For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Order of Polonia Restituta.

Order of Polonia Restituta

Order of Polonia Restituta
Polish: Order Odrodzenia Polski
Commander's Cross of Polonia Restituta
TypeFive classes
Awarded forExtraordinary and distinguished service
Country Poland
Presented bythe President of Poland
StatusCurrently awarded[1]
Established4 February 1921
Ribbon bar of the Grand Cross
Next (higher)Order Virtuti Militari
Order of the White Eagle
Next (lower)Order of the Military Cross

The Order of Polonia Restituta (Polish: Order Odrodzenia Polski, English: Order of Restored Poland) is a Polish state order established 4 February 1921. It is conferred on both military and civilians as well as on foreigners for outstanding achievements in the fields of education, science, sport, culture, art, economics, national defense, social work, civil service, or for furthering good relations between countries. It is Poland's second-highest civilian state award in the order of precedence, behind the Order of the White Eagle.[2]

The Order of Polonia Restituta is sometimes regarded as Poland's successor to the Order of the Knights of Saint Stanislaus, Bishop and Martyr, known as the Order of Saint Stanislaus, established in 1765 by Stanisław August Poniatowski, the last King of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, to honor supporters of the Polish crown.



When Poland regained its independence from the German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Russian Empire in 1918, the new Polish government abolished the activities of the Order of Saint Stanislaus (Imperial House of Romanov) in the country, due to the claimed abuses of its initial rules by the Russians, who often awarded their version to those who - according to the dominant view in newly independent Poland - had been responsible for the destruction of Poland and Polish culture.[3]

Instead, the Order of Polonia Restituta was established on 4 February 1921 with Marshal Józef Piłsudski as first Grand Master, with the proclaimed aim of once again rewarding the noble values that it originally stood for. The Marshal awarded the first recipients on 13 July 1921. The order became Poland's main honour bestowed on foreigners, awarded by the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[3]

After World War II both the Polish government-in-exile and the Communist People's Republic of Poland, aligned with the Warsaw Pact, awarded the order, though the versions differed slightly. Despite communist control, the order's prestige remained safe and it was even given to many people who were hardly model communists. The order was saved from abuse as it was simply passed over in favor of more traditional communist awards. During this time, the Order of Merit of Poland became the favored award for foreigners.[4]

On 22 December 1990 the Polish government-in-exile returned the rights to its version of the order to the new Polish state. Invalid awards have been revoked and today the remaining communist versions of the order hold the same status as any other issues.

Succession debate


Founded by the Polish Republic on 4 February 1921[5] as a secondary award to the Order of the White Eagle, the Order of Polonia Restituta, or the Order of the Restored Poland, has been alleged as an intended Polish successor to the Polish Order of Saint Stanislaus.[6] The new Polonia Restituta order use the same ribbon as the old Saint Stanislaus order and their decorations are very similar.[3] The goal was to preserve the tradition of the Order of Saint Stanislaus and its association with Polish history while changing the name which had become associated with Poland's oppression under the Russian Tsars.[6]



Among Polish civilian awards, the Order is second only to the rarely awarded Order of the White Eagle. Historically the order entitled its recipient to a state pension. As such, nominees for the award are evaluated by a special committee responsible for upholding the honour of the order.

The Chapter (Kapituła) of Polonia Restituta is composed of a Grand Master and eight members appointed by the Grand Master, who serve five year terms. Upon becoming elected the President of Poland, the office-holder is automatically awarded the order and becomes the Grand Master of the Order Chapter. The names of new recipients are published in the Monitor Polski, a publication required to provide announcements of legal decisions to the public.

The Order of Polonia Restituta (Polska Odrodzona) has five classes, categorized according to the Constitution of Poland, Article 138, as follows:

Grand Cross


Order of Polonia Restituta First Class, Krzyż Wielki, the Grand Cross, referred to as the Grand Cordon.       Ribbon

Commander's Cross with Star


Order of Polonia Restituta Second Class, Krzyż Komandorski z Gwiazdą, the Commander's Cross with Star.       Ribbon

Commander's Cross


Order of Polonia Restituta Third Class, Krzyż Komandorski, the Commander's Cross.       Ribbon

Officer's Cross


Order of Polonia Restituta Fourth Class, Krzyż Oficerski, the Officer's Cross.       Ribbon

Knight's Cross


Order of Polonia Restituta Fifth Class, Krzyż Kawalerski, the Knight's Cross.       Ribbon


Grand Cross.
Knight's Cross.

The badge of the order is a gold Maltese cross enamelled in white. The obverse central disc bears a white eagle on red background, the Coat of Arms of Poland, surrounded by a blue ring bearing the words "Polonia Restituta". The reverse central disc bears the year 1918 (for the People's Republic of Poland version: 1944). It is worn on a ribbon, red with a white stripe near the edges, as a sash on the right shoulder for Grand Cross, around the neck for Commander with Star and Commander, on the left chest with rosette for Officer, and on the left chest without rosette for Knight.

The star of the order is an eight-pointed silver star with straight rays. The central disc is in white enamel, bearing the monogram "RP" (Republic of Poland) (for the People's Republic of Poland, "PRL") and surrounded by a blue ring bearing the Latin words "Polonia Restituta".

Class Grand Cross
(Polish: Krzyż Wielki)
Commander's Cross with Star
(Polish: Krzyż Komandorski z Gwiazdą)
Commander's Cross
(Polish: Krzyż Komandorski)
Officer's Cross
(Polish: Krzyż Oficerski)
Knight's Cross
(Polish: Krzyż Kawalerski)

Notable recipients


See also



  1. ^ "Orders and decorations". The Official Website of the President of the Republic of Poland. BBN Biuro Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego. Retrieved 30 December 2011. The following four orders are conferred...Order of the Rebirth of Poland (five-class)
  2. ^ "Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 15 listopada 2010 r. zmieniające rozporządzenie w sprawie opisu, materiału, wymiarów, wzorów rysunkowych oraz sposobu i okoliczności noszenia odznak orderów i odznaczeń". ISAP Internetowy System Aktów Prawnych. Warsaw: President of the Republic of Poland. 2010. Retrieved 2023-01-03.((cite web)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ a b c Shackelford, Michael; Meersschaert, Hendrik (1998). "Medals of Poland". The World War I Document Archive. Phoenix, Arizona: The Great War Primary Document Archive. Retrieved 14 December 2012. Order Polonia Restitua. Established on February 4th, 1923. Award for merit and acts of bravery. While technically outside the scope of this project. We include the Polonia Restitua as it was a newly created (1923) order to take the place of, and carry on the role of the Order of St. Stanislas (see above). The Order of St. Stanislas had been a native Polish Order, but had been so thoroughly associated with Russia -- the Russians awarded it generously -- that simply reviving it was unacceptable. Instead, the new Order Polonia Restitua was created, but using the same ribbon as the old St. Stanislas order (red with white side stripes) to carry on the tradition.
  4. ^ Prof. Dr. Zdzislaw P. Wesolowski; Colonel, South Carolina State Guard Reserve (1997), "The History of Polish Decorations", Polish Militaria. Scarcity Contributes to Value, The Militaria Collector's Exchange, archived from the original on 2011-07-22 – via Internet Archive, 2011-07-11
  5. ^ Hieronymussen, Paul (1970). Orders, medals, and decorations of Britain and Europe in colour. Translated by C.H. Colquhoun. Aage Struwing (Photos) (2nd ed.). London: Blandford Press. pp. 187–88. ISBN 0713704454.
  6. ^ a b Sabbat, Kazimierz, Mieczyslaw Sas-Skrowroński, Krzysztof Barbarski ; edited by Peter Bander van Duren (1989). Polonia restituta. Gerrouds Cross: Van Duren. pp. 42–47. ISBN 9780905715346. ((cite book)): |first= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Order of Polonia Restituta
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?