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John Garland (Australian politician)

John Garland KC (17 September 1862 – 23 February 1921) was a Scottish-born Australian politician.

He was born at Fordyce, Banffshire[1][a] to farmer Robert Garland and Isabella Whyte. He attended Fordyce Academy in Fordyce and graduated as a Master of Arts from the University of Aberdeen in 1882. In 1886, he received a Bachelor of Law degree from the University of Edinburgh, and in 1887 migrated to Australia, where he was called to the bar on 30 November 1888.[1] On 21 December 1896 he married Isobel Chisholm, with whom he had a daughter. A founding member of the Council of the Bar of New South Wales, he was also a procurator of the Presbyterian Church and a lecturer on ecclesiastical law at the University of Sydney.

In 1898 he was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as the Free Trade member for Woollahra. He was defeated in 1901,[3] but won a by-election for Tamworth in 1903. Defeated again in 1904,[4] he ran unsuccessfully for Phillip in 1907 before he was appointed to the New South Wales Legislative Council in 1908. In 1909 he was appointed Minister of Justice and Solicitor General in the Wade ministry, to assist the Premier in his portfolio of Attorney General, and was appointed King's Counsel on 2 March 1910.[5][6] He served until October 1910 when Labor assumed office.[2] He was a friend of William Holman, the Labor leader.[1] When Labor split in 1916 he was appointed Minister for Justice and Solicitor General in the second Holman ministry, and was an enthusiastic promoter of the formation of the Nationalist Party. He became Representative of the Government in the Legislative Council in 1918 and Attorney General in 1919.[2]

Garland died at Bellevue Hill on 23 February 1921(1921-02-23) (aged 58), survived by his wife Isobel and their daughter, Isabel.[1][2][7]


  1. ^ His parliamentary biography lists his place of birth as nearby Cowhythe.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d Woodman, Stewart J. "Garland, John (1862–1921)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Mr John Garland (1862-1921)". Former members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  3. ^ Green, Antony. "Elections for the District of Woollahra". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  4. ^ Green, Antony. "Elections for the District of Tamworth". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  5. ^ "NSW silk appointments". NSW Bar Association. Retrieved 20 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Commission as King's Counsel". Retrieved 20 July 2021 – via NSW State Records & Archives.
  7. ^ "Death of Mr John Garland". The Sydney Morning Herald. 24 February 1921. p. 8. Retrieved 20 July 2021 – via Trove.


New South Wales Legislative Assembly Preceded byAdrian Knox Member for Woollahra 1898–1901 Succeeded byWilliam Latimer Preceded byRaymond Walsh Member for Tamworth 1903–1904 Succeeded byRobert Levien Political offices Preceded byCharles Wade Minister of Justice 1909 – 1910 Succeeded byWilliam Holman DormantTitle last held byHugh Pollock Solicitor General 1909 – 1910 Succeeded byWalter Bevan Preceded byDavid Hall Minister of Justice 1916 – 1919 Succeeded byJack FitzGerald Preceded byWilliam Holman Solicitor General 1916 – 1919 Succeeded byJack FitzGerald Preceded byJack FitzGerald Representative of the Governmentin the Legislative Council 1918 – 1920 Succeeded byEdward Kavanagh Preceded byDavid Hall Attorney-General 1919 – 1920 Succeeded byEdward McTiernan
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John Garland (Australian politician)
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