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Deputy Prime Minister of Spain

(First) Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
Vicepresidencia (Primera) del Gobierno de España
María Jesús Montero
since 29 December 2023
Government of Spain
Council of Ministers
StyleExcelentísimo/a Señor/a
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
SeatMadrid, Spain
NominatorThe Prime Minister
AppointerThe Monarch
Countersigned by the Prime Minister
Term lengthNo fixed term
No term limits are imposed on the office.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of 1978
Formation3 October 1840
(183 years ago)
First holderJoaquín María Ferrer
Salary€77,992 p.a.[1]

The deputy prime minister of Spain, officially vice president of the Government (Spanish: Vicepresidencia del Gobierno), is the second in command to the Prime Minister, assuming the responsibilities of the premiership when the prime minister is absent or incapable of exercising power.

The deputy prime minister is usually handpicked by the Prime Minister from the members of the Council of Ministers and appointed by the Monarch before whom they take an oath. The deputy prime minister may be the head of a government department, but it depends on the will of the prime minister, who may have a deputy premier without a portfolio.

When there are more than one deputy prime minister, this position is called First Deputy Prime Minister (Spanish: Vicepresidente Primero/Vicepresidenta Primera del Gobierno). Since 2023, there are four deputy prime ministers; Nadia Calviño serves as first deputy prime minister since 12 July 2021 and as minister of Economy since 2018.[2]


The office of Deputy Prime Minister, like the premiership, dates back to the 19th century. A Royal Decree of 1840 appointed Joaquín María Ferrer as Vice President of the Council of Ministers.[3][4] However the office was not used again until 1925 when Miguel Primo de Rivera transitioned from a military to a civil government, reestablishing the Council of Ministers, the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and re-creating the Vice Presidency. The vice president's function was to replace the president in cases of absence or illness. This vice-president, said article 3 of the Royal Decree, was appointed by the president from among the members of the Council of Ministers.[5] The Vice Presidency was vested in the Under Secretary of the Interior, Severiano Martínez Anido, who combined the position with that of Interior Minister.[6]

With the resignation of Primo de Rivera and the fall of the monarchy, the Second Republic was established in Spain, which did not initially consider a deputy prime minister necessary. However, in December 1933,[7] Prime Minister Lerroux appointed Diego Martínez Barrio Vice President of the Council of Ministers, a position from which he resigned only three months later.[8]

The Law of January 30, 1938, changed the title to Vice Presidency of the Government and, with the formation of the first Franco government, this position was granted to general Francisco Gómez-Jordana Sousa. From 1938 to 1981 the position was occupied by military officials, with the exception of the vice presidents Torcuato Fernández Miranda (1973-1973) and José García Hernández (1974-1975). Since 1981, with a democracy markedly established in society, Prime Minister Calvo-Sotelo appointed a civilian as Deputy, definitively separating the military power from the executive power, a situation that remains today.


As of 2024, the First Deputy Prime Minister responsibilities are:[9][10]

List of officeholders

See also


  1. ^ EFE (14 January 2019). "Pedro Sánchez percibirá un salario de 82.978 euros". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Crisis de Gobierno: Calviño será vicepresidenta primera y salen Calvo, Ábalos, Laya y Duque". EXPANSION (in Spanish). 10 July 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2023.
  3. ^ "Royal Decree, by which the Queen Regent appointed Joaquin Maria Ferrer Vice President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Finance" (PDF). 13 October 1840.
  4. ^ "Minutes of the Cortes - March 1841". 19 March 1841.
  5. ^ "Royal decree suppressing the positions of President, Members and Secretary of the Military Directorate; restore the positions of President of the Council of Ministers and of the Ministers of the Crown" (PDF). 4 December 1925.
  6. ^ "Royal decree appointing Mr. Severiano Martínez Anido, Minister of the Interior, as Vice President of the Council of Ministers" (PDF). 4 December 1925.
  7. ^ "Decree appointing Vice President of the Council of Ministers to Mr. Diego Martínez Barrio" (PDF).
  8. ^ "Decree admitting the resignation of Diego Martínez Barrio to the position of Vice President of the Council of Ministers" (PDF).
  9. ^ "Ley 50/1997, de 27 de noviembre, del Gobierno". Retrieved 17 December 2023.
  10. ^ "Real Decreto 830/2023, de 20 de noviembre, sobre las Vicepresidencias del Gobierno". Retrieved 17 December 2023.
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Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
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