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Essex Scottish Regiment

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The Essex Scottish Regiment
Active1885–1954
CountryCanada
BranchCanadian Militia (1885-1940)
Canadian Army (1940-1954)
TypeLine infantry
RoleInfantry
SizeOne battalion
Part ofNon-Permanent Active Militia (1885-1940)
Royal Canadian Infantry Corps (1942-1954)
Garrison/HQWindsor, Ontario
Motto(s)Semper paratus 'always ready'
ColorsFacing colour blue
MarchQuick: "Highland Laddie"
EngagementsFirst World War
Second World War
Insignia
TartanMacGregor

The Essex Scottish was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army until 1954.[1]

History

Founded in 1885 as the 21st Essex Battalion of Infantry, it went through several name changes including: 1887 - 21st Battalion, Essex Fusiliers; 1900 - 21st Regiment, Essex Fusiliers; 1920 - The Essex Fusiliers, acquiring its present title in 1927.[1][2]

During World War II the regiment was among the first Canadian units to see combat in the European theatre during the invasion of Dieppe. By the end of The Dieppe Raid, the Essex Scottish Regiment had suffered 121 fatal casualties, with many others wounded and captured. The Essex Scottish later participated in Operation Atlantic and was slaughtered attempting to take Verrières Ridge on July 21. By the war's end, the Essex Scottish Regiment had suffered over 550 war dead; its 2,500 casualties were the most of any unit in the Canadian army during the Second World War.[2][1]

In 1954, as a result of the Kennedy Report on the Reserve Army, this regiment was amalgamated with The Kent Regiment to form The Essex and Kent Scottish Regiment.[1][2]

The Essex Scottish before amalgamation held its final order of precedence as 40.[3]

Alliances and uniform

Clan Gregor tartan

The Essex Scottish were allied to The Essex Regiment and were kitted with a balmoral with red and white diced border, scarlet doublet, white sporran with two black points, red and black hose, spats with black buttons, blue shoulder straps with white cross stripes and piping with full dress only for pipers and drummers, who also wore a feather bonnet with white hackle. They wore the red and green tartan of Clan Gregor.[3]

Perpetuations

The regiment perpetuated the following units of the Canadian Expeditionary Force:

Great War

Battle honours

First World War

Second World War

Victoria Cross and George Cross recipients

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (October 2021)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Guide to Sources Relating to the Canadian Militia (Infantry, Cavalry, Armored)" (PDF). Library and Archives Canada.
  2. ^ a b c Defence, National (24 October 2018). "The Essex and Kent Scottish". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Barnes, Major R.M. (1972). The Uniforms and History of the Scottish Regiments. London: Sphere Books Limited.
  4. ^ "No. 37086". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 May 1945. p. 2608.
  • Barnes, RM, The Uniforms and History of the Scottish Regiments, London, Sphere Books Limited, 1972.
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Essex Scottish Regiment
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