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Hanaouay

Hanaouay
حانويه
Hanaway, Hanawey, Hanouiyeh, Hanawiya, Hannaouiye, Henawei, Hanaoueh, Henaweh, Hanawai, Hanâwieh
Village
Hanaouay is located in Lebanon
Hanaouay
Hanaouay
Coordinates: 33°13′16″N 35°16′39″E / 33.22111°N 35.27750°E / 33.22111; 35.27750
Grid position176/291 PAL
Country Lebanon
GovernorateSouth Governorate
DistrictTyre
Elevation
820 ft (250 m)
Time zoneGMT +3

Hanaouay, Henawei, (Arabic: حانويه) is a village in the Tyre District in Southern Lebanon, located north-west of Qana.

Name

According to E. H. Palmer, Henawei means "the little bend".[1]

History

In the early 1860s, Ernest Renan noted: " From Kabr Hiram or Henawei to Kana, monuments cut in the rock are met with at every step; they may be counted by hundreds. The Kana road is in this respect the most remarkable I have ever seen. I would point especially to certain caves having round holes cut above them mixed with rockcut tombs. Stone erections in the form of a gallows (presses) abound. Chambers cut in the rock are seen on all sides. There are also buildings, remains of walls. The rocky hill near Kana, especially, is covered with these works, round holes, large and small, in the rock, basins, trenches, etc."

"Turning to the right, in the valley called here Wady Kana, in order to examine the north face of this rocky hill, we find ourselves in the presence of certain strange sculptures cut in the rock. They are completely rude, such as might be executed by a man without any knowledge of drawing or the least education in this direction. They may be divided into three series. The first forms a sort of long procession ; the second, placed below, is composed of upright figures. M. de Prunieres, who was with us, saw a third series hidden among the bushes. Impossible to attribute to the simple sport of idle shepherds images which must have required continuous labour, and in which one remarks so much intention ; it is also difficult to recognise in them the production of serious art. Similar things are found at Deir Kanun."[2]

In 1875, Victor Guérin found the village to be inhabited by Metualis.[3] He further noted: "On the slopes of the hill on which this village is situated I observed two great ancient presses cut in the rock, each composed of two compartments communicating together, the one to press the grapes and the other to receive the juice. The village is scattered over with cut stones, taken probably from an ancient church consecrated to St. John the Baptist, for a wely there is sacred to Yahia ben Zakaria."[4]

Opposite to Henawei is a ruined village called Khurbet el Ras, of which nothing is left but broken cisterns. A square stone was found here, having upon certain characters.."[5]

In 1881, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: "A village built of stone, on a hill-top, surrounded by figs, olives, and pomegranates, and some arable soil. It contains 300 Metawileh, and the water supply is from cisterns."[6]

In 1889, Gottlieb Schumacher described it as the "well-built and populous village of Henaweh".[7]

Kabr Hiram

Just NNW of Hanaouay lies Kabr Hiram "Tomb of Hiram"), supposedly the tomb of Hiram I, but probably dating to the Persian period, 4–6 centuries after the presumed time of Hiram.[8] All around it are many ruins, and here Renan excavated a Byzantine church dedicated to St Christopher, dating from about 580 CE. At the request of the Emperor, Napoleon III, Renan moved the Byzantine mosaic floor to Louvre, where they still remain.[9][10]

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 4
  2. ^ Renan, 1864, p. 635; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 60
  3. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 393
  4. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 393-394; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 60
  5. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 394; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 60
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 48
  7. ^ Schumacher, 1889, p. 259
  8. ^ Livius.org, The "Tomb of Hiram" at Hannaouiye, accessed 06 October 2021
  9. ^ Renan, 1864, p. 607ff
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, pp. 61-64

Bibliography

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Hanaouay
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