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Batna (city)

Batna
باتنة
City of Batna
Overview of Batna
Official seal of Batna
Location of Batna, Algeria within Batna Province
Location of Batna, Algeria within Batna Province
Batna is located in Algeria
Batna
Batna
Location of Batna within Algeria
Coordinates: 35°33′N 6°10′E / 35.550°N 6.167°E / 35.550; 6.167
Country Algeria
ProvinceBatna Province
DistrictBatna District
Government
 • PMA Seats33
Area
 • Total85 km2 (33 sq mi)
Elevation
1,048 m (3,438 ft)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total290,645[1]
DemonymBatni (male) Batnia (female)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
Postal code
05000
Area code(+213) 033
Vehicle registration05
ONS code0501
ClimateBSk

Batna (Arabic: باتنة, Bātnah) is the main city and commune of Batna Province, Algeria. With a population of 290,645 (2008 census)[1] it is the fifth largest city in Algeria. It is also one of the principal cities of the Chaoui area and is considered the capital of Aurès.

History

[edit]

Batna was inhabited by Chaoui tribes and there were previous settlements in the area but they were in ruins by the 18th century. The first solid foundations (a military encampment) of the city were erected by a French garrison in 1844, with a strategic mission to create a permanently guarded access point for the main Sahara road. Batna's geographical location offers a natural break through the Atlas Mountains. The ancient cities of Timgad and Lambese, built around the first century CE, are living examples of the importance that the Romans gave to commercial control over the region.[citation needed]

Signature and proclamation of the Algerian revolution Batna

[edit]
The Municipal People's Assembly
Martyrs' Square of Batna

The inhabitants of the city revolted against the French authorities at the beginning of colonization. Thereafter they organized the Algerian revolution against French colonialism.

The first Batneens adhered to Messali Hadj (PPP), as did the Ulemas Ben Badis and the Movement for the Triumph of Democratic Freedoms (MTLD), and together they organized the great historic summit of 22, June 25, 1954.

The Algerian revolution started at Batna under the chairmanship of Batnéen Mustapha Benboulaïd (FLN). Batna was the first military region of Algeria (zone 1) (1954–1962).

On the night of November 1, 1954, the barracks of the city of Batna were attacked by the mujahedeen. Batna was the command headquarters of the Algerian revolution until independence.[2]

Bombing

[edit]

On September 6, 2007, Batna saw a massive Al-Qaeda suicide bombing. The bombing, which took place shortly before the visit of Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, resulted in approximately 15–20[3][4][5] deaths and 107[6] injuries as the bomber detonated his device among a crowd waiting to see the President,[4] who was at the end of a three-day tour of eastern Algeria.[7] The bombings were condemned by the UN Security Council.[8]

Historical population

[edit]
Year Population[9]
1901 6,900
1926 10,300
1931 13,600
1936 15,500
1948 21,700
1954 26,400
1966 54,900
1974 115,100
1977 102,800
1987 181,600
1998 246,800

Climate

[edit]
Snow in Batna

Located in the Aurès Mountains (part of the Atlas Mountains), at 1,048 metres (3,438 ft) above sea level, Batna has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) with Mediterranean influences and an average annual precipitation of 326 millimetres (12.8 in). Summers are moderately hot (by Saharan standards) and dry and winters are chilly and wetter, with the possibility of snowfall.

Climate data for Batna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
11.2
(52.2)
13.7
(56.7)
17.7
(63.9)
22.8
(73.0)
29.1
(84.4)
33.0
(91.4)
31.9
(89.4)
26.9
(80.4)
20.3
(68.5)
14.2
(57.6)
10.8
(51.4)
20.1
(68.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
6.3
(43.3)
8.2
(46.8)
11.6
(52.9)
16.0
(60.8)
21.7
(71.1)
24.9
(76.8)
24.3
(75.7)
20.1
(68.2)
14.5
(58.1)
9.1
(48.4)
6.2
(43.2)
14.0
(57.2)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
1.4
(34.5)
2.7
(36.9)
5.4
(41.7)
9.2
(48.6)
14.2
(57.6)
16.8
(62.2)
16.7
(62.1)
13.3
(55.9)
8.6
(47.5)
3.9
(39.0)
1.7
(35.1)
7.9
(46.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 24.9
(0.98)
29.3
(1.15)
38.0
(1.50)
31.7
(1.25)
32.0
(1.26)
20.1
(0.79)
7.5
(0.30)
17.7
(0.70)
37.3
(1.47)
27.3
(1.07)
31.7
(1.25)
28.7
(1.13)
326.2
(12.85)
Source: NOAA (1971–1990)[10]

Entertainment

[edit]
Algerian national team fans at the 2014 World Cup

Many entertainment resorts are spread across the town. Regarding sports activities the most important destinations are the 1st November Stadium (Stade du premier Novembre), and Seffouhi Stadium, which is used mainly for soccer clubs and festivals (CAB & MSPB are the biggest teams in the city), in addition to the Scholar Stadium. For cultural activities there is the Théâtre régional de Batna, and also a municipal Cultural House, which is located behind the Prefecture and covers many cultural and educational activities, in addition to the Islamic Cultural Center in the heart of the city and the Youth House in Cite Ennaser. For children, an attraction park is located in Kechida, which is approximately a ten-minute drive from the downtown area.

Dining and nightlife

[edit]

With regard to night life, due to some religious and cultural limitations, there are almost no night clubs in the city. However, the existing nightlife is concentrated in the heart of the city, around Les allées Benboulaïd and "STAND" areas, especially during summer break. Downtown Batna has plenty of cafés, traditional restaurants (Chouwaya) or GARGOUTTIER, Pizzerias, French and oriental bakeries, and a limited number of luxury restaurants. Many festivities take place in allées Ben Boulaïd area, mainly in the season of International Timgad Festival (usually between 4–15 July every year). The most attractive exciting places surrounding the city are, Lambese (also called Lambaesis), Timgad, Ghoufi, Chelaalaa, and Belezma National Park.

Administration

[edit]

Districts and urban areas of the city

[edit]
.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this section with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (July 2022) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at [[:fr:Batna]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|fr|Batna)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Districts of the city Batna
Town center
Le Quartier du Stand
Bouzourane
Cité 20 Août
Hai An Nasr
Cité 84 Log.
La Verdure
Cité Chikhi
Cité 800 Log.
Cité 500 Log.
Cité 1020 Log.
Kechida
Erriadh
Moudjahidines
Cité 1272 Log.
La SAE
Tamechit
Sonatiba
Cité Chouhada
Kemmouni
El Boustane
Bouakal
Z'Mala
Douar Eddis
Ezzohour
Cité Lombarakia
Parc à fourrage
Cité Zemmouri
Cité Salsabil
Cité Bouarif
Route de Tazoult
La Zone Militaire
La Zone Industrielle Batna

Monuments

[edit]

Notable residents

[edit]

References

[edit]
  1. ^ a b "Population: Batna Wilaya" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 May 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  2. ^ War in Algeria, Mohammmde Hardi, Benjamamin Stora edition Robert Laffont
  3. ^ "Suicide Bombing In Algeria Kills 15" [dead link] AHN News retrieved September 10, 2007
  4. ^ a b "Suicide Bombing Kills 15 in Algeria" Archived September 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine VOA News retrieved September 10, 2007
  5. ^ "16 killed in Algeria bombing attack"[permanent dead link] Excite News retrieved September 10, 2007
  6. ^ "Suicide bomb kills 20 in Algeria" BBC News retrieved September 10, 2007
  7. ^ "Many dead in Algeria suicide attack" Al Jazeera retrieved September 10, 2007
  8. ^ United Nations Security Council Verbotim Report 5738. S/PV/5738 page 2. The President 7 September 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  9. ^ populstat.info Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Climate Normals for Batna". Retrieved 11 February 2013.
[edit]
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Batna (city)
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