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Marneuli Municipality

Marneuli Municipality
მარნეულის მუნიციპალიტეტი
Tserakvi
Flag of Marneuli Municipality
Official seal of Marneuli Municipality
Country Georgia
MkhareKvemo Kartli
Administrative centreMarneuli
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyMarneuli Municipal Assembly
 • MayorKenan Omarov (GD)
Area
 • Total935.5 km2 (361.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[2]
 • Total107,824
 • Density120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Population by ethnicity[3]
 • Azerbaijanis83.8%
 • Georgians8.6%
 • Armenians7.0%
 • Russians0.2%
 • Greeks0.1%
Time zoneUTC+4 (Georgian Time)
Websitehttp://marneuli.gov.ge/

Marneuli (Georgian: მარნეულის მუნიციპალიტეტი, Azerbaijani: Marneuli Bələdiyyəsi) is a municipality in Georgia, in the region of Kvemo Kartli. Its administrative center and main town is Marneuli.

Mosque in Imiri
Khojorna church
Imam-Husein Mosque in Marneuli

Location

Marneuli Municipality is situated in south-east part of country near to border with Azerbaijan and Armenia. The size of the municipality is 935 km2.[1] Most part of its territory is located in Marneuli lowland (between 350 and 600 meters above sea level). The highest point is Garadagh mountain (1416 m.).

Geography and Climate

Marneuli municipality is located in the eastern part of Kvemo Kartli. Its administrative center is the city of Marneuli. Marneuli borders Bolnisi Municipality to the west, Tetritskaro Municipality to the north, Gardabani Municipality to the northeast, Azerbaijan and Armenia to the south. The central part of the municipality is surrounded by the accumulated plains of Marneuli. The Iaghluji highland forms the geographic northern boundary of the municipality, while the southern geographic boundary is shaped by the Babakari Ridge. The area of the municipality is characterized by a river network that flows from west to east into the Mtkvari bassin. The river Mtkvari flows along the eastern border of Marneuli. Other main rivers through the municipality are the Khrami and Algeti which join the Mtkvari river near the Azerbaijan border.

Flora and fauna in Marneuli are diverse. In the area beard grass, thorny steppe, sparse, floodplain and semi-desert vegetation are common. Widespread medlar, sea buckthorn, maple, Georgian oak, blackthorn, etc. In the forests are inhabited badgers, wild boars, white breasted marten and others. In Marneuli almost everywhere can be found reed cat, rabbits, wolves and others. Ornithofauna is also abundant in the region, where you will find pheasants, partridge, partridge, skylark and many other birds. In the Marneuli municipality there is moderately dry subtropical warm steppe climate, with hot summers and mild cold winters. The average annual temperature is 12 °C, 0-0.3 °C in January and 24 °C in July.[4]

Administrative divisions

Marneuli Municipality is administratively divided into 17 communities (თემი, temi) with 77 villages (სოფელი, sopeli). There is one city (ქალაქი, kalaki).[1] In 54 villages predominate ethnic Azeris, in 12 – Armenians, in 11 – Georgians.[5]

The municipality has relatively large villages, which would have been labeled a daba in other municipalities. The two largest villages Sadakhlo and Kizilajlo have more than 7,000 residents. The former district capital Shaumiani was downgraded from daba to village in 2014.[6]

Population

The population of Marneuli Municipality is 107,824 according to the 2021 estimate,[2] which is 3% increase from the last census of 2014 (104,300). The ethnic composition is 83.8% Azerbaijani, 8.6% Georgians and 7.0% Armenian. Small minority groups include Russians (0.2%) and Greek (0.1%). The population density is 115.3 people per square kilometer.

Population Marneuli Municipality
1897 1922 1923 1926 1939 1959 1970 1979 1989 2002[7] 2014 2021
Municipality Marneuli - - - - 48,970 Increase 72,155 Increase 91,054 Increase 99,867 Increase 124,332 Decrease 118,221 Decrease 104,300 Increase 107,824
Marneuli [8] - - - - 4,233 Increase 12,400 Increase 15,829 Increase 19,568 Increase 27,557 Decrease 20,065 Increase 20,211 Increase 23,604
Shaumiani (village) [9] 4,553 Increase 5,112 - Increase 5,587 Increase 6,804 Increase 7,117 Decrease 5,456 Increase 5,770 Increase 6,045 Decrease 3,630 Decrease 3,107 -
Data: Population statistics Georgia 1897 to present.[10][11] Note:[7]

Politics

Marneuli Municipal Assembly (Georgian: მარნეულის საკრებულო) is the representative body in Marneuli Municipality, consisting of 33 members which are elected every four years. The last election was held in October 2021. Kenan Omarov of Georgian Dream was elected as mayor.

Party 2017[13] 2021[14] Current Municipal Assembly
  Georgian Dream 31 27                                                      
  United National Movement 1 6          
  European Georgia 3
Total 35 33  

Economy

After the collapse of Soviet Union economy of Marneuli broke down in ways similar to other regions of country. Soviet economic policies employed people in industries that could not survive competition in a free market and encouraged industrialization in areas where it did not belong. The Marneuli area is littered with polluted and abandoned factories that are the remnants of Soviet economic policy. At present Marneuli is known as agricultural region. In 2006 Marneuli owned share 78% of tobacco, 11% of vegetables and 4% of meat production around the Georgia.[15] The largest employer in the Marneuli area is the Marneuli Food Company which bottles and sells items like pickles and ketchup.

Culture

At present in Marneuli it is functioning 87 state and 1 non-state secondary school, 4 college, 4 high education enterprises (university), 67 libraries, 2 theaters, 2 museums and 1 TV.[16]

Cultural Monuments

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c "Main Results of the 2014 Census (Publication)" (PDF). Census.ge, National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat) (in Georgian). 2016-04-28. pp. 339–344. Retrieved 2022-03-24.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Demography - Population by cities and boroughs (daba), as of 1 January". National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2021-01-01. Retrieved 2022-03-16.
  3. ^ "Ethnic composition of Georgia 2014". mashke.org. Archived from the original on 2018-11-04.
  4. ^ "Marneuli".
  5. ^ "Ethnic composition of Georgia in 2014". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-03-24.
  6. ^ "Statistical yearbook 2014" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2021-01-01. p. 38. Retrieved 2022-03-24.
  7. ^ a b The 2014 census found an inexplicable gap with the data from the national statistical office Geostat. UN-assisted research has found the 2002 census was inflated by about 8-9 percent. See,[12] "1. Introduction", Page 1.
  8. ^ Until 1947 the city was called Borchalo.
  9. ^ Former capital of historic Borchaly district. The town was called Sjulaveri until 1925, and it degraded from daba to village in 2014.
  10. ^ "Population divisions of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-03-06.
  11. ^ "Population cities & towns of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-03-06.
  12. ^ "Population Dynamics in Georgia - An Overview Based on the 2014 General Population Census Data" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2022-03-06.
  13. ^ "Protocol elected municipal council members and mayors 2017" (PDF) (in Georgian). CESKO Central Election Commission. pp. 19–21. Retrieved 2022-03-03.
  14. ^ "Protocol elected municipal council members and mayors 2021" (PDF) (in Georgian). CESKO Central Election Commission. pp. 25–27. Retrieved 2022-03-03.
  15. ^ http://www.statistics.ge Statistics Department of Georgia
  16. ^ http://www.kvemokartli.gov.ge Official site of Kvemo Kartli mkhare

41°27′49″N 44°48′39″E / 41.46361°N 44.81083°E / 41.46361; 44.81083

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Marneuli Municipality
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