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Frontenac County

Frontenac County
County of Frontenac
Official seal of Frontenac County
Location of Frontenac County
Location of Frontenac County
Coordinates: 44°40′N 76°42′W / 44.667°N 76.700°W / 44.667; -76.700
RegionEastern Ontario
County seatGlenburnie
 • TypeCounty
 • WardenRon Vandewal
 • Land3,336.62 km2 (1,288.28 sq mi)
 • Total26,677 (excluding Kingston)
 • Density8.0/km2 (21/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code613 / 343

Frontenac County is a county and census division of the Canadian province of Ontario. It is located in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario. The city of Kingston is in the Frontenac census division, but is separated from the County of Frontenac.

Historical evolution


The county of Frontenac, situated within the Mecklenburg District, was originally created as an electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada in 1792 and its original limits were described as being:

bounded on the east by the westernmost line of the county of Leeds, on the south by lake Ontario, to on the west by the easternmost boundary of the late township of Ernestown, and on the west by the easternmost boundary of the township of Fredericksburgh, running north twenty-four degrees west until it meets the Ottawa or Grand River, thence descending the said river until it meets the northwesternmost boundary of the said county of Leeds.[2]

Mecklenburg was renamed as the "Midland District" in 1792.[3]

At the beginning of 1800, the County was reorganized as follows:[4]

  • the eastern part of the islands of the county of Ontario were transferred to Frontenac, on the former's dissolution
  • Frontenac was declared to consist solely of the townships of Pittsburg, Kingston, Loughborough, Portland, Hinchbrooke, Bedford and Wolfe Island
  • the remaining unorganized territory remained part of Midland District

Through the addition of newly surveyed townships, by 1845 the County covered the following territory:

the Townships of Bedford, Barrie, Clarendon, Hinchinbrooke, Kingston, Kennebec, Loughborough, Olden, Oso, Portland, Pittsburgh, which shall include Howe Island, Palmerston, Storrington, and Wolfe Island, and, except for the purposes of representation in the Legislative Assembly, the Town of Kingston.[5]

In 1860, the newly surveyed townships of Miller and Canonto were transferred from Renfrew County[6]

In 1998, the County was reorganized, and it now consists of the townships of North Frontenac, Central Frontenac, South Frontenac and Frontenac Islands.[7] The City of Kingston absorbed Kingston and Pittsburgh Townships and exists now as a separated municipality.

The county council itself was abolished and replaced by a management unit with limited powers, known as the Frontenac Management Board.[8] The management unit became a county again in 2004.[9][10]



Children attend schools part of the Limestone District School Board, based in the City of Kingston.



As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Frontenac County had a population of 161,780 living in 69,984 of its 80,226 total private dwellings, a change of 7.5% from its 2016 population of 150,480. With a land area of 3,725.82 km2 (1,438.55 sq mi), it had a population density of 43.4/km2 (112.5/sq mi) in 2021.[11]

Canada census – Frontenac community profile
Population161,780 (+7.5% from 2016)150,475 (0.5% from 2011)149,738 (4.1% from 2006)
Land area3,725.82 km2 (1,438.55 sq mi)3,787.79 km2 (1,462.47 sq mi)
Population density43.4/km2 (112/sq mi)39.5/km2 (102/sq mi)
Median age43.2 (M: 41.6, F: 45.2)
Private dwellings80,226 (total)  69,984 (occupied) 74,074 (total) 
Median household income$81,000
Notes: Includes data for City of Kingston.
References: 2021[12] 2016[13] 2011[14] earlier[15][16]

Historic populations for Frontenac census division:[16]

  • Population in 2001: 138,606
  • Population in 1996: 136,365

See also



  1. ^ a b "Frontenac County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Archived from the original on 2017-03-30. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
  2. ^ Proclamation of July 16, 1792
  3. ^ An act for building a gaol and court house in every district within this province, and for altering the names of the said districts, S.U.C. 1792, c. 8, s. 3
  4. ^ An act for the better division of this province, S.U.C. 1798, c. 5, s. 11-12, 14, 18
  5. ^ An Act for better defining the limits of the Counties and Districts in Upper Canada, for erecting certain new Townships, for detaching Townships from some Counties and attaching them to others, and for other purposes relative to the division of Upper Canada into Townships, Counties and Districts, S.Prov.C. 1845, c. 7, Sch. B
  6. ^ An Act to amend "An Act respecting the Territorial Division of Upper Canada", S.Prov.C. 1860, c. 39, s. 2
  7. ^ Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #5 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2006. Archived from the original on 2020-05-11. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  8. ^ "Frontenac County: One of the players remembers amalgamation talks". Frontenac News. February 4, 2015.
  9. ^ Division of Ontario into Geographic Areas, O. Reg. 418/03 , s. 1
  10. ^ Green, Jeff (March 28, 2018). "Frontenac County to look at building a new office with Cataraqui Region Conservation". Frontenac News.
  11. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  12. ^ "2021 Community Profiles". 2021 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 4, 2022. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  13. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021.
  14. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
  15. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  16. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  • Rollaston, Brian, ed. County of a Thousand Lakes: The History of the County of Frontenac. Kingston: County of Frontenac, 1982.
  • Ross, Alec & John De Visser. Kingston and Frontenac County. Erin ON: Boston Mills Press, 2009.
  • Meacham, J.H. Illustrated Historical Atlas of Frontenac, Lennox, and Addington Counties. Toronto, 1878; reprint ed., Belleville: Mika, 1971.
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Frontenac County
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