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List of defunct airlines of Canada

This is a list of defunct airlines of Canada.[1][2]

Airline Image IATA ICAO Callsign Hub airport(s) or
headquarters
Time activity
Notes
30000 Island Air
Parry Sound Harbour 2000 – ????
Charter rental & leasing service
Operated DHC-2 Beaver
A
Abbotsford Air Services ABE ABBY AIR Abbotsford ???? – ????[3]
Adastra Aviation ADD ADASTRA Abbotsford [4]
Advance Air Charters ADV ADVANCE Calgary 1993 – 1995
Operated Douglas DC-8
Aerial Recon Surveys Whitecourt 1985 – 2006
Renamed Airborne Energy Solutions
Operated Cessna 177, Robinson R44
Aero Activities Limited Barker Field
Maple Airport
1949 – 1957
Belongings to Marion Alice Orr
Sold in 1957[5]
Aero Bee Airlines Montréal Trudeau 2012 – 2012
Founded by Russ Payson
Operated Boeing 737 800[6]
Aéro Golfe 1988 – 2000
Renamed Air Saguenay
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[7]
Aero Link Toronto Pearson 1997 – 2000
Operated Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia, Piper Twin Comanche[8]
AeroTaxi QAT AIR QUASAR Québec City 1990 – 1992[9]
Aero Trades Western VM ATW AERO TRADES Winnipeg Richardson 1979 – 1984
Acquired by Soundair
Operated DC-4, Convair 580, Fokker F-27[10]
Aerokon Aviation Whitehorse 1984 – 2004
Operated DHC-3 Otter[11]
Aeropro APO AEROPRO Québec City 1998 – 2010
Still operates as maintenance facility in Quebec City
Air 500 BRM BOOMERANG Toronto Pearson 1988 – 2007
Air 2000 Canada 2T CMM Toronto Pearson 1988 – 1988
Renamed Canada 3000
Air Alliance 3J AAQ LIAISON Québec City 1988 – 1999
to Air Nova
Air Alliance 2002 – 2006[12]
Air Alma QB AAJ AIR ALMA Alma 1980 – 2002
Operated Embraer Bandeirante, Piper Navajo[13]
Established as Alma Air Services
Air Amos Amos 1964 – 1964[14]
Air Atlantic 9A ATL DASH Saint John 1985 – 1998
Feeder airline for Canadian Pacific Airlines and later Canadian Airlines International
Air Atonabee OU OUL CITY EXPRESS Peterborough 1980 – 1984
Renamed City Express
Operated Saunders ST-27,[15]
Air Baffin BFF AIR BAFFIN Iqaluit 1990 – 1997
Renamed Air Nunavut
Air BC ZX ABL AIRCOACH Vancouver 1980 – 1987
To Air Canada Connector
Air Bras D’Or BRL BRASD'OR 1986 – 1987
Operated Twin Otter[16]
Air Brazeau Rouyn-Noranda 1973 – 1978
Established as Northwestern Airways. Renamed Quebec Aviation
Air Caledonia ACM WEST CAL Vancouver 1984 – 1989
Operated PBY Catalina
Air Canada Jazz QK JZA JAZZ Halifax 2001 – 2011
Renamed Air Canada Express[17]
Air Canada Regional QK ARN Halifax 2001 – 2002
Renamed Air Canada Jazz
Air Canada Tango AC ACA Montréal Trudeau 2001 – 2004
Low-cost subsidiary branch of Air Canada
Air Caravane EN ACR CARAVANE Montréal Trudeau 1973 – 1981
Renamed/merged to: Air Cardinal
Operated C-47, DC-3, Vickers Viscount
Air Cardinal Montréal Trudeau 1981 – 1987
Established as Air Caravane
Operated Vickers Viscount
Air Caribou Fermont ???? – 1984
Acquired and merged into Air Saguenay
Operated DHC-3 Otter[18]
Air Charter Systems
CS CSW CHARTER SYSTEMS Montréal-Mirabel 1986 – 1988
Rebirth in 1997 as International Cargo Charter and operating until 2003
Air Club International HB CLI AIR CLUB Montréal-Mirabel 1993 – 1998
Charter airline to Europe
Air Columbus Vacations 2002 – 2003
Operated Boeing 727[19]
Air Commonwealth Alberta Edmonton 1969 – 1979
Operated DC-3[20]
Air Dogrib Yellowknife Water Aerodrome 1978 – 1982
Operated Floatplane[21]
Air Dorval ADT AIR DORVAL Dorval ???? – ????[22]
Air Fecteau JG AFH FECTO Senneterre 1936 – 1967
Merged with La Sarre Air Services to form Propair[23]
Air Gaspé QJ Sept-Îles 1951 – 1986
Established in 1951 as Trans-Gaspesian Air Lines. Became a subsidiary of Quebecair in 1973
Air Georgian ZX GGN GEORGIAN Toronto Pearson 1994 – 2020
Assets sold to Pivot Airlines
Regional, charters, cargo[24]
Subsidiary of Air Canada Express
Air Integra AII INTEGRA Halifax 1987 – 1993
Operated Cessna 414[25]
Air Labrador WJ LAL LAB AIR Goose Bay 1948 – 2017
Regional, charters. Merged with Innu Mikun Airlines to form Air Borealis
Air Liaison Q9 LIZ LIAISON Baie-Comeau 2001 – 2012
To Skyjet MG[26]
Air Link Express FSR 1979 – 1999[27]
Air Madeleine MLN AIR MADELEINE Rimouski 1982 – 1996[28]
Air Manan 1994 – 2005[29]
Air Manitoba 7N NAM MANITOBA Winnipeg Lyncrest 1990 – 1994
Established as Northland Air Manitoba
Operated C-46, DC-3, HS 748, Dash 8[30]
Air Maritime 1982 – 1984
Subsidiary of Eastern Provincial Airlines. To Canadian Airlines
Operated Hawker Siddeley 748
Air Melançon Sainte-Anne-du-Lac Water Aerodrome 1957 – 2017
Operated DHC-2 Beaver seaplane
Acquired by Air Tarmac[31]
Air Mikisew V8 AURORA Fort McMurray 1961 (as Contact Air) – 2011
Grounded in 2010 and permanently closed by 2011
Air Montréal F8 AMO AIR MONTREAL Montréal Trudeau 1994 – 2000
Activities taken over by GoAir CityLink
Operated Cessna Citation II, Embraer Brasilia, Fairchild Metroliner[32]
Air Muskoka AMS AIR MUSKOKA Muskoka 1975 – 2004[33]
Air Niagara NX St. Catharines Niagara 1986 – 1994
Operated Convair 580, Fokker F28[34]
Air Niagara Express DB DBD AIR NIAGARA St. Catharines Niagara 1978 – 1998
Operated Cessna 550 Citation, Convair 340, Convair 440, Convair 580, Fokker F28
Air Nord-Ouest Québec City 1970 – 2005
Operated Cessna 185[35]
Air Norterra 3F ANX NORTERRA Yellowknife 1998 –
Renamed Canadian North[36]
Air Nova QK ARN NOVA Halifax 1986 – 2001
Merged into Air Canada Connector
Air Ontario London 1961 – 1987
Merged into Air Canada Connector
Air Ontario GX ONT ONTARIO London 1987 – 2001
To Air Canada Jazz as Air Canada Connector
Air Ottawa Ottawa 1990 – 1998
Operated Piper Seneca, Piper Chieftain[37]
Air Park Aviation APA CAN-AM 1981 – 1982
Exploration charter work
Operated DHC-3 Otter[38]
Air Saguenay Chutes-des-Passes,
Lac Sébastien
1960 – 2019
Regional, charters, floatplanes[39]
Air Sandy SNY AIR SANDY 1990s – ?
Operated Piper Navajo[40]
Air Sask 7W ASK AIR SASK Saskatoon 1991 – 2000
Established as La Ronge Aviation in 1958. Merged with Athabaska Airways to form Transwest Air[41]
Air Satellite 6O ASJ SATELLITE Baie-Comeau 1968 – 2008
To Exact Air
Air Schefferville
9V ASF SCHEFF Schefferville 1981 – 2004
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter, Beech 99[42]
Air Southwest ASW AIR SOUTHWEST Chilliwack 1983 – 2005
Air Toronto CS CNE CONNECTOR Toronto Pearson 1984 – 1992
Established as Commuter Express
To Air Canada Connector
Operated Jetstream 31[43]
Air Wemindji W9M 1987 – 2003[44]
Air West Nanaimo Harbour 1970s
Operated DHC-2 Beaver
Air West AWT AIR WEST 1982 – 2005[45]
Air Windsor Windsor 1970 – 1979
Established as Gordon Airways in 1963[46]
Airco Charters Edmonton City Centre 1987 – 2012
Operated Piper Navajo[47]
AirGava AGV AIR GAVA Schefferville 1973 – 1981
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter, C-47[48]
Airspeed Aviation 5S SPD SPEEDLINE Abbotsford 1986 – 2009
Acquired by Orca Airways
Victoria STOLport
Ottawa Rockcliffe
1973 – 1975
A wholly owned subsidiary of Air Canada
Airwave Transport AWV Toronto Pearson 1989 – 2001
Airwest Airlines ZX Vancouver 1964 – 1980
To Air Canada Regional
Operated DHC-3 Otter, DHC-6 Twin Otter[49]
Aklavik Flying Services Aklavik 1947 – 1976
Acquired by Kenn Borek Air
Operated Aeronca Champion, Piper Super Cruiser, Waco Standard[50]
Alberta Citylink ABK ALBERTA CITYLINK Medicine Hat 1996 – 2004
Owned by Bar XH Air
Alberta Express 1986 – 1986
Renamed Alta Flights[51]
Alberta Northern Airlines Calgary 1981 – 1989[52]
Alert Bay Air Services BF 1958 – 1978
Renamed Gulf Air Aviation[53]
Algoma Airways AGG ALGOMA Sault Ste. Marie 1970s – 1990s
Operated Piper Super Cub, King Air 200[54][55]
All West Freight 1996 – 2012[56]
AllCanada Express CNX CANEX Toronto Pearson 1992 – 2005
Alma Air Services Alma 1960 – 1980
Established as Metrolitan Air Services in 1959
Renamed Air Alma[57]
Alpenglow Aviation Golden 1999 – 2010
Scenic tours and charter flights
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, Cessna 185, Cessna 206[58]
Alta Flights AL ALZ Edmonton 1986 – 2014
Established as Alberta Express
To Sunwest Aviation
Amigo Airways Vancouver 1999 – 2006
Acquired by Seair Seaplanes[59]
Amos Air Service Amos 1934 – 1940
Operated Curtiss Robin C-1[60]
Angus Aviation AZZ ANGUS 1970s – 1990s
Operated King Air A100[61]
Antarctic Airways 1987 – 1988
Operated one DC-4, two DHC-6 Twin Otter
Flights to and onward Antarctica[62]
Arctic Air Fort Simpson 1964 – 1974
Renamed Simpson Air
Operated DC-3, Beech King Air[63]
Arctic Sunwest Charters ASC ARCTIC SUNWEST Yellowknife 1989 – 2013
Acquired by the Ledcor Group of Companies and re-branded as Summit Air
Arctic Wings Churchill 1953 – 1956
Merged with Central Northern Airways to form Transair[64]
Arrow Airways The Pas 1935 – 1942
Founded by Jack Hone
To form Canadian Pacific Air Lines
Operated Fokker Universal[65]
Ashuanipi Aviation Wabush 1975 – 2006
Merged to Air Saguenay
Operated DHC-2 Beaver floatplane[66]
Associated Air Lines Vancouver 1952 – 1953[67]
Associated Air Taxi 1956 – 1953
Founded by Robert B. Gayer
Amalgamated with Port Alberni Airways in 1948
Acquired by Central British Columbia Airlines[68]
Associated Airways 1955 – 1955
Acquired by Pacific Western Airlines
Operated Avro York, Lockheed 14 Super Electra[69]
Associated Helicopters Vancouver 1961 – 1979
Subsidiary of Associated Airways
Acquired by Okanagan Helicopters
Operated Bell 47[70]
Astoria Airlines S3 AOI ASTORIA Montréal Trudeau 1995 – 1995
Operated Boeing 737-200
Very short-lived airline operating in the summer of 1995
Athabaska Airways 9T ABS 1955 – 2000
Founded by Floyd Glass
Merged with Air Sask to form Transwest Air[71]
Atlantair ATB STARLITE 1981 – 1981[72]
Atlantic Central Airlines CN 1960 – 1979
Operated C-49 Skytrain[73]
Atlantic Island Airways UZ AIW TARTAN Summerside 1994 – 1995
Operated Fokker F28[74]
Atlas Aviation 1947 – 1972
Renamed Kenting Aviation
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter[75]
Atonabee Airways 1971 – 1979
Renamed Air Atonabee[76]
Austin Airways AAW AUSTIN Timmins 1934 – 1987
To Air Ontario
Aviation Boreal 1989 – 2004
Operated DC-3, Piper Navajo[77]
Aviation Business Flights Vanvouver 1985 – 1994
Renamed WestEx[78]
Aviation Quebec Labrador QC QLA QUEBEC LABRADOR Sept-Îles 1983 – 2003
Operated Embraer Bandeirante[79]
Avionair ANU AVIONAIR 1981 – 1999
Operated Piper Navajo Chieftain
Renamed Starlink Aviation[80]
Awood Air 8D AWO AWOOD AIR Victoria 1962 – 2000
Operated HS 748, Beech King Air[81]
B
B C Yukon Air Service Watson Lake 1953 – 1979
Established as Northern British Columbia Air Service
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter, DHC-3 Otter, BN Islander[82]
B.C. Air Lines Vancouver 1943 – 1969
Established as Westinghouse Airways
Renamed PWA
Operated Grumman Mallard, DHC-2 Beaver, Luscombe 8, Republic Seabee[83]
B.C. Airways 1928 – 1933
Operated Ford Trimotor[84]
B.N.P. Airways Vancouver 1958 – 1964
Operated Grumman Goose[85]
Bar XH Air BXH PALLISER Medicine Hat 1974 – 2012
Merged to Integra Air[86]
Baxter Aviation 6B Nanaimo Harbour 1985 – 2007
Acquired by West Coast Air
Baie Comeau Air Services Matane 1955 – 1973
Renamed Golfe Air Quebec
Operated Beech 18, DC-3, BN Islander, Trislander[87]
Bay Chaleur Air VY Bathurst 2002 – 2002
Operated Beech 1900D[88]
BCWest Air Abbotsford 2007 – 2008
Closed in October 2008 due to unresolved shareholder dispute
Bearskin Lake Air Service JV BLS BEARSKIN Sioux Lookout 1963 – 1977
Renamed Bearskin Airlines
Operated DC-3, Beech 99, Piper Navajo[89]
Beaver Air Services The Pas 1982 – 2006
Renamed Missinippi Airways
Operated Cessna Caravan[90]
Bella Coola Air Bella Coola 1996 – 2017
Charter operations[91]
Big River Air 1984 – 2007
Renamed Air Roberval.[92]
Big Salmon Air 1988 – 2006[93]
BMR Aviation Langley 1980 – 2005
Operated DC-7[94]
Boreal Airways 1947 – 1957
Merged with Mont Laurier Aviation to form Nordair[95]
Bow Helicopters Calgary 1971 – 1979
Established as Bullock Helicopters
Acquired by Okanagan Helicopters
Operated Bell Helicopters, Aérospatiale Alouettes[96]
Bradley Air Services 7F FAB FIRST AIR Carp 1946 – 1996
Renamed/merged to First Air[97]
Bradley Air Services BAR BRADLEY 2004 – 2006[98]
British Columbia Air Lines Vancouver 1943 – 1970
Operated Grumman Goose, Stinson 108, DHC-2 Beaver[99]
British Columbia Airways Vancouver 1927 – 1928
Operated Ford Trimotor which crashed on 25 August 1928[100]
Brock Air Services BRD BROCK AIR Kingston Rogers 1978 – ????
Charters and Medevac[101]
Brooker-Wheaton Aviation BWB BROOKER-WHEATON Edmonton 1970 – 1992
Renamed Morningstar Air Express
Buffalo Narrows Airways Buffalo Narrows 1976 – 1977
Renamed Courtesy Air[102]
Bullock Helicopters Calgary 1964 – 1967
Founded by Bruce and Evan James Bullock
Operated Bell 47G, Bell 204
Rebranded to Bow Helicopters[103]
Burrard Air 6E BXA BURRARD Vancouver 1982 – 1986
Operated BN Islander, DHC-3 Otter[104]
Business Flights CZ BFA CHINOOKAIR 1978 – 2000
Established as Chinook Air[105]
Bute Air Vancouver ???? – ????
Operated BN Islander, Piper Cheyenne, Piper Navajo[106]
Buzzard Air 1984 – 1990[107]
C
Calumet Air Service Saskatoon 1935 – 1980
Founded by Paul and Nick Jankovich
To Air BC
Operated Cessna 180, DHC-2 Beaver[108]
Campbell Air 1981 – 1997[109]
CanAC CANAIR Toronto Pearson 1989 – 1997
Canada 3000 2T CMM ELITE Toronto Pearson 1988 – 2001
Formerly Canada 2000
Canada 3000 Cargo sold to Cargojet and 2005 revival failed
Canada 3000 Cargo 2001 – 2004
Established as Royal Cargo Airlines
Renamed Cargojet Airways[110]
Canada Trans-Continental Airways 1927 – 1928[111]
Canada West Air CWA CANADA WEST Vancouver 1986 – 1990
Canada West Airlines CWA CANADIAN WESTERN AIRLINES Edmonton 2002 – 2004
Formed by ex-Canada 3000 staff, along with tour operator Canada West Holidays
Merged with Aero Falcon in 2004
Canadian Airlines CP CDN CANADIAN Calgary 1987 – 2001
To Air Canada
Canadian Airways Winnipeg Richardson 1926 – 1941
Established as Western Canadian Airways
Acquired by Canadian Pacific Airlines
Canadian Colonial Airways Montreal Saint-Hubert 1929 – 1942
Originally formed as a subsidiary of American based Colonial Airlines, known at the time as Canadian Colonial Airways. After becoming defuct they were later rebranded as a Canadian company, Colonial Airlines
Operated Fairchild FC-2
Canadian Metro Airlines London 1938 – 1975
To Propair
Operated Dash 8[112]
Canadian Pacific Air Lines CP CPC EMPRESS Vancouver 1942 – 1987
Known as CP Air, to Canadian Airlines International
The callsign is still used by Canadian North
Canadian Regional Airlines KI CDR CANADIAN REGIONAL Calgary 1993 – 2000
To Air Canada Connector
Canadian Transcontinental Airways Montreal Saint-Hubert 1927 – 1938
Operated the first Post Office air mail delivery[113]
Canadian Western Airlines W2 CWA CANADA WESTERN Vancouver 2001 – 2004
Operated Swearingen Metroliner, Cessna 401[114]
CanAir Cargo CWW CANAIR 1990 – 1997
Acquired by Royal Airlines
Operated Convair 580, Short 330[115]
CanJet C6 CJA CANJET Halifax 2002 – 2015
CanJet Airlines C6 CJA CANJET.COM Halifax 1999 – 2001
Reorganized on 15 May 2001 as CanJet Airlines (2001) Ltd
Merged into Canada 3000 in August 2001.
Capital Air Surveys 1969 – 1983[116]
Capreol and Austin Air Services Toronto Bishop 1934 – 1934
Founded by Jack and Chuck Austin
Renamed Austin Airways[117]
Cargaard Aviation Ottawa 1988 – 2002
Established as Terra Surveys, rebranded Fugro Aviation Canada
Operated CASA C-212[118]
Cargo North Thunder Bay 2012 – 2015
Renamed North Star Air
Carl Millard Toronto Pearson 1954 – 1962
Renamed Millardair[119]
Carter Air Services 1962 – 1999[120]
Cassidair Services 1956 – 1965
Renamed Pacific Coastal Airlines[121]
Centennial Airlines CNS CENTENNIAL 2004 – 2004[122]
Central Air Transport Sioux Lookout 1978 – 1996
Renamed Gold Belt Air Transport
Operated DHC-3 Otter[123]
Central Airways CEN CENTRAL AIRWAYS 1961 – 1961[124]
Central British Columbia Airlines Prince George 1946 – 1953
Renamed Pacific Western Airlines[125]
Central Canada Air Lines Kenora 1926 – 1926
Operated Curtiss HS[126]
Central Northern Airways 1947 – 1956
Merged with Arctic Wings to form Transair[127]
Chaparal Charters Montréal Trudeau 1982 – 1984
Acquired by Air Inuit
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter, DC-3[128]
Cherry Red Airline Prince Albert 1928 – 1932
Chilcotin Cariboo Aviation DES CHILCOTIN Williams Lake 1977 – 1992
Operated BN Islander[129]
Chimo Air Service Red Lake 1994 – 2018
Operated Beech D18S, Cessna 180, DHC-3 Otter, DHC-3-T Turbo-Otter, Noorduyn Norseman[130]
Citizen Airways VAX VANTAGE ???? – ????[131]
City Express OU OUL CITY EXPRESS Peterborough 1971 – 1991
Established as Air Atonabee in 1971
Coast Western Airlines 1988 – 2004[132]
Coastal Cargo 1955 – 1959
Operated C-46[133]
Colibri Aviation CAE HUMMINGBIRD 1970s – 1980s
Operated Cessna Citation I[134][135]
Collingwood Air BLE BLUEBIRD 1988 – 1996
Established as Collingwood Aviation Centre
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[136]
Colonial Airlines Montreal 1942 – 1956
Formed from Canadian Colonial Airways
Acquired by Eastern Air Lines
Commander Air Charter CML COMMANDAIR ???? – ????
Charter operator[137]
Commando Air Transport Red Lake 1996 – 2000
Operated C-46[138]
Confortair CON CONFORT Sept-Îles 1987 – 2005
Operated Piper Navajo[139]
Conifair Aviation RO ROY CONIFAIR Red Lake 1979 – 1992
Rename to Royal Airlines
Operated Douglas C-54[140]
Connolly-Dawson Airways Whitehorse 1957 – 1975
Merged with Yukon Flying Service and Range Airways to form Great Northern Airways
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, Douglas DC-3[141]
Contact Airways Fort McMurray 1961 – 1995
Renamed Air Mikisew[142]
Corporate Express CPB PENTA Calgary 1975 – 2009
Cougar Air CAJ COUGAR AIR 1978 – 1979[143]
CoVal Air CVL COVAL Campbell River 1982 – 1996
Operated BN Islander, DHC-3 Otter, Cessna 185 Skywagon[144]
Cree Airways CRE CREE AIR Edmonton ???? – ????
Operated Cessna 421[145]
Crownair CRW REGAL 1989 – 1990
Operated Douglas DC-8[146]
Curtiss-Reid Flying Service Saint-Félicien 1928 – 1950
Founded by Wilfrid Thomas Reid
Operated Republic Seabee, Douglas C-54
1950 C-54 crash[147]
Cypress Airlines R6 CYS SKYBIRD Vancouver 1987 – 1997
Operated Convair 340[148]
Cypress Jetprop Charter Vancouver 1996 – 1997
Operated Convair 440, Hawker Siddeley HS.125, Convair R4Y[149]
D
Deraps Aviation 1988 – 2011
Merged into Air Saguenay
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter[150]
Direquair Chibougamau 1975 – 1981
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter[151]
Discovery Air Toronto Pearson 2006 – 2018
Founded by David Taylor[152]
Dominion Aerial Exploration Company Roberval Water Aerodrome 1922 – 1926
Founded by Harold S. Quigley
Operated Curtiss HS, N.T.2B
Reorganised into Canadian Airways Company[153]
Dominion Pegasus Helicopters King City 1973 – 1979
Merged into Okanagan Helicopters
Operated Robinson R22[154]
Dorval Air Transport 1954 – 1958
Engaged on Canadian Dew Line operations
Operated Curtiss C-46, Douglas C-47[155]
Downair 1973 – 1973
Operated Lockheed L-1049[156]
E
Eagle Aviation Silver Falls Water Aerodrome 1986 – 1995
Operated Beech D18S, DHC-3 Otter[157]
Earlton Airways Earlton 1969 – 1998
Third-level carrier
Operated Swearingen Merlin, Piper Navajo[158]
Eastern Canada Air Lines Moncton 1936 – 1938
Eastern Flying Service SPR SPEEDAIR 1956 – 1988
Acquired by Provincial Airlines[159]
Eastern Provincial Airways PV EPA PROVINCIAL Gander 1949 – 1987
To Canadian Airlines International
Eldorado Aviation Edmonton 1978 – 1985
Operated C-46, C-47, C-54, Boeing 737[160]
Eldorado Radium Silver Express Edmonton City Centre
Port Radium
1935 – 1982
To Eldorado Aviation
Enerjet EG ENJ ENERJET AIR Calgary 2009 – 2019
2021 Rebranded as Lynx Air[161]
Enterprise Air 1993 – 2005
Renamed Triumph Airways
Operated DC-3, Cessna 310, Piper Navajo[162]
Expeditair 1988 – 1999
Acquired by Air Saguenay
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[163]
Express Air WEW Saskatoon 2000 – 2020
Operated Beech 1900D[164]
F
Fairchild Aerial Surveys 1922 – 1923
Founded by Sherman Fairchild
Operated Fokker D.VII[165]
Fecteau Transport Aerien Senneterre 1936 - 1973
Renamed Air Fecteau
First Air 7F FAB FIRST AIR Ottawa
Yellowknife
Iqaluit
1973 - 2019
Merged into Canadian North 1 November 2019[166]
First Nations Transportation Gimli 2003 - 2009
Flair Air F8 FLE Edmonton 2005 – 2017
Acquired NewLeaf Airways and renamed Flair Airlines
Operated 727-200, 737-400[167]
FlyToo Calgary 2017 – Never started[168]
Forest Industries Flying Tankers (FIFT) 1959 – 1962
Operated 4 Martin JRM Mars[169]
Fortunair FX FXE AIR FUTURE Montreal, Toronto 1993 – 1995
Fugro Aviation Canada Ottawa 2002 – 2012
Rebranded CGG Aviation Canada
Operated CASA C-212, Cessna 208[170]
Futura Airlines FUT FUTURA 1975 – 1979
Operated Aero Commander 680, Douglas C-47[171]
G
Gagnon Air Service 1969 – 1970
Merged with Saguenay Air Service to form Air Saguenay
Operated Cessna 180, DHC-2 Beaver[172]
Gander Aviation GAN GANAIR Gander 1960 – 1979
Founded by William Bennett
Operated Beech Queen Air, DHC-3 Otter[173]
Garrison Aviation AHM AIR HURON 1976 – 1979[174]
Gateway Aviation WG Edmonton City Centre 1952 – 1979
Operated DC-3, Convair 640, DHC Otter, Twin Otter, HS 748[175]
Georgian Express 2004 – 2007
Acquired by Cargojet
Operated Cessna Caravan, Beech 1900[176]
Geoterrex Ottawa 1972 – 1988
Established as Terra Surveys, rebranded Cargaard Aviation
Operated PBY Catalina, DHC-3 Otter, CASA C-212, Cessna 404[177][178]
Gilbert's Flying Service 1931 – 1932
Renamed West Coast Air Services[179]
Gillies Flying Service Buttonville 1948 – 1963
Renamed Toronto Airways[180]
Ginger Coote Airways 1938 – 1942
Acquired by Canadian Pacific Air Lines
Operated Fairchild 51, Noorduyn Norseman[181][182]
Globemaster Air Cargo G5 Edmonton St. Albert 2003 – 2004
GoAir Citylink 1998 – 2011
Operated Embraer Brasilia[183]
Gogal Air Services Snow Lake Water Aerodrome 2004 – 2012
Operated Noorduyn Norseman[184]
Gold Belt Air Transport GBT GOLDBELT Pickle Lake Water Aerodrome 1988 – 1997
Operated BN Islander, DHC-3 Otter[185]
Golden Voyagairs 1971 – 1973
Operated Douglas DC-6B
Travel club[186]
Golfe Air Quebec EM GAQ GOLFAIR 1973 – 1982
Established as Baie Comeau Air Services in 1955
Operated Beech 18, BN Islander, DC-3, Twin Otter[187]
Gordon Airways 1961 – 1970
Renamed Air Windsor
Operated Cessna 150, Cessna 172, Piper Pacer, Piper Aztec[188]
Grand Island Aviation 1986 – 2000
Acquired by Air Saguenay
Operated Cessna 185[189]
Gray Rocks Air Service Montreal Saint-Hubert 1921 – 1938
Founded by Tom Wheeler
Renamed Wheeler Airlines[190]
Great Lakes Air Service 1961 – 1967
Established as Great Lakes Airlines
Renamed Air Ontario[191]
Great Lakes Airlines Sarnia Chris Hadfield 1967 – 1981
To Air Ontario[192]
Great Northern Airways Whitehorse 1965 – 1972
Formed by the merger of Connolly-Dawson Airways, Yukon Flying Service, Range Airways
Acquired by Trans North Air
Operated DC-3, Piper Aztec, Fairchild F-27[193]
Great Western Airways 1928 – 1929
Founded by Emil Sick and Frederick McCall
Absorbed Purple Label Airlines
Operated Stinson Detroiter[194]
Greater Toronto Airways Toronto Bishop 2014 – 2018
Renamed FlyGTA Airlines[195]
Green Airways Red Lake 1950 – 2017
Founded by G.H. Green
Operated floatplane DHC-3 Otter, Noorduyn Norseman[196]
Greyhound Air Winnipeg Richardson 1996 - 1997
Rebranded to KF Cargo in 2015
Gulf Air Aviation 1978 – 1980
Established as Alert Bay Air Services
To Air BC[197]
H
Haida Airlines Vancouver 1980 – 1980
To Air BC[198]
Hanna Air Silva Bay 1997 – 1997
Founded by Mark Segar
Renamed Pacific Spirit Air[199]
Harmony Airways HQ HMY HARMONY Vancouver 2002 - 2007
Harrison Airways HAA HARRISON Vancouver 1960 – 1979
Operated Convair 440, C-47, DC-3, F-11 Husky, Vickers Viscount[200]
Hawkair BH BHA HAWKAIR Terrace-Kitimat 1994 – 2016
Regional airline
On November 18, 2016, declared bankruptcy and suspended operations[201]
Helijet Airways Vancouver 1986 – 2000
Renamed Helijet International[202]
HMY Airways HQ HMY Vancouver 2002 – 2004
Renamed Harmony Airways[203]
Holidair
STP STAMPEDE Edmonton 1988 – 1990
Operated DC-8-50, Lockheed Tristar[204]
Hollinger Ungava Transport Dorval 1948 – 1954
Operated Douglas C-47A, Curtiss C-46,[205] PBY Catalina,[206] Gulfstream I,[207] DHC-2 Beaver
Hooker Air Service HS Pickle Lake Water Aerodrome 1970 – 1979
Operated Beech D18S,[208] Bellanca Aircruiser,[209] DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter
Horne Air Hornepayne Water Aerodrome 1981 – 2013
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[210][211]
Hudson Bay Air Transport Flin Flon 1939 – 1982
Operated Grumman Mallard[212]
I
ICC Air Cargo Canada
CIC AIR TRADER Montréal-Mirabel 1998 – 2002
Also listed as ICC International Cargo Charter
Ilford-Riverton Airways RIP ILFORD Winnipeg Richardson 1953 – 1986
Established as Ilford Airways
Renamed Northland Air Manitoba in 1986 and Air Manitoba in 1991
Operated DC-3, C-46, HS 748[213]
Innu Mikun Airlines Goose Bay 1998 – 2017
Regional airline, charters
Merged with Air Labrador in 2017 to form Air Borealis
Intair ND INT INTAIR Toronto Pearson 1989 – 1991
Established by City Express as a successor to Skycraft Air Transport
Integra Air AAI Lethbridge 1998 – 2018
Scheduled passenger service, charters[214]
Inter City Airways Oshawa 1986 – 1986
Operated HS 748[215]
Inter-Canadien ND ICN INTER-CANADIEN Montréal Trudeau 1986 – 1999
To Canadian Airlines International
International Jet Air E6 Calgary 1971 – 1977
Wholly-owned Allarco subsidiary
Operated Douglas C-47A, Lockheed L-188 Electra, Jet Commander[216]
Interprovincial Airlines 1995 – 1998
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter[217]
Island Express Air IAX ABBY AIR Abbotsford 2009-2020
Island Valley Airways Langley 1998 – 1999
Founded by Brent Kerr
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter[218]
Island Westair 1998 – 2005[219]
J
Jackson Air Services JCK JACKSON ???? – ????
Operated DHC-3 Otter, Piper Navajo[220]
Jetall 8J JTL FIREFLY 1987 – 1996[221]
Jetsgo SG JGO JETSGO Montréal Trudeau 2001 – 2005
Operated Fokker 100
Entered in bankruptcy protection
Johanneson Flying Services Stevenson Aerodrome 1932 – 1951
Taken over by Parsons Airways
Operated de Havilland DH.60 Moth, Cessna Crane, Cessna 140, Noorduyn Norseman[222][223]
Juan Air WON JUAN AIR Victoria 1972 – 2007
Acquired by Pacific Sky Aviation
Operated Piper Navajo[224]
K
Kamloops Air Service Kamloops early 1950s
Acquired by Central British Columbia Airlines[225]
Kasper Aviation Thunder Bay 2015 – 2016
Charter carrier[226]
KD Air XC KDC KAY DEE Qualicum Beach 1990 – 2019
Charter carrier
Operated Piper Navajo[227]
Keir Air Transport 1967 – 1969
Renamed Air Commonwealth Alberta
Operated Douglas C-47A[228]
Kelner Airways FKL KELNER Pickle Lake 1989 – 1993
Cargo and passengers carrier
Renamed Wasaya Airways
Operated DHC-3 Otter, Hawker Siddeley HS 748[229]
Kelowna Flightcraft Air Charter KW KFA FLIGHTCRAFT Kelowna 1974 – 2015
Rebranded to KF Cargo
Operated Convair 580[230]
Kenting Atlas Aviation 1972 – 1975
Acquired by Kenn Borek Air
Operated Douglas C-47A, DHC-6 Twin Otter[231]
Keystone Air Service BZ KEE KEYSTONE Winnipeg St. Andrews 1985 – 2015
Operating certificate suspended, closed and liquidated assets.[232]
Keywinds Air Little Grand Rapids 2001 – 2004
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[233][234]
Klahanie Air Fort Langley 1976 – 2006
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[235][236]
Knee Lake Air Service Knee Lake 1988 – 2005
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[237]
Knighthawk Air Express 4I KNX KNIGHT FLIGHT Calgary 1993 – 2005
Operated Dassault Falcon 20
Kootenay Airways Cranbrook 1986 – 2003
Operated Cessna 180[238]
Kootenay Direct Airlines Nelson 2006 – 2009
Charters[239]
L
La Loche Airways La Loche 2005 – 2006
Operated Beech King Air, Piper PA-31[240]
La Ronge Aviation La Ronge 1960 – 1991
Renamed Air Sask
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter, Cessna 180, Cessna 185[241]
La Sarre Air Services La Sarrre 1946 – 1961
Merged with Air Fecteau to form Propair
Operated DHC-4 Caribou[242]
Labrador Air Safari 1974 – 2006
Acquired by Air Saguenay[243]
Labrador Airways WJ LAL LAB AIR Goose Bay 1971 – 1989
Renamed Air Labrador[244]
Lac Saint-Jean Aviation 1966 – 1972
Acquired by Okanagan Helicopters
Operated Alouette II[245]
Lamb Air The Pas 1934 – 1981
Operated C-46
Lariviere Air Services Schefferville 1961 – 1973
Renamed AirGava
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[246]
Latham Island Airways Yellowknife Water Aerodrome 1988 – 1991[247]
To Air Tindi
Laurentian Air Services Schefferville 1936 – 1998
Operated DC-3, DHC-6 Twin Otter[248]
Laurentide Air Services Angliers 1922 – 1925
Operated Vickers Viking, Curtiss HS[249][250]
Laval Aviation Laval 1980 – 2010
Operated DHC-3[251]
Leavens Bros Air Services Barker Field 1935 – 1958
Renamed Leavens Bros in 1953[252]
Lethbridge Air Services Lethbridge 1966 – 1969
Founded by Stubb Ross
Renamed Time Air
Operated Piper Cub, Beech 18[253]
Lethbridge Aircraft Company Lethbridge 1920 – 1922
Founded by John Ender "Jock" Palmer
Operated Curtiss JN-4 Canuk[254]
Lethbridge Commercial Airways Lethbridge 1927 – 1928
Founded by John Ender "Jock" Palmer
Operated Standard J-1[255]
Little Red Air Service LRA LITTLE RED Fort Vermilion 1986 – 2006
Air ambulance service
Acquired by Nor-Alta Aviation
Operated Cessna 206, Beech King Air, BN Islander[256]
Lome Airways 1948 – 1959
Operated Avro 689 Tudor 5, DHC-2 Beaver[257]
Lynx Air Y9 DAT DAUNTLESS Calgary Apr 2022 - Feb 2024 Successor to Enerjet. Filed for creditor protection[258][259]
M
Prince Albert 1930 – 1947
To Norcanair (Saskatchewan Government Airways)
Mackenzie Air Edmonton 1975 – 1979
Charter carrier
Operated BN Islander[260]
MacKenzie Air Services Edmonton City Centre 1932 – 1942
To Canadian Pacific Airlines
Operated Bellanca Aircruiser
Maestro 5G SSV SKYTOUR Québec City 2006 – 2007
Charter carrier
Operated Boeing 757-200ER
Mandair Kenora 1992 – 2004
Operated DHC-3 Otter[261]
Maple Air Services MAD MAPLE AIR Maple ? – 1987
Operated Piper Cherokee[262]
Maritime Central Airways Moncton 1941 – 1963
Nordair was a subsidiary
Operated DC-4
Maritime Global Airways MGM Halifax 1996 – 1997
Operated Convair 580[263]
Matane Air Services Matane 1947 – 1965
Acquired by Quebecair
Operated Lockheed 10 Electra, DC-3[264]
May Airlines 1919 – 1924[265]
McMurray Air Service Uranium City Water Aerodrome 1947 – 1969
Founded by Edgar Jones
Acquired by Gateway Aviation
Operated Stinson 108, Republic Seabee, Noorduyn Norseman, Cessna 180, DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter, Beech 18[266]
Metrolitan Air Services Alma 1959 – 1960
Renamed Alma Air Services[267]
Miksoo Aviation Meadow Lake 1975 – 1979
Operated Beech 18[268]
Millardair MA MAD MILLARDAIR Toronto Pearson 1962 – 1990
Operated C-47
Continued as aircraft maintenance and servicing firm Millard Air Incorporated (Millardair MRO) 1990-2012
Minerve Canada MR MRV ALOUETTE Montréal-Mirabel 1986 – 1989
Division of the French airline which merged into Air Outre-Mer and became AOM French Airlines
Operated Douglas DC-8, MD-80
Ministic Air MNS MINSTIC Winnipeg Richardson 1981 – 2008
Operated Piper Navajo, Beech King Air, Beech 1900[269]
Minto Airways Edmonton 1982 – 1986
Operated DHC-3 Otter, Beech D18S[270]
Miramichi Air Service MIR MIRAMICHI Douglastown Airfield 1970 – 1975
Aerial spraying
Operated Grumman TBF Avenger[271]
Mober Aviation Drummondville 1970 – 1984
Operated DHC Beaver, C-47[272]
Mont Laurier Aviation Roberval 1947 – 1957
Merged with Boreal Airways to form Nordair
Operated DC-3, DC-4[273]
Montmagny Air Service Montmagny 1952 – 1993
Founded by Marius Lachaine and acquired by Gilles Couillard in 1954.
Sold to Gaston Gosselin in 1980.
Operated Aeronca Sedan, Cessna 180[274]
Montreal Air Services Montreal 1955 – 1978
Operated PBY Catalina, C-46, DC-3, Super Constellation[275]
Montreal & Dominion Skyways Montreal 1935 – 1942
To form Canadian Pacific Air Lines[276]
Morgan Air Services 1983 – 2010
Operated Cessna 172, Cessna 401[277]
N
NAC Air C9 HMR HAMMER Thunder Bay 2000 – 2008
North American Charters was 100% First Nations owned
Nahanni Air Services NAH NAHANNI Norman Wells 1970 – 1986
Renamed North-Wright Air in 1986 and North-Wright Airways in 1998[278]
Nationair Canada NX NXA NATION AIRWAYS Montréal-Mirabel 1986 – 1993
Owned by Nolisair
National Aviation Prince Albert 1989 – 2009
Established as PA Aviation
Operated Beech King Air, Cessna 172, Cessna 310, Piper Navajo, Piper Seneca[279]
Nav Air Charter FCV Victoria 1979 – 2005
Operated Mitsubishi MU-2, Swearingen SA226-TC Metro II[280]
New Air & Tours Calgary 2006 – 2008
Rebranded as Enerjet before starting[281]
Newfoundland Aero Sales and Services St. John's 1948 – 1949
Acquired by Eastern Provincial Airways[282]
Newfoundland Air Transport Deer Lake 1961 – 1979
Renamed Newfoundland & Labrador Air Transport[283]
Newfoundland Airways Gander 1948 – 1983
To Air Labrador
NewLeaf F8 Winnipeg 2016 – 2017
Acquired by Flair Air[284]
NextJet Canada Kitchener 2016 – 2016
Virtual carrier[285]
Nipawin Air Services Nipawin 1961 – 1979
Renamed Osprey Wings
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter, DHC-6 Twin Otter[286]
Norcanair Prince Albert 1947 – 2005
Originally M&C Aviation then Time Air
Nordair ND NDR NORDAIR Montréal Trudeau,
Montréal-Mirabel
1947 – 1987
Formed by the merger of Boreal Airways and Mont Laurier Aviation
Acquired by Canadian Pacific Airlines
Merged into Canadian Airlines and Inter-Canadien
Operated Lockheed L-1049H
Nordair Metro 3N 1985 – 1988
Mergend into Quebecair
Operated Convair 580[287]
NorOntair NR NOA NORONTAIR Sault Ste. Marie 1971 – 1996
Airline operations of Ontario Northland Transportation Commission
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter
North American Airlines NTM NORTHAM 1978 – 2004
Operated Swearingen Merlin, Beech King Air, Piper Navajo[288]
North Canada Air Prince Albert 1930 – 1965
See also M&C Aviation, Time Air
North Cariboo Flying Service NCB NORTH CARIBOU 1957 – 2007
Rebranded North Cariboo Air
Operated Aeronca Champion, Piper Navajo[289]
North Pacific Seaplanes Prince Rupert Water Aerodrome 1995 – 2013
Operated DHC-3 Otter[290]
North Vancouver Air VL NRV NORVAN Vancouver 1994 – 2003
Acquired by Regency Express
Operated Aeronca Champion, Jetstream 31, Piper Navajo, Beech King Air[291]
North-Wright Air Norman Wells 1986 – 1998
Established as Nahanni Air Services
Renamed North-Wright Airways[292]
Northern British Columbia Air Service Watson Lake 1936 – 1953
Renamed BC Yukon Air Service[293]
Northern Dene Airways U7 NKA NORCANAIR Prince Albert 1992 – 2006
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter, Beech King Air, Swearingen Metroliner[294][295]
Northern Hawk Aviation Vancouver 2003 – 2005
Operated Piper Navajo, Beech King Air[296]
Northern Mountain Airlines 1959 – 1979
Merged with Thunderbird Airlines to form NT Air
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, Beech 18, Grumman Goose[297]
Northern Sky Aviation High Level 1989 – 2000[298]
Northern Wings (Les Ailes du Nord) WS Sept-Îles 1946 – 1981
To Quebecair
Operated Douglas DC-3, Fokker Friendship, Hawker Siddeley HS 748[299]
Northland Airlines 1961 – 1986
Merged with Ilford Riverton Airways to form Northland Air Manitoba
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, Barkley-Grow T8P-1, Beech 18, Lockheed Lodestar[300]
Northland Air Manitoba 7N NAM NORVAN Vancouver 1986 – 1991
Formed by the merger of Northland Airlines and Ilford Riverton Airways
Rebranded Air Manitoba
Operated HS 748, DC-3[301]
Northward Airlines NN Edmonton 1972 – 1980
Established as Northward Aviation in 1966.
Operated Saunders ST-27, DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-6 Twin Otter[302]
Northwest Territorial Airways (NWT Air) NV NWT TERRITORIAL Yellowknife 1962 – 1998
To First Air
Operated L-188 Electra
Northwinds Northern NWN NORTHWINDS 1988 – 1996
Operated BN Islander, Cessna 402, Piper Navajo, Piper Seneca[303]
Notre-Dame Air Transport GO PREMIUM 1958 – 1964
Operated Convair 340[304]
Nunasi-Central Airlines NUM NUNASI Kenora 1984 – 1987
Established as Ontario Central Airlines
Renamed Nunasi-Northland Airlines
Operated DC-3[305]
O
Odyssey International OL ODY ODYSSEY Toronto Pearson 1988 – 1990
Name, aircraft and some employees were merged with Nationair, and operated as a separate division of Nolisair for a short period
OK Heli-Logging Vancouver 1970 – 1979
Acquired by Okanagan Helicopters
Operated Bell 214[306]
Okanagan Air Services Kelowna 1947 – 1949
Renamed Okanagan Helicopters
Operated Bell 47[307]
Omineca Air Services Burns Lake 1956 – 1980
Founded by Bill Harrison
Became subsidiary of Air BC
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter, Cessna 185[308]
Ontario Central Airlines NUN NUNASI Kenora 1947 – 1984[309]
Renamed Nunasi-Central Airlines in 1984 then Nunasi-Northland Airlines in 1987
Ontario Express 9X OEL PARTNER Toronto Pearson 1988 – 1998
To Air Canada Regional
Ontario Northern Airways Jellicoe 1960 – 1979
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter[310]
Ontario Worldair Toronto Pearson 1978 – 1981
Operated Boeing 707[311]
Orca Airways OR ORK ORCA Vancouver 2005 – 2018
Scheduled passenger service, charters
Operated Piper Navajo[312]
Osnaburgh Airways Pickle Lake Water Aerodrome 1986 – 2006
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter[313]
Otonabee Airways OU OUL Peterborough 1971 – 1980
Founded by Joseph Csumrick
Renamed Air Atonabee
Operated Saunders ST-27[314]
Owen Sound Air Services Toronto Pearson 1973 – 1984
Acquired by Soundair
Operated DC-3[315]
P
Pacific Airways 1925 – 1928
Founded by D. R. MacLaren on 10 February 1925
Acquired by Western Canada Airways on 1 May 1928[316]
Pacific Coastal Airlines PG Nanaimo 1960 – 1980
Operated BN Islander, DC-3[317]
Pacific Spirit Air 1997 – 2001
Established as Hanna Air[318]
Pacific Western Airlines PA PWA PAC WEST Vancouver 1946 – 1987
To Canadian Airlines
Operated DC-3
Pacific Wings Airlines 2004 – 2006
Acquired by West Coast Air
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[319]
Parsons Air Services 1974 – 1989
Operated Beech D18S[320]
Parsons Airways Kenora 1952 – 1979
Acquired Johanneson Flying Services and renamed Kenora Air Service
Operated Cessna 170, Cessna 180[321]
Parsons Airways Northern FAP Flin Flon 1955 – 1984
Operated U-1 Otter, DHC-3 Otter[322]
Pat Bay Air Victoria Water Aerodrome 2005 – 2015
Floatplane charters[323]
Patricia Airways and Exploration Sioux Lookout 1926 – 1928
Founded by H.A. Oaks, G.A. Thompson, S. Tomlinson
Renamed Patricia Airways[324][325]
Peace Air Sioux Lookout 1968 – 2007
Established as Peace River Air Services in 1962
Operated BN Islander, Jetstream 31[326]
Pegasus Airlifts Malton 1962 – 1973
Merged with Dominion Helicopters in 1973 to form Dominion Pegasus Helicopters
Operated Bell 47J, Bell 206[327]
Pem-Air PD PEM PEM-AIR Pembroke 1970 – 2002
Peninsula Air Services Hamilton 1965 – 1979[328]
Peregrine Air Charter Vancouver 1987 – 1998
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, Fokker F28[329]
Plumridge Air 2006 – 2017
Operated seaplane DHC-2 Beaver[330]
Points North Air Services Points North 1988 – 2003
Operated DHC-3 Otter, C-47, Cessna 402, Cessna Caravan[331]
Points of Call Canada PM PTS POINTSCALL Edmonton 1988 – 1990
Operated Douglas DC-8[332]
Polaris Charter Company Yellowknife 1946 – 1953
Founded by Maxwell W. Ward
Operated DH.83 Fox Moth
To Wardair[333]
Port Alberni Airways Yellowknife 1947 – 1948
Founded by Jack Moul and Slim Knights
Merged into Associated Air Taxi[334]
Powell Air PWL POWELL AIR Powell River 1975 – 1987
Merged with Air BC to form Pacific Coastal Airlines
Operated Convair 440
Powell River Airways Vancouver 1959 – 1965
Renamed Airwest Airlines
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter[335]
Prairie Airways Moose Jaw 1935 – 1942
To form Canadian Pacific Air Lines
Operated de Havilland Puss Moth, Beechcraft S18D, Barkley-Grow T8P-1, Waco ZQC-6[336]
Premair 1992 – 1992
Operated Piper Navajo[337]
CME COMET Charlottetown 1989 – 2010
Operational control was transferred to SkyLink Express
Operated Beech 99
Pronto Airways WEW PRONTO Prince Albert 2006 – 2015
Scheduled passenger service[338] Absorbed by West Wind Aviation[339]
Prospecting Airways 1928 – 1929
Aerial prospecting[340]
Provincial Airlines PB SPR SPEEDAIR St. John's 1980 – 2016
Rebranded as PAL Airlines[341]
Provincial Express PRV PROVINCAIL St. John's 1988 – 2005
Operated Cessna Caravan[342]
Ptarmigan Airways 5P PTA PTARMIGAN Yellowknife 1965 – 1995
Acquired by First Air
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter[343]
Purple Label Airlines 1928 – 1928
Absorbed by Great Western Airways
Operated Stinson Detroiter[344]
Q
Quebec Airways 1935 – 1942
Operated Boeing 247, de Havilland Dragon, Fairchild 71
To form Canadian Pacific Air Lines[345]
Quebec Aviation QBC QUEBEC AVIATION 1979 – 1987
Establish as Northwestern Airways, to Inter-Canadien[346]
Quebecair QB QBA QUEBECAIR Montréal Trudeau 1946 – 1987
Established as Rimouski Airlines
Acquired by CP Air in 1986
Consolidated within Canadian Airlines in 1987
Quebecair Express QO QAE Québec City 2003 – 2005
Queen Charlotte Airlines Vancouver Water 1946 – 1955
Acquired by Pacific Western Airlines
Operated Supermarine Stranraer
QuikAir Q9 Calgary 2001 – 2006
QuikAire Cargo Toronto Buttonville 1994 – 1996
Founded by Dan Rocheleau
Rebranded SkyLink Express
Operated Cessna Caravan, Cessna Grand Caravan[347]
R
Rainy Lake Airways Fort Frances Water Aerodrome 1954 – 1979
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter, Beech 18, Noorduyn Norseman[348]
Ramsey Airways Greater Sudbury 1992 – 1994
Founded by Robert Merrilees
Operated DHC-3 Otter, Cessna 180[349]
Range Airways Calgary 1964 – 1965
Merged with Connolly-Dawson Airways and Yukon Flying Service to form Great Northern Airways[350]
Red Lake Airways Kenora 1987 – 2007
Operated DHC-3 Otter, DHC-2 Beaver, Cessna Skywagon[351]
Regency Express VL NVR 1994 – 2002
Acquired North Vancouver Air and formed Sonicblue Airways[352]
Regionair RGR REGIONAIR 1981 – 1984
Merged into Quebecair
Operated HS 748[353]
Regionair RH GIO 1992 – 2001[354]
Regional 1 Airlines TSH Calgary 2004 – 2014
Established as Westpoint Airlines
Rebranded R1 Airlines[355]
Reindeer Air Service Inuvik 1960 – 1979
Founded by Frederick J. Carmichael
Operated Stinson Voyager, DC-3, C-46, Beech 18[356][357]
Rigel Airways Resolute Bay 1982 – 1994
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter[358]
Rimouski Airlines Montréal Trudeau 1947 – 1953
Operated de Havilland Dragon Rapide, C-46, DC-3[359]
Roots Air 6J SSV SKYTOUR Toronto Pearson 2000 – 2001
Part of Roots Canada ceased operations when ownership was acquired by Air Canada
Ross Air Service Sandy Bay 2001 – 2011
Operated Cessna Skywagon[360]
Royal Aviation QN ROY ROY Montréal Trudeau 1991 – 2001
Acquired by Canada 3000
Royal Aviation Express RXP ROY EXPRESS 1997 – 2001
Operated Boeing 737[361]
Royal Cargo Airlines QN ROY Montreal Dorval 1999 – 2001
Operated Boeing 727-100C, Boeing 737-200F
Renamed Canada 3000 Cargo[362]
RoyalAir Montreal Dorval 1968 – 1969
To Quebecair
Operated Boeing 727, Douglas C-47A, DHC-6 Twin Otter[363]
S
Sabourin Lake Airways 9S SABAIR 1959 – 1996
Operated Beech 99, DHC-6 Twin Otter[364]
Samaritan Air Service HLO HALO Buttonville 1989 – 1999
Operated Learjet 24, Learjet 25[365]
Sapawe Air Atikokan Water Aerodrome 2004 – 2006
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[366]
Sarnia Airlines Sarnia 1960 – 1960
Operated a single de Havilland Dove[367][368]
Saskatchewan Government Airways Prince Albert 1947 – 1965
To Norcanair
Sealand Helicopters SEA SEALAND St. John's 1977 – 1987[369]
Merged to form CHC Helicopter in 1987
Saguenay Air Service Lac Sébastien Water Aerodrome 1960 – 1970
Merged with Gagnon Air Service to form Air Saguenay
Operated DHC-3 Otter[370]
Sea Air Services 1983 – 2001
Operated DHC-2 Turbo Beaver[371]
Selkirk Air Selkirk Water Aerodrome 2004 – 2006
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, Beech 18, Noorduyn Norseman, Partenavia P.68 Observer[372]
Sept-Iles Helicopter Services Vancouver ? – 1979
Acquired by Okanagan Helicopters
Operated Bell JetRanger[373]
Silver Pine Air Services Pine Falls 1960 – 1986
Operated Beech 18, DHC-3 Otter[374]
Skeena Air Transport Prince Rupert 1950 – 1954
Acquired by Central British Columbia Airlines[375]
Sky Freighters Victoria 1995 – 1998
Operated Douglas DC-3[376]
Sky Regional Airlines KV SKV MAPLE Toronto Pearson
Montréal–Trudeau
2010 – 2021
Aircraft transferred to Jazz.[377]
Operator of Air Canada Express
Skycraft Air Transport 9F SKG SKYCRAFT-CANADA Oshawa 1977 – 1989
Rebirth in 1989 and operating until 1994.
Skyservice Airlines 5G SSV SKYTOUR Toronto Pearson 1986 - 2010
Differs from existing Skyservice Business Aviation being the same owners
Skywalker Airlines Toronto Bishop 1986 – 1988
Division of Inter-City Airways[378]
Skyxpress KLO KLONDIKE Calgary 2001 - 2008[379]
Skyward Aviation K9 SGK SKYWARD Thompson 1986 – 2005
Operated Embraer Bandeirante, Beech 1900[380]
Slave Air Slave Lake 1988 – 2006
Air Ambulance services
To CanWest Air
Operated Beech B200 King Air, DHC-2 Beaver[381]
Sonicblue Airways VL Vancouver 1982 – 2006
Ceased operations
Sontair STI SONTAIR Chatham-Kent 1969 – 2006
Operated King Air 200, King Air, Cessna Caravan[382]
Soundair EJC SOUNDAIR Toronto Pearson 1973 – 1997
Acquired Aero Trades Western, Owen Sound Air Services. Operated DC-3, DC-4, Convair 580, Fokker F-27[383]
Soundair Express Toronto Pearson 1989 – 1990
Established as Soundair
Operated Convair 580[384]
South Moresby Air Charters Masset Water Aerodrome 1989 – 1990
Founded by Sheila and Marvin Boyd
Acquired by Inland Air Charters
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[385]
South West Air SWC SAINT CLAIR 1999– 1999[386]
Southern Air Transport 1939 – 1942
To form Canadian Pacific Air Lines[387]
Southern Alberta Air Lines Lethbridge 1927 – 1931
Founded by John Ender "Jock" Palmer
Operated de Havilland DH.60 Moth[388]
Southern Alberta Airlines Lethbridge 1924 – 1924
Founded by John Ender "Jock" Palmer
Operated Standard J-1[389]
Southern Frontier Airlines Calgary 1978 – 1978[390]
To Time Air
Sowind Air SOW SOWIND Little Grand Rapids 1991 – 2001
Operated Embraer Bandeirante, DHC-3 Otter[391]
Spartan Air Services 1946 – 1972
Aerial survey
Operated Avro Anson, Lockheed Ventura, P-38 Lightning, DC-3, Bell 47, Piasecki H-21[392]
Sporthawk International Toronto Pearson 1996– 2001[393]
St. Andrews Airways CW SDA SAINT ANDREWS Winnipeg 1970 – 1979
Operated Found FBA-2, de Havilland Heron, Beech 18, DHC-3 Otter[394]
St. Felicien Air Services Toronto Bishop 1957 – 1979
Operated Found FBA-2, DC-3, DHC-2 Beaver, Noorduyn Norseman[395]
Stage Air Penticton 2001 – 2001
Operated Piper Navajo, Cessna Caravan[396]
Stanair 1952 – 1969
Operated DHC-3 Otter, Fairchild F-27[397]
Starratt Airways Hudson 1932 – 1942
To Canadian Pacific Airlines
Steinwands Transport Rae/Edzo 1977 – 1985
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[398]
Sunwest Home Aviation CNK CHINOOK Rae Edzo 1986 – 2006
Renamed Sunwest Aviation [399]
Sunwest International Aviation Services Toronto Pearson 1996– 2001
Operated Beech King Air, Learjet 55[400]
Superior Airways Fort William 1940– 1979
Operated Douglas DC-3, Bellanca 31-40[401]
Survair SS Ottawa 1971– 1978
Operated Douglas C-47A, DHC-6 Twin Otter[402]
Sustut Air Smithers 2006 – 2013
Operated Skyvan, Cessna 208[403]
Swanberg Air Grande Prairie 2000 - 2011
Ceased due to the death of the founder Sylvan Swanberg
Swiftair Cargo SCL SWIFTAIR Abbotsford 1980 – 1982
Operated Douglas DC-8[404]
Swoop WO WSW SWOOP Abbotsford, Hamilton (ON) 2018 – 2023
Re-integrated into WestJet[405]
T
Tagish Air Services Vancouver 1988 – 2004
[406]
Tal Air Charters JEL YYZ JETEL Toronto Pearson 1994 – 2003
Operated Fairchild SA227-AC Metro III[407]
Tamalik Air CFB Goose Bay 1994 – 2003
Associated to Air Labrador
Operated DHC-3-T Turbo-Otter, DHC-6 Twin Otter[408]
Tempus Air OB TEM Hamilton 1985 – 1988
Operated Convair 580[409]
Terr Air Ross River 1973 – 1979
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, F-11 Husky, Hughes 500[410][411]
Terra Surveys Ottawa Macdonald–Cartier 1966 – 1972
Reorganized in Geoterrex, acquired by Cargaard Aviation[412]
The Sarcee Club Calgary 1971 – 1972
Operated a single Vickers 757 Viscount[413]
Thomas Cook Airlines Canada MT TCX KESTREL Montreal, Quebec 2010 - 2013
Ended contract with Jazz
Thunderbird Airlines 1965 – 1971
Merged with Northern Mountain Airlines to form NT Air
Operated DHC-3 Otter, DHC-2 Beaver, Cessnas[414]
Timberline Air TMR TIMBER Chilliwack 1998 – 1998
Operated Beech King Air[415]
Time Air KI TAF TIME AIR Lethbridge 1966 - 1993
To Canadian Regional Airlines
Timmins Aviation Montreal 1960 – 1962
Operated Beech 18, Beech Bonanza, Piaggio P.136 Royal Gull, de Havilland Dove[416]
TK Air Charters Prince Rupert 1995 – 2003
Operated Piper Navajo, Cessna 150, Cessna 337[417][418]
Torontair TOR TORONTAIR Buttonville 1963 – 1979
Established as Gillies Flying Service
Renamed Torontair
Operated Beech King Air, Beech 99, DHC-6 Twin Otter[419]
Toronto Helicopters Toronto ? – 1979
Merged with Okanagan Helicopters and Sealand Helicopters to form Canadian Helicopters[420]
Trans Canada Couriers Montréal Trudeau 1960 – 1973
Acquired by Purolator Inc. and renamed Purolator Courier Corporation
Operated Boeing 727, DC-9[421]
Trans Fair Longue-Pointe-de-Mingan 1978 – 1998
Operated Douglas DC-3, Beech 18, Convair 240[422]
Trans North Air Whitehorse 1967 – 1979
Operated Douglas C-47D[423]
Trans North Turbo Air Whitehorse 1967 – 1979
Renamed Trans North Helicopters
Operated Cessna 402[424]
Trans Provincial Air Carriers Whitehorse 1960 – 1974
Renamed Trans Provincial Airlines (TPA)[425]
Trans Provincial Airlines (TPA) CD TDY Prince Rupert 1974 – 1993
Established as Trans Provincial Air Carriers
Acquired by Harbour Air Seaplanes[426]
Trans-Canada Air Lines Montréal Saint-Hubert 1937 – 1965
Now Air Canada
Operated Lockheed L-1049C
Trans-Gaspesian Air Lines Sept-Îles 1951 – 1966
Operated L.10 Electra, Beech 18, G-44 Widgeon, DHC-2 Beaver, Piper Apache, Cessna 180[427]
Trans-Labrador Airlines Schefferville 1956 – 1963
Operated PBY Catalina, C-46, C-47[428]
Trans-Mountain Air Service Campbell River 1968 – 1973
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[429]
Transair TZ TTZ Winnipeg Richardson 1956 – 1979[430]
Founded by the merger of Central Northern Airways and Arctic Wings; acquired by Pacific Western Airlines in 1979
Transport Aerien Sept-Iles Longue-Pointe-de-Mingan 1972 – 1983
Renamed Trans Fair
Operated DC-3, DC-4, Convair 240[431]
Transport des Monts Aviation Sainte-Anne-des-Monts Aerodrome 1979 – 1988
Operated Douglas C-47[432]
Transwest Air 9T ABS ATHABASKA Prince Albert 2000– 2021[433]
Trillium Air XXX N Waterloo 1999 – 2002
Operated Jetstream 31[434]
Trippier Air Service Ear Falls Water Aerodrome 1984 – 2005
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[435]
Yellowknife ???? – 2013
Acquired by the Ledcor Group and rebranded as Summit Helicopters
Triton Airlines DRC TRITON AIR St. John's 1993 – 1994
Founded by Jason and Javis Roberts
Operated Boeing 737[436]
Triumph Airways TUI Oshawa 2005 – 2011
Established as Enterprise Air in 1993
Operated Basler BT-67[437]
Tyee Airways 6T TYE TYEE AIR Sechelt 1961 – 1992
Operated BN Islander, DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter[438]
U
United Air Transport 1933 – 1939
Renamed Yukon Southern Air Transport
Operated Ford Trimotor[439]
Universal Helicopters St. John's 1963 – 2020[440]
V
Vacationair
VN VAC VACATIONAIR Toronto Pearson 1988 – 1990
Established as Gray Coach Lines
Val Air VK Montréal Trudeau 2003 – 2004
Venture Air Thompson 1995 – 2004
Renamed Central Flyway Air[441]
Vic Turner Ltd 1966 – 1971
Acquired by Kenn Borek Air
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter[442]
Victoria Flying Services Victoria Water Aerodrome 1959 – 1970
Founded by William Sylvester
Acquired by Nils Christensen
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[443]
Vision Airways Corporation V6 VSN VISION Timmins ? – 1994
Vistajet 5V VJT VISTA Ottawa,
Toronto,
Windsor
1997 – 1997
W
Wabusk Air WU WABUSK[444] Moosonee 1997 – 2019
Air operator's certificate cancelled by Transport Canada[445]
Operated Beech 90, Beech King Air, Piper Navajo[446]
As of March 2023 there are five aircraft still registered to 164061 BC Ltd.[447][448]
Waglisla Air (Wagair) 3V SEH SEA HAWK Vancouver 1982 – 1995
Went in receivership
Operated Piper Navajo, Beech 99, FH-227[449]
Wagner Aviation Kingston Norman Rogers 1968 – 1974
Operated Beech 18, BN Islander, Cessna 150, Cessna Skyhawk, Cessna 402[450]
Wardair WD WDA WARDAIR Edmonton 1952 – 1990
Established as Polaris Charter Company at Yellowknife in 1946
Acquired by Canadian Airlines
Waweig Air Thunder Bay Water Aerodrome 2001 – 2006
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter, DHC-3-T Turbo-Otter[451][452]
West Coast Air 8O YWZ COAST AIR Vancouver Harbour 1996 – 2015[453]
Floatplanes, scheduled and charters service
Acquired by Harbour Air Seaplanes in 2010[454]
West Coast Air Services 1978 – 1980
Established as Gilbert's Flying Service in 1931
To Air BC
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter[455]
WestCan International Airlines Edmonton 2007 – 2010
Operated Boeing 727-100C[456]
West Wind Aviation ATR ATR-42-300, West Wind Aviation AN1140961 WEW WESTWIND Saskatoon John G. Diefenbaker 1983 – 2021
Scheduled passenger service, charters, MEDIVAC (air ambulance).
Western Canada Airways Lac du Bonnet 1926 – 1930
To Canadian Airways[457]
Western Express Airlines
WES WESTEX Vancouver 1994 – 2006
Established as Aviation Business Flights
Operated Super King Air, Cessna Caravan, Fairchild F-27, IAI Westwind, Learjet 31A, Swearingen Merlin II[458][459]
Western Straits Air Campbell River Water Aerodrome 1986 – 1996
Acquired by CoVal Air
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter, Cessna 185[460]
Westinghouse Airways Victoria 1945 – 1954
To B.C. Air Lines
Operated Republic Seabee, Luscombe 8[461]
Westpoint Airlines WTP WESTPOINT Calgary 2003 – 2004
Renamed Regional 1 Airlines
Operated Dash-8, DHC-6 Twin Otter[462]
Wheeler Airlines (1938) Montréal Saint-Hubert 1938 – 1960
Founded by Tom Wheeler
Established as Gray Rocks Air Service in 1921
Renamed Wheeler Airlines (1960)
Heavy transport division to Nordair
Operated Beech 18, Boeing-Stearman 75, C-46, C-47, Cessna 180, Grumman Avenger, Westland Whirlwind[463]
Wheeler Airlines (1960) Montréal Saint-Hubert 1960 – 1967
Founded by Tom Wheeler
Established as Wheeler Airlines (1938) in 1921
Taken over by Nordair[464]
Whitehorse Flying Services Whitehorse 1949 – 1954
Bush plane service
To Central British Columbia Airlines
Operated DHC-2 Beaver, Noorduyn Norseman[465]
Whiteshell Air Service Lac du Bonnet (North) Water Aerodrome 1968 – 2004
Operated DHC-3 Otter[466]
Wild Country Airways Red Lake Water Aerodrome 1996 – 2006
Operated DHC-3 Otter, Noorduyn Norseman[467]
Wilderness Seaplanes Bella Coola 1959 – 1998
Merged into Pacific Coastal Airlines
Operated Beech King Air, BN Islander, Piper Navajo[468]
Windoak Air Service Vancouver 1982 – 1993
Renamed Harbour Air
Operated DHC-6 Twin Otter, DHC-3 Otter, DHC-2 Beaver[469]
Wings 1942 – 1942
To form Canadian Pacific Air Lines[470]
Winnport W8 WNT Winnipeg Richardson 1998 – 2002
Winnipeg-based air cargo company flying to China
Renamed Cargojet Airways
Operated Boeing 727
World-Wide Airways Montréal Trudeau 1947 – 1966
Founded by Donald McVicar
Operated C-46, C-47, C-54, L-1049[471]
Worldways Canada WG WWC WORLDWAYS CANADA Toronto Pearson 1973 – 1991
Registered in Nova Scotia in 1985
Operated Douglas DC-8
Y
Yellow Bird Air Vancouver 1968 – 1984
Acquired by Burrard Air
Operated Douglas DC-3[472]
Yellowknife Airways Vancouver 1949 – 1951
Founded by Maxwell William Ward and George Pigeon
Operated DHC-2 Beaver[473][474]
Yukon Airways & Exploration Company Dawson City 1927 – 1929[475]
Yukon Southern Air Transport 1939 – 1942
Established as United Air Transport
Acquired by Canadian Pacific Air Lines
Operated Ford Trimotor[476]
Z
Zip 3J WZP ZIPPER Calgary 2002 – 2004
Operations return to regular Air Canada routes
Zoom Airlines Z4 OOM ZOOM Ottawa 2002 – 2008
Named acquired for the new XPO Airlines in 2009

See also

References

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