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Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains

Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains Ltd
Company typeSubsidiary
Founded11 October 1983; 40 years ago (1983-10-11)
FounderMario Illien
Paul Morgan
Brixworth, Northamptonshire
United Kingdom
Area served
Key people
  • Markus Schäfer [de] (chairman)[1]
  • Hywel Thomas [ja] (managing director)
ParentMercedes-Benz AG[2]

Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains (previously known as Ilmor Engineering and Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines) is a Formula One engine manufacturer, owned by Mercedes-Benz.

The company supplied Sauber during the 1994 season, McLaren from 1995 to 2014 and from 2021, Force India from 2009 to 2018, Brawn in 2009, the Mercedes factory team since 2010, Williams since 2014, Lotus in 2015, Manor Racing in 2016, Racing Point Force India in 2018, Racing Point from 2019 to 2020 and Aston Martin from 2021. Their engines have won ten Formula One Constructors' Championships and eleven Drivers' Championships. Beside those Formula One constructors, the company currently supplies road-legal engines for the Mercedes-AMG ONE sports car.


A 2004 McLaren powered by the Mercedes-Ilmor 3.0 litre V10

Ilmor was founded by Mario Illien and Paul Morgan in 1983, as an independent British Formula One engine manufacturer. The company name was taken from the surnames of the founders. It originally started building engines for IndyCars with the money of IndyCar team owner and chassis manufacturer Roger Penske.[3]

Daimler-Benz (later known as Daimler) acquired General Motors' 25% share of Ilmor in 1993. In 2002, Daimler increased its share to 55% and renamed the company Mercedes-Ilmor.[3] In 2005, it became the sole owner of Ilmor and renamed the company first to Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines, then to Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines. In December 2011, the company was renamed to Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains along with the renaming of Mercedes GP to incorporate the Mercedes-AMG sub-brand.[4]

At the same time, the small Special Projects part of the company, which between 2003 and 2011 had been contracted to co-develop, co-assembly, arrangement, preparation and tune up Honda's IndyCar Series engines, split away to become a separate company, owned by Mario Illien and Roger Penske. This new company, which is totally independent of Mercedes, is once again known as Ilmor Engineering Ltd.


Mercedes-Benz from 2010 onwards has also competed as a constructor as well as an engine maker.

In 1991, Ilmor entered Formula One as the engine supplier to the Leyton House team (formerly March). In 1992, Leyton House changed its name back to March and continued using Ilmor engines. Ilmor also delivered engines to Tyrrell Racing in that year. Powered by an Ilmor V10, March scored 3 points, and Tyrrell 8 points.[3]

Ilmor already had a good name in F1, and so the Sauber sportscar-team and Mercedes-Benz that were planning their Formula One entrance together signed a deal with Ilmor to produce racing engines for them. However, Mercedes stepped back from the project with the engines only carrying the slogan "Concept by Mercedes-Benz" and the engines were officially called "Saubers".

However, after an unexpectedly fast performance in 1993, Sauber convinced Mercedes to enter officially in 1994. In 1994, Ilmor also supplied the new Pacific GP team of Keith Wiggins with the old 1993 spec engines. Pacific only managed to qualify seven times in thirty-two attempts, although the engine was not implicated in this poor display.

Force India was a Mercedes engine customer.

Ilmor became the Mercedes's trusted engine builder partner and assembler to McLaren in 1995 after Ilmor decided to reposition its Formula One involvement by ceasing its independent engine supply program. The partnership took its first win at the 1997 Australian Grand Prix. Mika Häkkinen picked up Drivers' Championships in 1998 and 1999, and the team won the Constructors' Championship in 1998.[3] After a winless 2006 season, McLaren bounced back and won the Drivers' Championship in 2008 with Lewis Hamilton.

In 2001, Paul Morgan was killed whilst landing his vintage aeroplane at Sywell Aerodrome, Northamptonshire. This led to Mercedes-Benz increasing their financial involvement in Ilmor, with the company being renamed Mercedes-Ilmor Ltd.

The new Formula One regulations in 2014 saw Mercedes produce a hybrid 1.6-litre turbocharged V6 engine, which features both a kinetic energy recovery system and a heat energy recovery system. The Mercedes engine started the season with a clear advantage, with Mercedes-engined cars scoring the majority of the points.[5] Since the introduction of the new engine formula, Mercedes-powered cars have achieved pole position in 122 out of 208 races as of the 2024 Japanese Grand Prix, and have won 114 out of 208 races during this period.

In March 2020, in light of the delayed seasons due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and working with UCL Mechanical Engineering and Institute of Healthcare Engineering, Mercedes HPP announced that they would be making breathing aids to help keep patients out of intensive care. Mercedes HPP created a device within a week.[6][7] On the first day of production, Mercedes HPP manufactured 600 Continuous Positive Airway Pressure devices, with plans to increase this to 1,000 devices per day. These devices were being produced on machines that typically manufactured pistons and turbochargers for Formula 1 engines.[8] Mercedes would go on to win the Drivers' and Constructors' championships in 2020.[9]

Formula One engine results

Constructor Season(s) Total wins WCC WDC First win Last win
Switzerland Sauber 1994 0
United Kingdom McLaren 19952014, 20212024 79 1 (1998) 3 (19981999, 2008) 1997 Australian Grand Prix 2021 Italian Grand Prix
United Kingdom Brawn 2009 8 1 (2009) 1 (2009) 2009 Australian Grand Prix 2009 Italian Grand Prix
India Force India 20092018 0
Germany Mercedes[a] 20102024 116 8 (20142021) 7 (20142020) 2012 Chinese Grand Prix 2022 São Paulo Grand Prix
United Kingdom Williams 20142024 0
United Kingdom Lotus 2015 0
United Kingdom MRT 2016 0
United Kingdom Racing Point Force India 2018 0
United Kingdom Racing Point 20192020 1 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix
United Kingdom Aston Martin 20212024 0
Total 19942024 204 10 11 1997 Australian Grand Prix 2022 São Paulo Grand Prix
  1. ^ Table does not include results of the Mercedes engines which competed in 1954–1955 as these were not made by Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains.

List of Formula One engines and power units

Season Name Format Approximate peak power @ rpm
Including hybrid system where applicable
1994 Mercedes-Benz 2175B 3.496 L V10 537–563 kW (720–755 hp) @ 14,000 rpm[10][11] Built by Ilmor
1995 Mercedes-Benz FO 110 2.997 L 75° V10 510 kW (690 hp) @ 15,600 rpm[10][11]
1996 Mercedes-Benz FO 110D 540 kW (720 hp) @ 15,700 rpm[11]
1997 Mercedes-Benz FO 110E 550–570 kW (740–760 hp) @ 15,800 rpm[11][12]
1998 Mercedes-Benz FO 110G 2.998 L 72° V10 600 kW (800 hp) @ 16,100 rpm[11]
1999 Mercedes-Benz FO 110H 600 kW (810 hp) @ 16,200 rpm[11]
2000 Mercedes-Benz FO 110J 608 kW (815 hp) @ 17,800 rpm[11]
2001 Mercedes-Benz FO 110K 620 kW (830 hp) @ 17,800 rpm[11]
2002 Mercedes-Benz FO 110M 2.998 L 90° V10 630 kW (845 hp) @ 18,300 rpm[11]
2003 Mercedes-Benz FO 110P 630 kW (850 hp) @ 18,500 rpm[11]
2004 Mercedes-Benz FO 110Q 650 kW (870 hp) @ 18,500 rpm[11]
2005 Mercedes-Benz FO 110R 690 kW (930 hp) @ 19,000 rpm[11]
2006 Mercedes-Benz FO 108S 2.398 L 90° V8 560 kW (750 hp) @ 19,000 rpm[11]
2007 Mercedes-Benz FO 108T 600 kW (810 hp) @ 19,000 rpm[11]
2008 Mercedes-Benz FO 108V 560–600 kW (750–800 hp) @ 19,000 rpm[citation needed]
2009 Mercedes-Benz FO 108W 560 kW (750 hp) + KERS @ 18,000 rpm[citation needed]
2010 Mercedes-Benz FO 108X 560 kW (750 hp) @ 18,000 rpm[citation needed]
2011 Mercedes-Benz FO 108Y 560 kW (750 hp) + KERS @ 18,000 rpm[citation needed]
2012 Mercedes-Benz FO 108Z 560 kW (750 hp) + KERS @ 18,000 rpm[citation needed]
2013 Mercedes-Benz FO 108F 560 kW (750 hp) + KERS @ 18,000 rpm[citation needed]
2014 Mercedes-Benz PU106A 1.600 L 90° V6 turbo hybrid 630 kW (840 hp) @ 15,000 rpm[13][unreliable source?]
2015 Mercedes-Benz PU106B 649 kW (870 hp) @ 15,000 rpm[14][unreliable source?] Adapted for use in the Mercedes-AMG ONE[15]
2016 Mercedes-Benz PU106C 670 kW (900 hp) @ 15,000 rpm[16]
2017 Mercedes-AMG M08 EQ Power+ 708 kW (949 hp) @ 15,000 rpm[17][unreliable source?]
2018 Mercedes-AMG M09 EQ Power+ 750 kW (1,000 hp) @ 15,000 rpm[18]
2019 Mercedes-AMG M10 EQ Power+ 750 kW (1,000 hp) @ 15,000 rpm[14][unreliable source?] Badged as "BWT Mercedes" for Racing Point
2020 Mercedes-AMG M11 EQ Performance 764 kW (1,025 hp) @ 15,000 rpm[19][unreliable source?]
2021 Mercedes-AMG M12 E Performance 800 kW (1,070 hp) @ 15,000 rpm[19][unreliable source?]
2022 Mercedes-AMG M13 E Performance 800 kW (1,070 hp) @ 15,000 rpm[20][unreliable source?]
2023 Mercedes-AMG M14 E Performance

See also


  1. ^ "Board of Directors". Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  2. ^ "About us: Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains". Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d Tytler, Ewan. "Ilmor: Bowmen of the Silver Arrows". Atlas F1. Haymarket Media. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Company Details". Companies House. 30 November 2022.
  5. ^ Benson, Andrew (9 April 2014). "F1: McLaren can catch Mercedes says race chief Eric Boullier". BBC Sport. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  6. ^ Walsh, Fergus (30 March 2020). "F1 team helps to create coronavirus breathing aid". BBC News. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  7. ^ Sample, Ian (30 March 2020). "F1 team helps build new UK breathing aid for Covid-19 patients". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Design of new breathing aid developed by Mercedes to be made freely available | Formula 1®". Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Emilia Romagna GP Facts & Stats: Hamilton ties another Schumacher record while Mercedes re-write record books once more". Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Since 1994: Mercedes-Benz in Formula 1". marsMediaSite. Archived from the original on 21 September 2021. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Engine Mercedes • STATS F1". (in French). Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  12. ^ "McLaren Racing – Heritage – MP4-12". Archived from the original on 29 November 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  13. ^ Petric, Darjan (29 April 2021). "Mercedes didn't use full F1 engine power in 2014". MAXF1. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  14. ^ a b "How Long Do F1 Engines Last? | F1 Chronicle". 17 June 2020. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  15. ^ "New Mercedes-AMG One revealed: price, specs and release date". Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  16. ^ "Mercedes producing over 900bhp with more to come". ESPN. 6 February 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  17. ^ @ 15,000 rpmPetric, Darjan (5 January 2018). "How much power F1 engines have?". MAXF1net. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  18. ^ Saward, Joe (10 May 2018). "Mercedes F1 engine is a true modern marvel". Autoweek. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  19. ^ a b "Mercedes New Engine in 2021 with More 25 Horsepower – 'Party Mode Whole Race'!". 5 January 2021. Archived from the original on 16 December 2021. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Mercedes enters 2022 with extra horsepower through improved turbocharger". Retrieved 28 July 2022.

52°20′06″N 0°53′49″W / 52.335°N 0.897°W / 52.335; -0.897

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Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains
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