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List of presidents of Guinea-Bissau

President of the
Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Presidente da
República da Guiné-Bissau
Umaro Sissoco Embaló
since 27 February 2020
ResidencePresidential Palace, Bissau
Term length5 years, renewable once.
Inaugural holderLuís Cabral
Formation24 September 1973
Salary3 million XOF[1] or 12283 Int$ annually

This article lists the presidents of Guinea-Bissau, since the establishment of the office of president in 1973.

Term limits

As of 2021, there is a two-term limit for the president in the Constitution of Guinea-Bissau. The term limit has not been met by any president yet.[2]

List of officeholders

Political parties
Other factions
  Denotes Acting President
No. Portrait Name
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Tenure
1 Luís Cabral
Chairman of the Council of State
1976–77 24 September 1973 14 November 1980
7 years, 51 days PAIGC
2 João Bernardo Vieira
Chairman of the Council of the Revolution
14 November 1980 14 May 1984 3 years, 182 days Military /
Carmen Pereira
14 May 1984 16 May 1984 2 days PAIGC
(2) João Bernardo Vieira
Chairman of the Council of the Revolution
16 May 1984 7 May 1999
14 years, 356 days PAIGC
President of the Republic from 29 September 1994
Brigadier general
Ansumane Mané
(c. 1940–2000)
Chairman of the Supreme Command of the Military Junta
7 May 1999 14 May 1999 7 days Military
Malam Bacai Sanhá
14 May 1999 17 February 2000 279 days PAIGC
3 Kumba Ialá
1999–2000 17 February 2000 14 September 2003
3 years, 209 days PRS
Veríssimo Correia Seabra
Chairman of the Military Committee for the Restoration of Constitutional and Democratic Order
14 September 2003 28 September 2003 14 days Military
Henrique Rosa
28 September 2003 1 October 2005 2 years, 3 days Independent
(2) João Bernardo Vieira
2005 1 October 2005 2 March 2009
3 years, 152 days Independent
Raimundo Pereira
(born 1955)
3 March 2009 8 September 2009 189 days PAIGC
4 Malam Bacai Sanhá
2009 8 September 2009 9 January 2012
(died in office)
2 years, 123 days PAIGC
Raimundo Pereira
(born 1955)
9 January 2012 12 April 2012
94 days PAIGC
Major general
Mamadu Ture Kuruma
(born 1947)
Chairman of the Military Command
12 April 2012 11 May 2012 29 days Military
Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo
11 May 2012 23 June 2014 2 years, 43 days Independent
5 José Mário Vaz
(born 1957)
2014 23 June 2014 27 February 2020 5 years, 249 days PAIGC
6 Umaro Sissoco Embaló
(born 1972)
2019 27 February 2020 Incumbent 4 years, 85 days Madem G15


  1. ^ In exile in Conakry, Guinea until 19 October 1974.


Umaro Sissoco EmbalóJosé Mário VazManuel Serifo NhamadjoMamadu Ture KurumaRaimundo PereiraHenrique RosaVeríssimo Correia SeabraKumba IaláMalam Bacai SanháAnsumane ManéCarmen PereiraJoão Bernardo VieiraLuís Cabral

Latest election

In the first round of voting Domingos Simões Pereira led the field, with 40.13% of the vote. Incumbent president José Mário Vaz finished fourth in the first round of voting, failing to progress to the runoff.[3] According to the preliminary and final results published by the national commission of elections, Umaro Sissoco Embaló won the runoff vote against Simões Pereira, 54% to 46%.

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Domingos Simões PereiraAfrican Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde222,87040.13254,46846.45
Umaro Sissoco EmbalóMadem G15153,53027.65293,35953.55
Nuno Gomes NabiamAssembly of the People United73,06313.16
José Mário VazIndependent68,93312.41
Carlos Gomes JúniorIndependent14,7662.66
Baciro DjáPatriotic Front of National Salvation [pt]7,1261.28
Vicente Fernandes [pt]Democratic Convergence Party4,2500.77
Mamadú Iaia DjalóNew Democracy Party2,8130.51
Idrissa DjalóNational Unity Party2,5690.46
Mutaro Intai DjabiIndependent2,3850.43
Gabriel Fernando IndiUnited Social Democratic Party1,9820.36
António Afonso Té [pt]Republican Party for Independence and Development1,0610.19
Valid votes555,34898.04547,82798.97
Invalid/blank votes11,1251.965,6941.03
Total votes566,473100.00553,521100.00
Registered voters/turnout761,67674.37761,67672.67
Source: CNE, CNE

See also


  1. ^ "Pensões vitalícias para políticos e militares causam polémica". VOA (in Portuguese). 20 June 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  2. ^ Cook, Candace; Siegle, Joseph. "Circumvention of Term Limits Weakens Governance in Africa". Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
  3. ^ "Guinea Bissau presidential election to be held on November 24". Africanews. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
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List of presidents of Guinea-Bissau
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