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Callixenus (Ancient Greek: Καλλίξεινος) (fl. 406 BC – 400 BC) was an Athenian politician who lived around the time of Socrates. After the Battle of Arginusae, Callixenus argued that the generals who failed to rescue Athenian shipwreck victims should be tried together by the Assembly. Euryptolemus brought a suit (graphe paranomon) against Callixenus claiming that the proposal was unlawful, but was forced to drop it in the face of public opinion. At the trial, the remaining generals – two, Aristogenes and Protomachus, had already fled Athens rather than face trial – were found guilty, and sentenced to death.[1] A later rhetorical work by Aelius Aristides claims that Callixenus also proposed that the generals should not be buried, though this is certainly ahistorical.[2]

As public opinion turned against the motion brought by Callixenus, a case was brought against him and he fled Athens. He returned in the general amnesty of 403, and died in Athens of starvation.[1]


  1. ^ a b Schmitz 2006.
  2. ^ Stephens 1983, p. 173.
  • Schmitz, Winfried (2006), "Callixenus", Brill's New Pauly, retrieved 19 August 2017
  • Stephens, S. A. (1983), "The "Arginusae" Theme in Greek Rhetorical Theory and Practice", The Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists, 20 (3)
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