Peshawar Zalmi Test 49 Australia 2023
Mir Hamza 31 Left-handed Left-arm medium Karachi Whites Karachi Kings Test 31 Australia 2024
Mohammad Amir 32 Left-handed Left-arm fast-medium Quetta Gladiators T20I 5 South Africa 2019 Sri Lanka 2019 Ireland 2024
Naseem Shah 21 Right-handed Right-arm fast Islamabad United B T20I 71 Sri Lanka 2023 India 2023 Canada 2024
Shaheen Shah Afridi 24 Left-handed Left-arm fast-medium FATA Lahore Qalandars A Test, ODI, T20I 10 Test (VC) Australia 2023 England 2023 Ireland 2024
Shahnawaz Dahani 25 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium Karachi Whites Multan Sultans D 28 Netherlands 2022 New Zealand 2022
Zaman Khan 22 Right-handed Right-arm fast Rawalpindi Lahore Qalandars D T20I 27 Sri Lanka 2023 New Zealand 2024

Pay grade

The PCB awards central contracts to its players which are pay graded according to the category of the contract. The contracts are valid until 30 June 2026. The categories received increases in salary from last year's contracts. Category A received a 202% increase, Category B received a 144% increase, Category C received a 135% increase and Category D received a 127% increase.[84] Players will also receive 3% of annual revenue from ICC, which will be paid over and above their monthly retainers and match fees.[84] Players' monthly salaries are as follows:[87]

  • Category A – Rs. 4.5 million
  • Category B – Rs. 3 million
  • Category C & D – Rs. 0.75 million – Rs. 1.5 million

Match fees

Match fees were increased in the new contracts. Match fees for Tests went up by 50%, ODIs by 25% and T20Is by 12.5%[84][87]

Coaching and managing staff

Position Name
Senior manager Wahab Riaz
Manager Mansoor Rana
Head coach Jason Gillespie (Test)
Gary Kirsten (Limited overs)
Batting coach Mohammad Yousuf
Spin bowling coach Saeed Ajmal
Assistant coach Azhar Mahmood
Fielding coach Aftab Khan
Physiotherapist Cliffe Deacon
Strength and conditioning coach Drikus Saaiman
Data analyst Talha Butt
Doctor Khurram Sarwar
Media and digital manager Raza Kitchlew
Security manager Irtiza Komail
Team masseur Mohammad Imran

Correct as of 9 April 2024[88][89]

Coaching history

Pakistan has been known for its high turnover of head coaches. In 2014 it was reported that Pakistan had changed head coach 27 times since 1992, with a number of coaches sacked midway through tournaments or series and several coaches serving multiple stints.[90][91]

Selection committee

On 24 March 2024, the selection committee was announced with Wahab Riaz, Mohammad Yousuf, Abdul Razzaq and Asad Shafiq announced as members of the committee. Additionally, the captain, coach and Bilal Afzal, the data analyst of the team were also appointed to the committee. There is no head of the selection committee, with all members sharing equal power.[92][93]

Records

Results summary

Matches Won Lost Drawn Tied No result First match
Test[94] 453 148 139 166 16 October 1952
ODI[95] 962 509 423 9 21 11 February 1973
T20I[96] 223 134 80 3 6 28 August 2006

Test record versus other nations

Opponent Matches Won Lost Draw Tied % Won First Last
 Australia 72 15 37 20 0 20.83 1956 2024
 Bangladesh 13 12 0 1 0 92.30 2001 2022
 England 89 21 29 39 0 23.59 1954 2022
 India 59 12 9 38 0 20.33 1952 2007
 Ireland 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2018 2018
 New Zealand 62 25 14 23 0 40.32 1955 2023
 South Africa 28 6 15 7 0 21.42 1995 2021
 Sri Lanka 59 23 17 19 0 38.98 1982 2023
 West Indies 54 21 18 15 0 38.88 1958 2021
 Zimbabwe 19 12 3 4 0 63.15 1993 2021
Total 456 148 142 166 0 32.45 1952 2024
Statistics are correct as of  Pakistan v Australia  at Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, 3rd Test, 3–6 January 2024.[97][98]

ODI record versus other nations

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied No Result % Won First Last
Full Members
 Afghanistan 8 7 1 0 0 87.50 2012 2023
 Australia 108 34 70 1 3 31.48 1975 2023
 Bangladesh 39 34 5 0 0 87.17 1986 2023
 England 92 32 57 0 3 34.78 1974 2023
 India 135 73 57 0 5 54.07 1978 2023
 Ireland 7 5 1 1 0 71.43 2007 2016
 New Zealand 116 61 51 1 3 52.58 1973 2023
 South Africa 83 30 52 0 1 36.14 1992 2023
 Sri Lanka 157 93 59 1 4 58.97 1975 2023
 West Indies 137 63 71 3 0 45.98 1975 2022
 Zimbabwe 62 54 4 2 2 87.10 1992 2020
Associate Members
 Canada 2 2 0 0 0 100.00 1979 2011
 Hong Kong 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 2004 2018
 Kenya 6 6 0 0 0 100.00 1996 2011
 Namibia 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2003 2003
   Nepal 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2023 2023
 Netherlands 7 7 0 0 0 100.00 1996 2023
 Scotland 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 1999 2013
 United Arab Emirates 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 1994 2015
Total 970 512 428 9 21 52.78 1973 2023
Statistics are correct as of  Pakistan v  England at Eden Gardens, 44th match, 2023 Cricket World Cup, 11 November 2023.[99][100]

T20I record versus other nations

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied No Result % Won First Last
Full Members
 Afghanistan 7 4 3 0 0 57.14 2013 2023
 Australia 25 12 11 1 1 48.00 2007 2022
 Bangladesh 19 16 3 0 0 84.21 2007 2023
 England 31 9 20 1 1 29.03 2006 2024
 India 13 3 9 1 0 26.92 2007 2024
 Ireland 5 4 1 0 0 80.00 2009 2024
 New Zealand 44 23 19 0 2 52.27 2007 2024
 South Africa 22 12 10 0 0 54.54 2007 2022
 Sri Lanka 23 13 10 0 0 56.52 2007 2022
 West Indies 21 15 3 0 3 71.43 2011 2021
 Zimbabwe 18 16 2 0 0 88.89 2008 2022
Associate Members
 Canada 2 2 0 0 0 100.00 2008 2024
 Hong Kong 2 2 0 0 0 100.00 2022 2023
 Kenya 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2007
 Namibia 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2021 2021
 Netherlands 2 2 0 0 0 100.00 2009 2022
 Scotland 4 4 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2021
 United Arab Emirates 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2016 2016
 United States 1 0 1 0 0 0.00 2024 2024
ICC World 3 2 1 0 0 66.67 2017 2017
Total 245 142 92 3 7 57.95 2006 2024
Statistics are correct as of  Ireland v  Pakistan at Florida, 16 June 2024.[101][102]

Batting

Test batting records

Name International career span Year set Record description Record Notes
Hanif Mohammad 1952–69 1958
  • 8th highest Test match innings
  • Slowest Test triple century
  • Highest Test innings on foreign soil
  • 4th highest Test innings by an opener

337 runs
970min

Hanif scored 337 runs against the West Indies in 1958, which was also the first triple century by an Asian cricketer, and at the time the longest innings by any batsman in terms of time spent at the wicket.

Javed Miandad 1976–96 1976 Only teenager to score a double century 19y 140d
Career 6th most Test double centuries 6
Career Only player to score a century in his 1st, 50th & 100th Test match
Career Only player whose career batting average never fell below 50
Career 16th most Test runs 8,832 runs Javed Miandad's record is also the 2nd most Test runs by a Pakistani
Taslim Arif 1980 1980 3rd highest Test match innings by a wicketkeeper 210*
Inzamam-ul-Haq 1991–2007 Career Joint 4th most sixes in an inning 9
Career 17th Most Test Runs 8,830 runs Inzamam's record is also the 3rd most Test runs by a Pakistani
Mohammad Yousuf 1998–2010 2006 Most Test match runs in a calendar year 1,788
2006 Most Test centuries in a calendar year 9
2006 Most centuries in successive Tests 6 centuries/5 Tests
Shahid Afridi 1998–2010 2004–05 Joint 5th fastest Test fifty 26 balls
2006 Joint most sixes off consecutive deliveries 4
Younis Khan 2000–2017 2009 5th highest individual innings by a captain 313 Younis scored 313 against Sri Lanka in 2009, becoming the third Pakistani to reach a triple century, and also attaining the third highest Test Innings by a Pakistani
Career 13th highest run scorer 10099 runs Younis Khan's record is also the most Test runs by a Pakistani
Career Joint 6th most Test hundreds 34 Test Hundreds Younis Khan's record is also the most Test hundreds by a Pakistani
2017 1st Pakistani batsman (13th overall) to reach 10,000 Test runs
Yasir Hameed 2003–10 2003 Scored centuries in both the innings of his debut test 170 & 105 Yasir Hameed, in 2003, on his Test debut he scored 170 runs in Karachi. This is the highest score by a Pakistani on debut. He also scored 105 in the second innings of the same match, becoming only player to do so after West Indies' Lawrence Row
Misbah-ul-Haq 2001–2017 2014 Fastest half-century 21 balls
2014 Joint second-fastest century 56 balls
2017 Most sixes hit by a captain in Tests 69

One-Day International batting records

Name International career span Year set Record description Record Notes
Inzamam-Ul-Haq 1991–2007 Career 6th highest career ODI runs 11,739
Saeed Anwar 1989–2003 1997 Joint 9th highest ODI innings 194
Shahid Afridi 1996–2015 1996 Third-fastest ODI century 37 balls Afridi scored his maiden century in his maiden innings in 1996, against Sri Lanka at Kenya. He was originally in the team as a bowling replacement for Mushtaq Ahmed, and walked out as a pinch-hitter up the order using Waqar Younis's bat
Career Most sixes in ODI 351 sixes[103]
Babar Azam 2015 – present 2017 Joint-third fastest to 1000 ODI runs[104] 21 innings
2018 Joint-second fastest to 2000 ODI runs[105] 45 innings
2019 Second fastest to 3000 ODI runs[106] 68 innings
2016–17 First batsman to score 5 consecutive centuries in one country in ODIs[107] He had scores of 120, 123, 117, 103, 101 in UAE
2022 Second fastest to 4000 ODI runs[108] 82 innings
2023 Fastest to 5000 ODI runs[109] 97 innings[110]
Fakhar Zaman 2017–present 2018 First Pakistani player and sixth overall to score a double century in ODIs[111] 210
Fastest to 1000 ODI runs[112] 18 innings
Most runs in 5 match ODI series[112] 515 runs

T20 International batting records

Name International career span Year set Record description Record Notes
Mohammad Hafeez 2006–21 Career 8th most runs in career 1,908
Shoaib Malik 2006–21 Career 3rd most runs in career 2,263
Shahid Afridi 2006–16 2010 3rd highest innings strike rate 357.14
Babar Azam 2016–present Career Fastest to score 1,000 runs 26 innings

Bowling

Test bowling records

Name International career span Year set Record description Record Notes
Wasim Akram 1984–2003 Career 12th most Test wickets 414

Akram also holds the record of most Test wickets by a Pakistani bowler

Waqar Younis 1989–2003 Career 8th-best strike rate (more than 2000 balls bowled) 43.4

One-Day International bowling records

Name International career span Year set Record description Record Notes
Wasim Akram 1984–2003 Career 2nd most ODI wickets 502 Akram's record was surpassed by Muttiah Muralitharan. Akram still holds the record of most ODI wickets by a Pakistani bowler
Career One of three bowlers to take 2 ODI hat-tricks The other bowlers were Saqlain Mustaq and Chaminda Vaas
Waqar Younis 1989–2003 Career 3rd most ODI wickets 416 Waqar also holds the record of second most ODI wickets by a Pakistani bowler
Saqlain Mushtaq 1995–2004 Career Fastest to reach 100, 150, 200 and 250 wickets
First spinner to take a hat-trick in an ODI
He has taken 2 ODI hat-tricks

Miscellaneous records

Name International career span Year set Record description Record Notes
Wasim Akram 1984–2003 Career First bowler to take a hat-trick in both Test and ODI Mohammad Sami (see below) has since taken a hat-trick in all forms of the game
Career Only bowler to take four hat-tricks Lasith Malinga has since matched and broken this record
Career 1st bowler to take 400 wickets in both Test and ODI Muttiah Muralitharan has since achieved this
Mohammad Sami 2001–present Career First bowler to achieve a hat-trick in all three formats of the game

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Bradburn was initially appointed as interim head coach for the 2022–23 New Zealand series; and was later given the job permanently on 13 May 2023.
  2. ^ Hafeez did not serve as head coach but was appointed director, a merger of the roles of director and head coach.

References

  1. ^ Nadeem, Roha (29 June 2017). "Mohammad Amir: Pakistan's raging phoenix". Archived from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
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Further reading

  • Oborne, Peter (2014). Wounded Tiger: A History of Cricket in Pakistan. London: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781849832489.
  • Heller, Richard; Oborne, Peter (2016). White on Green: Celebrating the Drama of Pakistan Cricket. London: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781471156410.
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Pakistan national cricket team
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