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British Columbia Highway 1A

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Highway 1A marker

Highway 1A

Route information
Auxiliary route of Hwy 1
Maintained by British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure
Location
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Highway system
Hwy 1 Hwy 2

There are many roads in the southwestern part of British Columbia and Vancouver Island that were designated as Highway 1A. These roads were sections of the original 1941 route of Highway 1 before its various re-alignments, and are used today as service routes and frontage roads. The "B.C. Highway 1A" designations were removed from these sections by the province between 2005 and 2010, although signage remains along some of the route and the designation on some maps.

Vancouver Island

North Cowichan

Highway 1A marker

Highway 1A

LocationNorth Cowichan, Ladysmith
Length17.4 km[1] (10.8 mi)

A 17 km (11 mi) long segment of highway in North Cowichan and Ladysmith designated as Highway 1A. It starts in the south at the intersection of Highway 1 and Mount Sicker Road, the Highway follows Mount Sicker Road and Chemainus Road east for 2 km (1+14 mi) to an intersection with Crofton Road, which provides access to the community of Crofton. Chemainus Road and Highway 1A turns northwest, and goes for 15 km (9 mi) through Chemainus to the intersection with Roland Lane, where it subsequently turns west to meet the Trans-Canada Highway on the south end of Ladysmith.[1] This route was the original Island Highway prior to the opening of the existing Trans-Canada Highway, which was constructed to bypass the Chemainus area in 1950.

Greater Victoria

Highway 1A marker

Highway 1A
(Island Highway)

LocationVictoria, Saanich, View Royal, Colwood, Langford
Length16 km (9.9 mi)
Existed1956–1990s

Since 1941, Highway 1A went from Victoria to Kelsey Bay, ending at the wharf. By 1960, Highway 1 ended at Nanaimo's Departure Bay Ferry terminal.

A 16 km (9.9 mi) long segment of highway in Greater Victoria was designated as Highway 1A. It started in Victoria at the intersection of Hillside Avenue and Government Street, following Gorge Road West for 5 km (3.1 mi) until it reached an intersection at Admirals Road, and crossed the Craigflower Bridge. Highway 1A then proceeded west along the Old Island Highway for 5 km (3.1 mi) to Goldstream Avenue. Highway 1A continued onto Goldstream Avenue and proceeded west through downtown Langford for 6 km (3.7 mi) to its termination at Highway 1 just short of Goldstream Provincial Park. This route was the original Island Highway prior to the opening of the existing Trans-Canada Highway route in 1955 and 1956.

Lower Mainland

Highway 1A marker

Highway 1A

LocationSurrey, Langley, Abbotsford
Length29 km (18 mi)

Highway 1A marker

Highway 1A

LocationWest Vancouver, Vancouver, Burnaby, New Westminster, Surrey, Langley, Abbotsford
Length74 km (46 mi)
Existed1973–2006

Until the Highway 1 Freeway (originally the "401") was built in the mid-1960s, much of the Fraser Highway was part of the Trans-Canada Highway. It was built along the route of Old Yale Road, which was first built in 1874 between Yale and New Westminster. The Fraser Highway route was designated as Highway 1 from 1941 to 1972 while the new freeway was designated as Highway 401 until 1972. In 1973, the freeway route became Highway 1 while the Fraser Highway became Highway 1A. In 2006, Highway 1A was decommissioned between Downtown Vancouver and Abbotsford, with a 4 km (2+12 mi) segment of Highway 1A between West Vancouver and Vancouver remaining, but concurrent with Highway 99 for its entirety; the 1A designation was eventually deemed redundant and dropped in 2016.[1][2]

Route description

Highway 1A began at Highway 1 (Exit 13) in West Vancouver and shared the alignment with Highway 99 along Taylor Way, Marine Drive, the Lions Gate Bridge and the Stanley Park Causeway through Stanley Park to Georgia Street the West End and Downtown Vancouver. Highway 99 diverges south along Howe Street (northbound Highway 99 uses Seymour Street), and Highway 1A shared 28 km (17 mi) long concurrency with Highway 99A. The route followed the Georgia Viaduct out of downtown to Main Street (westbound traffic used Dunsmuir Street) to Main Street. It then followed Kingsway through East Vancouver and Burnaby to New Westminster, where it followed 10th Avenue (which forms the boundary between Burnaby and New Westminster) and McBride Boulevard. It crossed the Fraser River along the Pattullo Bridge into Surrey, where the roadway became the King George Highway (renamed King George Boulevard in 2009[3]). Highways 1A and 99A diverged with Highway 1A following the Fraser Highway southeast intersecting Highway 15 before reaching Highway 10 in Langley. Highway 1A briefly left Fraser Highway (which passes through downtown Langley), following the Langley Bypass and a short concurrency with Highway 10 to Glover Road, before rejoining Fraser Highway. Highway 1A continued southeast to Highway 13 at Aldergrove (in Langley Township), and continued into Abbotsford where it terminated at Highway 1 (Exit 83), just east of Mount Lehman Road. Its total pre-2006 length was 74 kilometres (46 mi).

With the decommissioning of the Highway 1A designation, the original Trans-Canada Highway route is now known merely as the Fraser Highway between Surrey to Abbotsford. The province of British Columbia still has a 29 km (18 mi) section of the Fraser Highway between Highway 15 and Highway 13 in its highway inventory;[4] however the route is maintained by TransLink.[5] Despite the decommissioning of the route as of 2023 brand new 1A and 99A route markers can be found along the route.

Major intersections

Regional DistrictLocationkm[1][6]miDestinationsNotes
Metro VancouverWest Vancouver−44.60−27.71Taylor WayContinues north
Hwy 1 (TCH) / Hwy 99 north – Ferrys (Horseshoe Bay), Squamish, Whistler, North VancouverExit 13 on Hwy 1; former Hwy 1A western terminus; west end of Hwy 99 concurrency
−43.50−27.03Marine DriveHwy 99 / former Hwy 1A follows Marine Drive
−42.60−26.47 To Hwy 1 (TCH) / Marine Drive, Capilano Road – North Vancouver (City)Hwy 99 / former Hwy 1A follows Lions Gate Bridge approach
Burrard Inlet−42.30–
−40.90
−26.28–
−25.41
Lions Gate Bridge
Metro VancouverVancouver−40.50−25.17Stanley Park Drive – Stanley ParkClosed during peak hours; no southbound entrance
−38.80−24.11North Lagoon Drive – Stanley ParkInterchange; no southbound exit
−36.70–
−36.50
−22.80–
−22.68
Howe Street, Seymour Street (Hwy 99 south) – Airport (YVR), Ferrys (Tsawwassen), SeattleOne-way pair; east end of Hwy 99 concurrency; west end of former Hwy 99A concurrency
−36.00–
−35.10
−22.37–
−21.81
Georgia and Dunsmuir Viaduct
−35.10−21.81Main StreetFormer Hwy 1A / Hwy 99A follows Main Street
−33.70–
−33.50
−20.94–
−20.82
Main Street
Broadway (Hwy 7) / Kingsway
Former Hwy 1A / Hwy 99A follows Kingsway
BurnabyNew Westminster line−20.00−12.4310th Avenue / 12th StreetFormer Hwy 1A / Hwy 99A follows 10th Avenue
−18.00−11.18McBride Boulevard / 10th AvenueFormer Hwy 1A / Hwy 99A follows McBride Boulevard
New Westminster−16.10−10.00Royal Avenue / Columbia StreetGrade separated
Fraser River−15.80–
−14.60
−9.82–
−9.07
Pattullo Bridge
Metro VancouverSurrey−14.00−8.70Scott RoadGrade separated
−9.40−5.84Fraser Highway / King George BoulevardFormer Hwy 1A follows Fraser Highway; east end of former Hwy 99A concurrency
0.000.00 Hwy 15 (176 Street / Pacific Highway) – Hwy 1, U.S. BorderHwy 1A western terminus[1]
Langley (City)5.243.26 Hwy 10 west (Langley Bypass) / Fraser Highway – Surrey, Ferries, Airport (YVR)Hwy 1A follows Langley Bypass; west end of Hwy 10 concurrency
5.773.59200 StreetTo Hwy 1 (TCH) and Golden Ears Bridge
6.624.11204 StreetGrade separated; westbound exit and entrance
7.474.64 Glover Road (Hwy 10 east) to Hwy 1 (TCH) – Fort Langley, HopeEast end of Hwy 10 concurrency
9.405.84Fraser Highway / 208 StreetHwy 1A follows Fraser Highway
Langley (Township)20.7512.89 Hwy 13 (264 Street) – Hwy 1, U.S. Border, BellinghamAldergrove; Hwy 1A eastern terminus[1]
Fraser ValleyAbbotsford28.05–
29.25
17.43–
18.18
Hwy 1 (TCH) / Mount Lehman Road – Vancouver, Hope, Airport (YXX)Exit 83 on Hwy 1; former Hwy 1A eastern terminus
Maclure RoadContinues east
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Footnotes

Chilliwack

Highway 1A marker

Highway 1A

LocationChilliwack
Length18 km (11 mi)
Existed1973–1990s

The Chilliwack-Rosedale Yale Road East section ran from the Trans-Canada Highway at the Vedder Road crossing (Exit 119), through Chilliwack and Rosedale, and reconnecting to the Trans-Canada Highway along with Highway 9 (Exit 135). This section of what was originally the Yale Road was part of the original Trans-Canada Highway route until the completion of the "401" Freeway section in the 1960s. In 2005, the City of Chilliwack posted signage along the Yale Road East section designating it as the "Trans-Canada Parallel Route".

Kicking Horse Pass

Highway 1A marker

Highway 1A

LocationYoho National Park
Length2 km[7] (1.2 mi)
Existed1962–2000s

A former section of Highway 1A exists along the former Kicking Horse Trail, the original road between Lake Louise and Golden that opened in 1926.[8] When the Trans-Canada Highway was realigned in 1962, the segment became Highway 1A.[9] It began at Highway 1, 3 km (1+34 mi) west of the Alberta border in Yoho National Park and meandered eastward through Kicking Horse Pass to Lake Louise. The route is now closed to vehicle traffic and is part the Great Divide hiking trail.[10]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Landmark Kilometre Inventory (PDF). British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure (Report). Cypher Consulting. July 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-08-07. Retrieved 2020-09-14.
  2. ^ "Official Numbered Routes in British Columbia". Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Province of British Columbia. June 8, 2015. Archived from the original on 2017-01-05. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  3. ^ Corporate Report No: R207 (PDF) (Report). City of Surrey. November 16, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 22, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  4. ^ Landmark Kilometre Inventory (PDF). British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure (Report). Cypher Consulting. July 2020. pp. 82–85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-08-07. Retrieved 2020-09-14.
  5. ^ "Major Road Network" (PDF) (Map). TransLink. 1:70,500. December 6, 2018. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  6. ^ Google (September 30, 2020). "Highway 1A in Greater Vancouver, BC" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
  7. ^ "Short Hikes - Great Divide". Parks Canada: Yoho National Park. Government of Canada. June 19, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  8. ^ Williams, M.B.; National Parks of Canada (1930). The Kicking Horse Trail: Scenic Highway from Lake Louise, Alberta to Golden, British Columbia (PDF). Ottawa, ON: F.A. Acland: Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty. p. 21. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
  9. ^ "Kicking Horse Pass National Historic Site of Canada". Parks Canada. Government of Canada. March 22, 2012. Archived from the original on 2017-10-14. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
  10. ^ Map of Yoho National Park (PDF). Parks Canada. 2015.
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British Columbia Highway 1A
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