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Australian Manufacturing Workers Union

Automotive, Food, Metals, Engineering, Printing and Kindred Industries Union
Headquarters133 Parramatta Rd, Granville, New South Wales
54,774 (as at 31 December 2022)[1]
Key people
Steve Murphy, National Secretary
AffiliationsACTU, IndustriALL, ALP

The Australian Manufacturing Workers Union (AMWU), or more fully, the Automotive, Food, Metals, Engineering, Printing, and Kindred Industries Union, is an Australian trade union. The AMWU represents a broad range of workers in the manufacturing sector, as well as associated industries, and is affiliated with the Australian Council of Trade Unions.

The union is national union and is organised into six state branches.


AMWU members protest then-Prime Minister John Howard's IR reforms

The Amalgamated Metal Workers Union (AMWU) was formed in 1972 with the amalgamation of three metal trade unions: the Boilermakers and Blacksmiths Society of Australia (BBS), the Sheet Metal Working Industrial Union of Australia (SMWU), and the Amalgamated Engineering Union (AEU). At its formation, the AMWU had a membership of 171,000, making it the largest organisation in Australia by membership.[2]

In 1979, the Federated Shipwrights and Ship Constructors Union of Australia amalgamated with the AMWU, which changed its name to the Amalgamated Metal Workers and Shipwrights Union (AMWSU). When the Federated Moulders’ (Metals) Union amalgamated in 1983, the union's name changed slightly to the Amalgamated Metals Foundry & Shipwrights’ Union, but in 1985 it reverted to being the Amalgamated Metal Workers’ Union. By 1987, the union's membership had declined slightly to 163,400.[3]

During the 1980s, the AMWU played a pivotal role in securing the support of the left wing of the Australian union movement for the Prices and Incomes Accord, which involved unions agreeing to restrict their demands for wage increases in exchange for the federal government implementing policies to advance the 'social wage', including universal health insurance, investment in education, and social welfare.[4]

In 1991, the AMWU amalgamated with the Association of Draughting Supervisory & Technical Employees (ADSTE) to create the Metals and Engineering Workers’ Union. Two years later, a further amalgamation with the Vehicle Builders Employees’ Federation of Australia resulted in the Automotive Metals & Engineering Union. In 1994, the union merged with the Confectionery Workers' and Food Preservers' Union, itself a recent amalgamation of the Food Preservers' Union of Australia and the Confectionery Workers' Union of Australia, to form the Automotive Food Metals and Engineering Union. Finally, the Printing and Kindred Industries Union amalgamated to form the printing division of the Automotive, Food, Metals, Engineering, Printing, and Kindred Industries Union.

During the 1990s and 2000s, membership of the AMWU declined dramatically, reflecting the rapid decline of the manufacturing sector in Australia, falling from 200,000 in 1995 to 157,000 in 2005.[3] Losses then accelerated, with membership more than halving over the following decade to 68,008 in 2017.[5]

National Secretaries

1973: Jack Garland
1981: Jack Kidd
1988: George Campbell
1996: Doug Cameron
2008: Dave Oliver
2012: Paul Bastian
2020: Steve Murphy

Political Activity

The AMWU is one of the most powerful unions in the Labor Left faction of the Australian Labor Party.[6] During the 2010 Australian federal election the CFMEU and AMWU donated a total of $60,000 to the Greens.[7]

Further reading

  • Reeves, Andrew and Andrew Dettmer (eds.) Organise, educate, control: the AMWU in Australia, 1852–2012. Clayton, Victoria: Monash University Publishing, 2013. ISBN 9781922235008.


  1. ^ "Membership size of registered organisations – 2023" (PDF). Fair Work Commission. Retrieved 16 September 2023.
  2. ^ Huntley, Pat (1980). Inside Australia's Top 100 Unions. Middle Cove, NSW: Ian Huntley (Aust.). pp. 141–145. ISBN 0-9598507-4-0.
  3. ^ a b Docherty, James C. (2010). The A to Z of Australia. Maryland: The Scarecrow Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-8108-7634-7.
  4. ^ Briggs, Chris (2004). "The End of a Cycle? The Australian Council of Trade Unions in Historical Perspective". In Ellem, Bradon; Markey, Raymond; Shields, John (eds.). Peak Unions in Australia: Origins, Purpose, Power, Agency. Leichhardt: The Federation Press. p. 247. ISBN 1-86287-530-8. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  5. ^ Australian Parliament (15 October 2018). "Trends in Union Membership in Australia".
  6. ^ Marin-Guzman, David. "Inside the union factions that rule the ALP conference". Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  7. ^ Keane, Bernard (1 February 2012). "Electoral funding figures show Labor's donations collapse". Crikey. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
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Australian Manufacturing Workers Union
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