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National day of mourning

A national day of mourning is a day, or one of several days, marked by mourning and memorial activities observed among the majority of a country's populace. They are designated by the national government. Such days include those marking the death or funeral of a renowned individual or individuals from that country or elsewhere or the anniversary of such a death or deaths, the anniversaries of a significant natural or man-made disaster occurring either in the country or another country, wartime commemorations or in memory of the victims of a terrorist attack. Flying a national or military flag of that country at half-mast is a common symbol.

Sociologically, period of national mourning are understood "as instituting states of social exception during which state authorities enact ritual actions consisting in a sequence of choreographically staged performative acts meant to create a national community of grief in the face of what is framed as a socially meaningful loss."[1][2][3]

List

The following are lists for national days of mourning across the world:

Selected list of figures recognized

State officials

International days of mourning

A similar but rarely-used concept exists at the European Union-level and Arab League-level and are called a European Day of Mourning and Arab League Day of Mourning. The European Commission first introduced the concept on 12 September 2001, when a day of mourning was declared across EU member states for the victims of the terrorist attacks in the United States.[10] A second and third day of mourning was held in April 2010 for the victims of Smolensk air disaster in Russia and in November 2015 for the victims of the Paris attacks.[11][12] Arab League has declared days of mourning for four times until October 2023.[13][14] Besides, Other organizations such as African Union, Union of South American Nations etc also announced day of international mourning for several times.[15]

Remembrance events

While not the same as a national day of mourning, some remembrance events and protests are called a "day of mourning".

References

  1. ^ Rusu, Mihai Stelian (January 1, 2020). "Nations in black: charting the national thanatopolitics of mourning across European countries". European Societies. 22 (1): 122–148. doi:10.1080/14616696.2019.1616795. ISSN 1461-6696.
  2. ^ Rusu, Mihai Stelian (February 1, 2020). "States of mourning: A quantitative analysis of national mournings across European countries". Death Studies. 44 (2): 117–129. doi:10.1080/07481187.2018.1526830. ISSN 0748-1187. PMID 30526409.
  3. ^ Rusu, Mihai Stelian (July 2, 2020). "The politics of mourning in post-communist Romania: unravelling the thanatopolitics of grievable deaths". Mortality. 25 (3): 313–331. doi:10.1080/13576275.2019.1682983. ISSN 1357-6275.
  4. ^ "Past State Funerals". usstatefuneral.mdw.army.mil. Archived from the original on January 13, 2020. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  5. ^ Gwertzman, Bernard (September 13, 1971). "Soviet Announces Khrushchev Death in Cool Language". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  6. ^ Pearson, Richard (February 2, 1988). "George Malenkov Dies". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  7. ^ Sudakov, Dmitry (March 28, 2013). "Gagarin's death: Obvious mystery". PravdaReport. Archived from the original on January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  8. ^ Duranty, Walter (January 23, 1924). "Lenin Dies Of Cerebral Hemorrhage; Moscow Throngs Overcome With Grief; Trotsky Departs Ill, Radek In Disfavor". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  9. ^ "Когда и по какому поводу в России объявляли общенациональный траур. Инфографика". BBC News Русская служба (in Russian). March 28, 2018. Archived from the original on October 31, 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  10. ^ "EU: Ministers Express Total Support, Declare Day Of Mourning". www.rferl.org. Retrieved June 19, 2023.
  11. ^ "European Union officially mourns with Poland". euronews. April 12, 2010. Archived from the original on November 29, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  12. ^ "Press corner". European Commission - European Commission. Retrieved June 19, 2023.
  13. ^ "كونا : الجامعة العربية تعلن الحداد الرسمي لرحيل سمو امير الكويت - عام - 15/01/2006". March 21, 2009. Archived from the original on March 21, 2009.
  14. ^ "Arab Ambassadors in Japan mirror Arab League's three days of mourning for Gaza". Arab News. October 19, 2023. Retrieved October 21, 2023.
  15. ^ "Unasur declaró tres días duelo sudamericano por la muerte de Kirchner". www.ambito.com.
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National day of mourning
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