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Avignon Punic inscription

The Avignon Punic inscription

The Avignon Punic inscription is a Punic language inscription found in the Champfleury area of Quartier Ouest of Avignon in 1897, by a builder digging a trench 2-3 meters deep on the boundary of a property. It was first announced by Mayer Lambert.[1]

It is currently held at the Musée d'archéologie méditerranéenne in Marseilles. It is known as KAI 70 and RES 360

It is considered to originate from Carthage.


(1) QBR ZYBQT HKHN[T L]RBT ... BT (This is the) grave of ZYBQT, the pries[tess of (the)] Lady... daughter of
(2) ʿBDʾŠMN BN BʿLYTN BN ʿBDʾŠMN ʾŠT 'Abd-Eshmun, son of Baalyaton, son of 'Abd-Eshmun; wife of
(3) BʿLḤNʾ MQM ʾL[M BN] ʿBDMLQRT BN Baalhanno, (the) servant (of the) go[ds, son of] 'Abd-Melqart, son of
(4) ḤMLKT BN ʿBDʾŠMN ʾBL LPTḤ Himilco, son of 'Abd-Eshmun. Do not open this.




  1. ^ Berger Philippe. Annonce de la découverte d'une inscription phénicienne à Avignon. In: Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 41e année, N. 6, 1897. p. 672. DOI :
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Avignon Punic inscription
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